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高考英语短文改错精选  

2012-05-18 11:02:50|  分类: 【高三试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高考英语短文改错精选       

               

Passage  1
It was a warm March evening, and I’d just taken a seat on the bus that would take me home. It was nearly 6:00 PM, but the bus was not yet full and the driver gave no ___36___ that he intended to start the bus.
    A middle-aged woman took a seat opposite me. She was crying. Not speaking to anyone in particular, she ___37____ narrated her story.
She had come to the city to visit her daughter. On the way to the terminal, a thief had ___38____ one of her bags. It had contained half of the money she’d brought with her. The other half was hidden under her blouse, so she ___39___ still had some money left. The bus conductor, driver, and other passengers listened to her tale.
At this time, an old man ___40__ got on the bus. He sat in the seat directly in front of the woman.
   After a few minutes, all seats were ___41___. The driver got behind the wheel and started the engine. The bus conductor collected tickets and began asking us where we were ___42___. When he came to the old man’s seat, he became ___43___ and asked the old man whether he had any money. The old man___44___ that he did not. He explained that he ___45___ all his money this morning when he’d accidentally got on the wrong bus and now he was trying to go home.
Upon hearing this, the bus conductor ___46___ the old man to get off the bus. The old man was almost in tears as he begged the bus conductor to let him take that bus __47___ he could get home before dark. The bus driver approached the old man, and repeated the conductor’s ___48___ to get off the bus.
   “Stop troubling him! Can’t you see he’s only trying to get home?” she interfered. “He doesn’t
have any money! ” the driver shouted. “Well, that’s no __49_ to throw him off the bus,” she insisted.
Then she said, “How much is his fare?”  The bus conductor mumbled the amount. “Fine,” said the woman. She __50___ inside her blouse, took out her ___51___ money, and handed the fares to the bus conductor. “Here’s his fare and mine. Just stop giving him a hard time.”
All eyes turned ___52___the woman, who, just minutes before, had been crying over the money she’d lost. “It’s only money,” she shrugged.
By the time the bus rolled out of the terminal, she had given the old man bread and a dollar.  She rode the rest of the way home ___53__ a Mona Lisa smile of peace and grace, and the money she’d lost ___54__ was forgotten.
On the road of life, the politeness and smiles of ___55___ can lighten our loads and lift our spirits. How much sweeter the journey when we make it a little smoother and richer for others!
36.A.answer          B. agreement       C. indication        D. talk
37.A.tearfully           B. excitedly        C. helplessly        D. proudly
38.A.got                   B. snatched        C. pulled             D. caught
39.A.surprisingly       B. peacefully       C. naturally         D. fortunately
40.A.in rags              B. shyly            C. happily            D. in disorder
41.A.had                  B. taken              C. full                D. crowded
42.A.getting on         B. getting down     C. getting off      D. getting in
43.A.conscious         B. suspicious        C. curious            D. anxious
44.A.realized            B. pretended         C. admitted          D. remembered
45.A.spend              B. has spent           C. had spent        D. was spent
46.A.asked               B. ordered             C. led                 D. begged
47.A.so                   B. until                 C. if                   D. when
48.A.arrangement     B. command           C. advice            D. decision
49.A.good             B. sense            C. reason             D. doubt
50.A.picked          B. removed        C. touched           D. reached
51.A.left              B. saving          C. borrowed        D. remaining
52.A.in                B.to                 C. down              D. on
53.A.owning          B.wearing         C. hating             D. losing
54.A.earlier          B.sooner            C. later               D. former
55.A.customers      B. friends          C. strangers         D. conductors
答案36-40 CABDA         41-45 BCBCC      46-50 BABCD   51-55 DBBAC    
Passage 2
Once in a blue moon there is one on New Year's Eve. Revelers ringing in 2010 will be treated to a so-called blue moon. According to popular definition, a blue moon is the second full moon in a month. But don't   1   it to be blue - the name has nothing to   2   the color of our closest celestial(天体) neighbor.
A full moon   3   on December 2. It will appear again on Thursday in time for the New Year's countdown.
"If you're in Times Square, you'll see the   4   moon right above you. It's going to be that brilliant," said Jack Horkheimer, director emeritus of the Miami Space Transit Planetarium and host of a weekly astronomy TV show.
The New Year's Eve blue moon will be   5   in the United States, Canada, Europe, South America and Africa. For partygoers in Australia and Asia, the full moon does not show up  6   New Year's Day, making January a blue moon month for them.
However, the Eastern Hemisphere can celebrate with a partial lunar eclipse(月蚀) on New Year's Eve when  7   of the moon enters the Earth's shadow. The   8   will not be visible in the Americas.
A full moon occurs   9   29.5 days, and most years have 12.  10  , an extra full moon in a month - a blue moon - occurs every 2.5 years. The   11   time there was a lunar double take was in May 2007. New Year's Eve blue moons are rarer, occurring every 19 years. The last time was in 1990; the next one won't   12    again until 2028.
Blue moons have no astronomical   13   , said Greg Laughlin, an astronomer at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
"`Blue moon' is just a   14   in the same sense as a `hunter's moon' or a `harvest moon,'" Laughlin said in an e-mail.
The popular definition of blue moon   15   after a writer for Sky & Telescope magazine in 1946 misunderstood the Maine Farmer's Calendar and marked a blue moon as the second full moon in a month. In fact, the calendar   16   a blue moon as the third full moon in a season with four full moons, not the usual three.
Though Sky & Telescope corrected the  17   decades later, the definition caught on. For purists(语言纯正癖者), however, this New Year's Eve full moon doesn't even qualify as a   18   moon. It's just the first full moon of the winter season.
In a tongue-in-cheek essay   19   on the magazine's Web site this week, senior contributing editor Kelly Beatty wrote: "If skies are clear when I'm    20  celebrating, I'll take a peek(眯着眼睛看) at that brilliant orb(天体) as it rises over the Boston skyline to see if it's an icy shade of blue. Or maybe I'll just howl."
(   ) 1. A. wish    B. wait     C. hope    D. expect
(   ) 2. A. deal with   B. do with    C. develop with  D. form into
(   ) 3. A. occurred   B. came     C. ran    D. went
(   ) 4. A. full     B. half     C. bright   D. part
(   ) 5. A. out of sight   B. visible    C. big    D. clear
(   ) 6. A. until    B. when     C. before   D. since
(   ) 7. A. part    B. all     C. any    D. none
(   ) 8. A. moon    B. eclipse    C. sun    D. shadow
(   ) 9. A. each    B. every     C. either    D. all
(   ) 10. A. On the whole  B. Generally speaking  C. On average  D. In addition
(   ) 11. A. last    B. next     C. other    D. another
(   ) 12. A. go    B. see     C. come    D. look
(   ) 13. A. point    B. evident    C. theory   D. significance
(   ) 14. A. name    B. object    C. phenomenon  D. tradition
(   ) 15. A. created   B. came about   C. made    D. copied
(   ) 16. A. named   B. called    C. introduced   D. defined
(   ) 17. A. error    B. name     C. reality   D. number
(   ) 18. A. blue    B. red     C. yellow   D. grey
(   ) 19. A. published   B. posted    C. printed   D. written
(   ) 20. A. in    B. out     C. away    D. on

答案及解析
本文介绍了一次天文现象:蓝月亮。完成本完形填空时,我们应把生活中的天文现象的实际和作者的思路逻辑联系起来。
1. D 考查动词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识(月亮怎么着都不会是蓝的),我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:别期望月亮是蓝的,这个名字跟月球的颜色一点关系也没有。我们不难看出此处应该填上表示期望之意的动词,也即是D项,而其余ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:但愿,等待,希望,具有很大的迷惑性的AC两项,其中A项的不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,C项中的hope其后不跟复合宾语结构,故我们选择A项为最佳答案。
2. B考查动词短语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示和……有联系之意的动词词组, 而have nothing to do with……就是这样的意思,也即是B项,而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:处理,随着……发展,形成,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择B项为最佳答案。
3. A 考查动词的含义辨析及准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识, 经过分析,语意是:12月2日发生圆月,此处应该填上表示出现、发生之意的动词,这四个词中只有A项有这样的意思。其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:来,跑,去,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故我们选择A项为最佳答案。 
4. A 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:如果你在时间广场,你就会看见这轮圆月。此处应该填上表示圆的之意的词,也即是A项,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:一半,明亮,部分,这些意思在这儿都不适用于此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故A项为准确答案。 
5. B 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,经过分析,语意是:这轮新年前夕的圆月将会在美国,加拿大,欧洲,南美洲和非洲看得见。这四个词中只有B项有看得见这样的意思。而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:看不见,大的,清晰的,其中D项的迷惑性很大,而根据常识,月亮有时清晰可见,有时模模糊糊,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
6. A 检测连词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。经过分析,语意是:对于澳大利亚和亚洲的观看者来说,这轮圆月一直到新年那一天才能出现。我们容易推理出此处应该填上表示直到之意的连词,这四个词中只有A项(until)有这样的意思,而其余BCD三项依次分别所表达的意思是:当……的时候,在……之前,自从…….开始,它们都不和not搭配,也构不成直到…..才之意,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择A项为最佳答案。
7. A检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:然而东半球可能要在新年前夕当月球部分进入地球的影子是来庆祝月蚀。我们不难看出此处应该填上表示部分之意的名词,这四个词中只有A项有这样的意思。而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:所有的,任何的,没有,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故A项最佳。
8. B 联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:月蚀在美洲看不到。这四个词中只有B项有月蚀之意,其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:月球,太阳,影子,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故B项最佳。
9. B 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。由日常生活中的常识,我们不难看出此处应该填上表示每隔之意的形容词,这四个词中只有B项有这样的意思,而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:每一,两者中的任何一个,所有的,具有很大的迷惑性的是A项,但是它没有这样的用法,故B项为准确答案。
10. C 检测插入语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由日常生活中的常识,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:平均来说,格外圆的月亮,也就是蓝月亮,每两年半发生一次。我们容易确定此处应该填上表示平均来说之意的词,也即是C项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:整体上看,大体上说,另外,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择C项为最佳答案。7. A 
11. A 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,经过简单计算,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:上一次出现蓝月亮是在2007年5月。四个词中只有A项有紧接前面的,刚过去的,上一次之意,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:下一个,别的,另一个,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故D项最佳。
12. C 考查动词短语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,,经过简单计算,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:下一次新年前夕蓝月亮直到2028年才会再出现一次。能表示这个意思的只有C项了,其余ABD三项依次分别所表达的意思是:去,看见,看,很清楚放句意不通顺,故C项最佳。
13. D 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:蓝月亮现象本身并没有天文学方面的意义,而只是一个名字而已。此处应该填上表示意义,重要性之意的名词,也即是D项,而其余ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:要点,证据,理论,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择D项为最佳答案。
14. A 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示名字之意的名词,而BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:客体,现象,传统,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故A项最佳。
15. B 考查动词及其短语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语意,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:蓝月亮这个大家熟悉的定义在《Sky & Telescope》这家杂志的一位撰稿人弄错了《Maine Farmer's Calendar》这种日历而把一个月中的第二次圆月标注成蓝月亮。分析后我们不难看出此处应该填上表示出现产生之意的动词,这四个词中只有B项有这样的意思。而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:创造,制作,复制,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
16. D 考查动词短语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:事实上,这种日历把一个季节中的第三次圆月定义为蓝月亮。所以,此处应该填上表示定义之意的动词,也即是D项,具有很大的迷惑性容易让人上当的是AB两项,但是它们通常直接跟名词作宾语补足语,不用中间加上as,C项的意思是介绍,很明显放在这儿不能使句意逻辑上合理通顺,故D项最佳。
17. A 由上一题的分析,联系上下文的语境,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:虽然这家杂志多年之后更正了这个错误,但是这个名称继续使用。不难断定此处应该填上表示错误之意的名词,也即是A项,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:名称,现实,数字,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,语意也不顺畅,故我们选择A项为最佳答案。
18. A 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解及联系上下文能力。经过分析,语意是:对于偏爱语言纯正的人来说,新年前夕的圆月不配蓝月亮这个名字,只是冬季的第一次圆月而已。再说全文都是在论述蓝月亮,我们容易推理出此处应该填上表示蓝之意的形容词,也即是A项,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:红,黄,灰,很明显放在这儿都不合适,故D项最佳。
19. B 考查动词短语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。经过分析,语意是:在一篇发布在这家杂志网站上的小笑话里,高级编辑Kelly Beatty写道:如果天空晴朗,当我出门庆祝的时候,我会眯着眼看看这个天体从波士顿的地平线升起,来弄清楚它是否蓝色的,或者我会大笑。因此,此处应该填上表示发布(在网上而不是杂志上)之意的动词,那就是B项posted,其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:出版,印刷,写,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
20. B 检测副词的含义的准确记忆与理解。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示在外面之意的副词,ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:里面,远处,上面,很明显放在这儿都不合适,故B项最佳。

Passage 3
Like poorly managed stress, anger that isn’t handled in a healthy way can be not only uncomfortable, but even damaging to one’s health and personal life. Consider the following research on anger:
One study from the University of Washington School of Nursing studied   1   problems in husbands and wives. Researchers cited(引用) previous evidence that anger problems and depressive symptoms have been linked to all major   2   of death, but found that wives specifically found a greater association between anger and   3   of depression,   4   men tended to instead experience an   5   between anger and health problems.
According to a study from Ohio State University, those who had less control over their anger   6   to heal more slowly from wounds. Researchers gave blisters(起疱膏) to 98 participants and found that, after 8 days, those who had less control over their anger also tended to be   7   healers.    8   , those participants also tended to have more cortisol (a stress hormone) in their system during the blistering procedure,   9   that they may be more stressed by difficult situations as well.
  10   study from Harvard School of Public Health studied hostility(敌对行为) in men and found that those with   11   rates of hostility not only had poorer pulmonary functioning (breathing problems), but experienced higher rates of decline as they aged.
Research with children and   12   shows that anger   13   is important for the younger set as well. Findings showed that youth who cope inappropriately with their anger are at greater   14   for problem-ridden(受…支配的) interpersonal relationships. Their   15   is also at risk; those who cope poorly with anger tend to have more negative   16   when it comes to both mental and general health. This highlights the fact that anger management is an important skill to   17   early.
These are just a few of the many studies linking anger to   18   and emotional health problems, from the obvious to the   19   . Because poorly managed anger presents such a significant problem in so many areas of life, it’s important to take steps toward learning and using healthy anger management techniques in daily life,    20   stress management techniques.
(   ) 1. A. anger    B. health   C. emotion   D. spirit
(   ) 2. A. causes    B. effects   C. excuses   D. factors
(   ) 3. A. times    B. results   C. influences   D. symptoms
(   ) 4. A. but    B. if    C. while    D. though
(   ) 5. A. appreciation  B. attention   C. association  D. attraction
(   ) 6. A. prepared   B. addicted   C. accustomed  D. tended
(   ) 7. A. faster    B. more    C. slower   D. quicker
(   ) 8. A. As well as   B. In addition  C. Except   D. What’s worse
(   ) 9. A. predicting   B. promising   C. expecting   D. suggesting
(   ) 10. A. Other    B. More    C. Another   D. The other
(   ) 11. A. higher   B. lower    C. thicker   D. fewer
(   ) 12. A. adults   B. adolescents  C. elders   D. citizens
(   ) 13. A. development  B. management  C. argument   D. engagement
(   ) 14. A. chance   B. choice   C. rate    D. risk
(   ) 15. A. body    B. feeling   C. health   D. emotion
(   ) 16. A. outcomes   B. meanings   C. effects   D. pains
(   ) 17. A. recite    B. learn    C. understand  D. explore
(   ) 18. A. facial    B. spiritual   C. psychological  D. physical
(   ) 19. A. unperfected  B. unexpected  C. unprotected  D. uncovered
(   ) 20. A. along with   B. along side   C. as with   D. for with
答案及解析
本文说明了几项对生活中的恼怒和心理压力的研究。完成本完形填空时,我们应把生活中的我们经常感受的有关恼怒和压力的实际情况和作者的思路逻辑联系起来。
1. A 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:一项来自华盛顿护士学校的研究研究了夫妻之间的生气问题,此处结合全文应该填上表示生气之意的名词,也即是A项,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:健康,情感,精神,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择A项为最佳答案。
2. A检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:研究人员引用了以前的数据:生气问题和抑郁症的症状都和主要的死亡原因有联系。我们不难看出此处应该填上表示原因之意的名词,BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:影响,借口,因素,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,只有A项(原因)有这样的意思,故我们选择A项为最佳答案。
3. D 检测名词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处语意应该是:但是发现妻子特别觉得生气和抑郁症之间有联系,而丈夫认为生气和健康有联系。容易确定此处应该填上表示症状之意的名词,也即是D项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:时代,结果,影响,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
4. C 检测连词的含义辨析。由上一题的分析我们知道填上C项表示对比意味的然而之意的连词,ACD项的意思是:但是,如果,虽然,不能使句意通顺,故C项最佳。
5. C 检测名词的含义辨析。由第三题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示联系之意的名词,ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:欣赏,注意,吸引,不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,而C项的意思就是联系,故B项为准确答案。
6. D考查动词短语的含义辨析。经过分析,语意是:根据一项来自俄亥俄州立大学的研究,那些对愤怒很少控制的人总是伤口愈合得慢。此处填上D项表示总是之意的动词,ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:准备,沉溺于,习惯于,逻辑不相契合,故D项最佳。
7. C 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,我们容易推理出此处应该填上表示较慢的之意的形容词,也即是C项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:较快的,较多的,较迅速的,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故C项最佳。
8. B 考查介词短语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语意,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:而且,这些人在起水泡过程中身体系统总是分泌出较多的压力激素,这说明可能也在困难情况下感到更受压力。不难看出此处应该填上表示而且之意的词,这四个词中只有B项有这样的意思。而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:和……一样,除了,除了,这些意思的其后都必须得有宾语,在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
9. D 考查动词现在分词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示说明之意的动词现在分词,也即是D项,而其余ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:预示着,允诺说,期望着,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择D项为最佳答案。
10. C 检测代词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境(上面介绍了两项研究),我们容易推理出应该填上表示另外一项之意的代词,这四个词中只有C项有这样的意思,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:别的(往往几个),更多,(两者中的)另一个,无论是用法还是逻辑上都不相契合,故我们选择C项为最佳答案。
11. A 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。经过分析,语意是:另一项来自哈佛公共健康学校的对于男人的攻击行为的研究表明:那些有着高比率的攻击行为的男性不仅有糟糕的呼吸问题,而且有着随着他们变老衰老的比率也高。我们不难看出此处应该填上表示较高的之意的形容词,也即是A项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:较低的,较厚的,较少的,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,
故B项为准确答案。
12. B 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境(前面说明的成年人,这里要说小孩和青少年及青年人),我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:对孩和青少年的研究表明:控制恼怒对于他们同样重要。我们容易断定此处应该填上表示青少年之意的名词,也即是B项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:成年人,长辈,市民,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
13. B 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示控制之意的名词,也即是B项,而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:发展,辩论,从事,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择B项为最佳答案。
14. D 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识(易于发火的人,被人容易惹恼他),我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:结果发现不能过合适地应对恼怒的年轻人,在人际交往中有较高的受人支配的风险。我们不难看出此处应该填上表示风险之意的名词,也即是D项,而其余ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:机会,选择,比率,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故D项为准确答案。
15. C 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:他们的健康也有风险。此处应该填上表示健康之意的名词,这四个词中只有C项有这样的意思,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:身体,情绪,情感,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故C项最佳。
16. A 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:那些不能过合适地应对恼怒的人他们在精神和健康方面总是有比较负面的结果。我们容易看出此处应该填上表示结果之意的名词,也即是A项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:意义,影响,痛苦,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故A项为准确答案。
17. B 考查动词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:这就凸显了恼怒管理是要早些学习的一种技能。处应该填上表示学习之意的动词,这四个词中只有B项有这样的意思,而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:背诵,理解,探索,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故B项最佳。
18. D 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,由上面的一系列的分析我们不难看出语意是:这些仅仅是很多把恼怒和人的身体及情感健康问题联系起来的研究中的几个研究。这些问题或明显或隐藏,结合日常生活中的常识(往往我们说人的健康的时候总是说身心健康),我们容易判断此处应该填上表示身体的之意的形容词,也即是D项,而其余ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:面部的,精神上的,心理上的,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故D项为准确答案。
19. B 考查动词过去分词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示隐藏(也就是不曾为人料想到的)之意的动词过去分词,这四个词中只有B项有这样的意思,而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:不完美的,不加防卫的,揭秘的,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故B项最佳。
20. A 检查介词短语的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语意,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:采取措施学习恼怒和压力控制技能是重要的。此处该填上表示和……一起之意的介词词组,也即是A项,根本就没有B D两项这样的搭配,C项的意思是对于,在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故A项为准确答案。

 

Passage  4
Once again, science supports what your grandmother told you: A good night's sleep helps your body fight a cold.
People who averaged fewer than seven hours of sleep per   1   in the weeks before being exposed to the cold virus were nearly three times   2   likely to get sick as those who   3   eight hours or more, a new study found.
Researchers used frequent telephone   4   to track the sleep   5   of more than 150 men and women aged 21 to 55 over the course of a few weeks. Then they   6   the subjects to the virus, quarantined them for five days and kept   7   of who got sick.
  8   sleeping more, sleeping better also seemed to   9   the body fight illness: Patients who fared better on a measure   10   as 'sleep efficiency' - the percentage of time in bed that you're actually sleeping - were also   11   likely to get sick.
The results held   12   even after researchers   13   for variables such as body-mass index, age, sex, smoking and pre-existing antibodies to the   14   .
  15   your grandmother, the researchers aren't exactly sure   16   sleeping better makes you less likely to   17   a cold. But they   18    take a stab at the answer: 'Sleep disturbance influences the regulation of proinflammatory cytokines(促炎细胞因子), histamines, and other symptom mediators that are released in response to infection.' In plain English, maybe tossing and turning when you're   19   with the cold virus   20   to the symptoms that define a cold.
The researchers were based at Carnegie Mellon, the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Virginia, and the study was funded by the National Institutes of Health.
(   ) 1. A. day   B. night    C. week     D. month
(   ) 2. A. more   B. as    C. less     D. same
(   ) 3. A. occurred  B. worked   C. averaged    D. longed
(   ) 4. A. interviews  B. reports   C. announcements   D. demands
(   ) 5. A. hobbies  B. quality   C. progress    D. habits
(   ) 6. A. exposed  B. placed   C. protected    D. prayed
(   ) 7. A. touch   B. check    C. track     D. reward
(   ) 8. A. Except   B. Besides   C. Within    D. Through
(   ) 9. A. benefit   B. guard    C. help     D. assist
(   ) 10. A. known  B. acted    C. appointed    D. classified
(   ) 11. A. more   B. less    C. far     D. totally
(   ) 12. A. ideal   B. false    C. actual    D. true
(   ) 13. A. adopted  B. adjusted   C. enlarged    D. employed
(   ) 14. A. bodies  B. cells    C. virus     D. medicines
(   ) 15. A. Like   B. As    C. Against    D. By
(   ) 16. A. What   B. When   C. Where    D. Why
(   ) 17. A. develop  B. form    C. fight     D. prevent
(   ) 18. A. did   B. often    C. do     D. never
(   ) 19. A. infected  B. surrounded  C. limited    D. attached
(   ) 20. A. pulls   B. promotes   C. speeds    D. contributes
答案及解析
本文说明了一项科学调查又一次证实了老祖母们的说法:一夜好睡眠,感冒挡在门外面。完成本完形填空时,我们应把生活中睡眠和抵抗感冒的实际和作者的思路逻辑联系起来。
1. B检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系日常生活中的常识,经过分析,语意是:那些平均每晚睡七个小时还少的人比平均每晚睡八个小时还多的人在面临感冒病毒时多将近两倍的可能患上感冒。我们容易推理出此空应该填上表示晚上之意的名词,也即是B项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:白天,一周,一月,这些意思都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
2. B检测介词词组的含义的准确记忆与理解。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示和…..一样之意的介词和下一个as一起构成固定短语as……as……,很明显其余ACD项无法这样,故B项为准确答案。3. C 考查动词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示平均之意的名词动,这四个词中只有C项有这样的意思。而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:发生,工作,盼望,很显然,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
4. A检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:研究人员通过经常性的电话访问跟踪了150多名21-55岁年龄段的人(有男有女)几周内的睡眠习惯。看出此处应该填上表示采访之意的名词,BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:
报告,通知,要求,这些词语所表示的意思都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,只有A项有这样的意思,故A项最佳。
5. D 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示习惯之意的名词,这四个词中只有D项有这样的意思,而其余ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:嗜好,质量,进步,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故D项为准确答案。
6. A 检测动词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,经过分析,语意是:。然后让这些研究对象接触感冒病毒,隔离5天之后,看看哪些人患上了感冒。这里的接触就是让他们暴露于的意思,这四个词中只有A项有这样的意思,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:放置,保护,恳求,这些意思都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故A项为准确答案。
7. C 检测名词的含义辨析。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该和keep一起构成短语表示看看,也就是跟踪之意,这四个词中只有C项有这样的用法,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:联系,核对,报答,这些意思和keep搭配之后的意思都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故C项为准确答案。
8. B检测介词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:除延长睡眠时间外,提高睡眠质量看起来也有助于人体抵抗疾病。我们不难看出此处应该填上表示除了…..之外还有…..之意的介词,ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:除掉,在……之内,通过,这些意思很明显都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
9. C 考查动词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示有助于之意的动词,也即是C项,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:使……受益(其后不能跟复合宾语即是不能用作benefit sb./sth. do sth.),保卫(其后往往跟sb./sth.from/against sth.),帮助(其后也不能跟复合宾语即是不能用作assist sb./sth. do sth.),故C项最佳。
10. A考查动词过去分词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:那些在人们所知的名叫“睡眠效率”评测中表现较好的病人患病的几率也较低。我们不难看出此处应该填上表示人们所知的之意的词,这四个词中只有A项有这样的意思,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:扮演,指定,分类,虽然都和as搭配,但是这些意思很明显都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故A项为准确答案。
11. B 检测形容词比较级的含义的准确记忆与理解。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示较小的之意的形容词比较级,也即是B项,而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:较多的,远的,总共的,非常显然,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑和语境语意,故B项为准确答案。
12. D检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。经过分析,语意是:即便是在研究人员将身高体重指数(BMI)、年龄、性别、是否吸烟以及是否早有病毒抗体等因素考虑进来进行调整之后,这个结论仍然真实可靠。我们容易推理出这一空应该填上表示真实的之意的形容词,ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:理想的,假的,事实上的,很明显放在这儿都不是这样的意思,不能使句意通顺,只有D项有真实的意思,故D项最佳。
13. B 检测动词的含义的准确记忆与理解应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示进行调整之意的动词,这四个词中只有B项(调整,调节)有这样的意思,而其余ACD项依次分别所表达的意思是:收养,扩大,雇佣,非常清楚,这些意思在都能是语意顺畅,不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
14. C 检测名词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示病毒之意的名词,也即是C项,而ABD项这些词语所表示的意思身体,细胞,药品等等都和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,故我们选择C项为最佳答案。
15. A 检测介词的含义的准确记忆与理解应用。联系上下文的语境,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:和老祖母们一样,研究人员也不能肯定为什么睡得好能降低患感冒的几率。经过分析,我们不难确定此处应该填上表示像……一样之意的介词,只有A项有这样的意思,能使句意通顺,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:作为,反对,经过,很明显放在这儿都不符合上下文之间语言逻辑,故我们选择A项为最佳答案。
16. D 检测连词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面在引导宾语从句时的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示为什么之意的词来引导宾语从句,很明显ABC项依次分别所表达的意思:什么,何时,何地,放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故D项为准确答案。
17. A 检测动词的含义的准确记忆与理解应用。由第15题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示患上之意的动词,这四个词中只有A项有这样的意思,而其余BCD项依次分别所表达的意思是:形成,斗争,预防,这些意思在这儿都不符合此处的上下文之间语言逻辑,故B项为准确答案。
18. C考查动词do用来表示强调的应用。经过分析,语意是:不过他们的确猜中了原因是:睡眠不良会影响人体对促炎细胞因子、组胺和其他为应对病毒感染而释放的症状调节因子的调节。这四个词中只有C项有的确这样的意思,而其余ABD项没有这的用法,故我们选择C项为最佳答案。
19. A 检测形容词的含义的准确记忆与理解。联系上下文的语境,及日常生活中的常识,我们容易推理出这一句的语境是:说白了,就是染上感冒病毒后睡觉时的辗转反侧可能是造成感冒症状的原因之一。经过分析,我们不难看出此处应该填上表示感染之意的动词,这四个词中只有A项有这样的意思,而其余ABD项依次分别所表达的意思是:包围,限制,附加,很明显放在这儿都不能使句意通顺,故A项最佳。
20. D 考查动词的含义辨析及在语言逻辑方面的准确应用。由上一题的分析我们不难看出此处应该填上表示造成之意的动词,ABC项依次分别所表达的意思是:拉,推广,加快速度,和这儿的语言逻辑不相契合,而D项和to搭配之后的意思就是造成,句意通顺,故D项最佳。

Passage  5
What sounds or impressions are you making on the people around you? Think about it. Your words, phrases, even your message may soon be forgotten but believe me, good or   1   , your melody music.
An odd choice of phrase? Not really. The dictionary   2   melody? as a succession of sounds, and what is life other than the combining and blending of a succession of movements and sounds.
Just as a musical composition affects the moods and emotions of people who hear it, so too does the way you live your   3   .
Think of your life as a   4   sheet of manuscript paper. Only the rhythm is there ------it is    5   to you to create the harmony. Naturally you will want your composition to be a   6   , a chart buster' even a Symphony - something to be remembered with pleasure.
So where to   7   ? YOU MUST BEGIN WITH YOURSELF. Have the right   8   , enjoy life, - and most importantly, be optimistic about the future.
Be really   9   in other people. Make a conscience effort to bring peace and happiness into other people's lives.
  10   situations that generate excessive ambition, envy, anger
and pride. They are all   11   of peace and will play ruin with your harmony.
  12   has been said that if these emotions or feelings were forgotten, the world would live in permanent peace. Well, to banish(消除) them from the world is probably aiming a bit high but it shouldn't be too   13   to rid them from your own life.
Develop features such as smart, social, and sensitivity. These attributes are invaluable in enhancing not only your own life but the lives of those around you.
Everything you do has an   14   on those around you. The way you move, whether you   15   or frown. You are capable of making someone's day bright or miserable.
Take time to    16    other people. If there are too many discords & not enough harmony in their lives,   17   them to have a brighter outlook.
Throughout the world most people are striving for   18   .
From the family unit   19   around the dinner table to world leaders at the conference table, the name of the game is the pursuit of peace.
So, let us all play our part in composing the rhythm of life by consciously choosing peace and harmony in our daily lives to   20   a harmonious Universe.
(   ) 1. A. wrong  B. false  C. bad   D. harmful
(   ) 2. A. defines  B. thinks  C. regards  D. acts
(   ) 3. B. school  B. home  C. life   D. college
(   ) 4. A. blank  B. used  C. full   D. deserted
(   ) 5. A. ready  B. decided  C. possible  D. up
(   ) 6. A. failure  B. success  C. model  D. mess
(   ) 7. A. do   B. write  C. make  D. begin
(   ) 8. A. attitude  B. type   C. mood  D. opinion
(   ) 9. A. enthusiastic  B. mild  C. interested  D. cautious
(   ) 10. A. Choose  B. Discover  C. Avoid  D. Design
(   ) 11. A. enemies  B. friends  C. conditions  D. helps
(   ) 12. A. Which  B. It   C. What  D. These
(   ) 13. A. easy  B. willing  C. difficult  D. terrifying
(   ) 14. A. effort  B. mark  C. damage  D. effect
(   ) 15. A. smile  B. cry   C. shout  D. talk
(   ) 16. A. attack  B. listen to  C. change  D. interview
(   ) 17. A. encourage  B. defeat  C. train  D. stop
(   ) 18. A. war  B. peace  C. fight  D. talk
(   ) 19. A. arranged  B. reached  C. seated  D. loaded
(   ) 20. A. create  B. invent  C. seek  D. protect
答案及解析
本文说明的是快乐交际,幸福生活。完成本文要结合生活实际。
1. C无论好坏,前面是good,后面自然是Bad,坏,而不是wrong:错,harmful:有害。
2. A 字典对这个词的定义是动听的声音,define:定义,think:认为,regard:认为,act:扮演。
3. C live one’s life 是固定结构,意思是:过……的生活。
4. A 稿纸自然是空白的,也就是blank, used:旧的,full:满的,deserted:抛弃的,这些不合适。
5. D你生活的曲调就取决于你的行为。取决于,就是be up to sb.,准备好(ready),决定(decide),可能(possible),不合适宜
6. B 实际上你想让自己表现得很好。表现的好,就是成功的人士,故success,而不是失败(failure),模特(model),和一团糟(mess).
7. D 既然出现了问题,要解决问题,从哪开始(begin: 开始)呢?,do:行动,做,write:写, make:制作,明显不行。
8. A 后面无论是享受,还是乐观,都是对生活的态度:attitude,类型:type,情绪:mood,观点:opinion,都不合适。
9. C 有交往就得对别人感兴趣(interested),而不是热烈的:enthusiastic,太强烈了,mild: 温和的,太柔了,cautious:小心的,就更不合适了。
10. C 后面的骄傲,嫉妒等等都是负面情绪,当然得避免(avoid)了,而不是choose:选择,discover:发现,design:设计。
11. A 上述的那些不良情绪都是你和人相处的大敌(enemy),而不是朋友(friends),条件(condition),更不是帮助(help)。
12. B据说如果人类消除了这些情绪,世界就会永远和平。It be said that +主语从句:据说,别的无法构成这样的句型。
13. C避免这些情绪应该不会太难(difficult),而不是easy :容易,willing:自愿,terrifying:令人害怕。
14. D你做的每件事都会在周围人有影响(have an effect on),而不是effort:努力,mark:记号,damage:损害。
15. A是喜笑颜开(smile)还是怒气冲冲?都会影响到别人是开心还是难过,cry:哭喊,shout:大叫,talk:谈话,显得不行。
16. B 花些时间去倾听(listen to ),而不是攻击(attack),改变(change),采访(interview)。
17. A如果他们的生活中有太多的矛盾和别扭,鼓励(encourage)他们用乐观的态度去面对,根本不是打败(defeat),培训(train),停止(stop)。
18. B 全世界大多数人都在为和平(peace)而奋斗,而不是为了战争(war),争斗(fight),谈判(talk)。
19. C 无论是一家人围坐(seated)在饭桌前,还是国家级
领导人围坐着会议桌前,他们的目的是一样的——追求和平,总不能被安排(arranged),被达到(reached),被装上(loaded)吧。
20. A所以,让我们每个人拿和平,和谐为基调来开创(create)我们的生活乐章吧!像发明(invent),寻找(seek),保护(protect)等等明显不行。

Passage 6
Last year, I was speaking at a gathering of wealthy male investors. The organizers posted the   1   of a survey showing that only a small percentage of wealthy men believed their wives spent too much.
'What?'   2   one participant. 'Those guys have to be lying.'
There is no reliable   3   of who spends more among the rich: men or women. Both will say the other is the   4   spender.
A recent survey by Wilmington Trust, Campden Research and Relative Solutions proves the   5   . The companies polled 40 women (I know, that is more like a show of hands than 'survey'), each with a net worth of $25 million or more.
About half the respondents(受调查者) inherited(.继承) their   6   , a quarter   7   it from their husbands and the other quarter earned it   8   . That is roughly in line with other surveys of   9   women and the source of their money. One interesting note: among the self-made women, 90% got their money from owning a business, rather than   10   a salary.
As for   11   , almost all the women (90%) described their spending habits as 'below their means.' The report on the survey said that is 'possibly   12   they do not view their extreme wealth as defining their success.
'Women tend not to spend as much as   13   and splash(泼洒得使到处是) their names all over the place,' said one woman in the survey, describing her spending as conservative and he lifestyle as 'below the radar.'
Many women also worried about wealth having   14    effects on their children and didn't want to spend lavishly(挥霍) to   15   a bad example.
At the same time, 70% of the women said they 'buy nice things when   16   .' And 93.5% of the women said they were responsible for making   17   on major purchases, which   18   that they do a lot of the big spending.
Of course, for truly major purchases a house in Aspen, Colo., a Gulfstream, a Feadship the couple probably makes the decision   19   .
But what about other   20   ? Do you think men or women do most of the high-end spending?
(   ) 1. A. results    B. reasons   C. times    D. directions
(   ) 2. A. cried    B. sighed   C. shouted   D. laughed
(   ) 3. A. data    B. measure   C. division   D. news
(   ) 4. A. biggest   B. bigger   C. smaller   D. worse
(   ) 5. A. matter    B. message   C. point    D. report
(   ) 6. A. spirit    B. money   C. habit    D. cost
(   ) 7. A. bought    B. robbed   C. got    D. earned
(   ) 8. A. itself    B. herself   C. ourselves   D. themselves
(   ) 9. A. wealthy   B. poor    C. ordinary  D. honest
(   ) 10. A. making   B. earning   C. taking   D. spending
(   ) 11. A. buying   B. wasting   C. spending   D. saving
(   ) 12. A. when    B. if    C. whether   D. because
(   ) 13. A. women   B. youth    C. adults   D. men
(   ) 14. A. serious   B. good    C. bad    D. various
(   ) 15. A. send    B. set    C. do    D. give
(   ) 16. A. necessary   B. possible   C. pleased   D. anxious
(   ) 17. A. plans    B. decisions   C. appointments  D. suggestions
(   ) 18. A. notices   B. stresses   C. implies   D. intends
(   ) 19. A. away    B. together   C. as well   D. out
(   ) 20. A. purchases   B. effects   C. differences  D. examples
答案及解析
本文用调查的结果,说明只有很小一部分富翁认为自己的太太花钱太多。完成本题要结合现实生活中男女不同花钱习惯。
1. A组织者公布了一项调查的结果(results),而不是原因(reasons),次数(times),方向(directions)。
2. C有钱,但不显摆没人相信,故一位与会人士大叫道(shout):什么?那些家伙肯定在说谎。哭叫(cried),叹息(sighed),大笑(laughed),都不足以说明他的惊讶。
3. B目前还没有可靠的方法(measure)来评断富人堆里谁花钱更多:是男性还是女性。数据(data),分离(division),新闻(news)就更不行了。
4. B双方都会说对方是个较大的(bigger)花钱者。就两类人没法最大的(biggest),较少的(smaller)不符合常识,较坏的(worse)就更没道理了。
5. C由Wilmington Trust、Campden Research和Relative Solution最近联手进行的一项调查证明了上述观点(point)。物质(matter),信息(message),(报道report)显得不伦不类。
6. B约有一半的被调查者的财产(money)是继承而来,全文都说的是钱,而不是精神(spirit),习惯(habit),成本(cost)。
7. C四分之一得(got)自丈夫,剩下的四分之一是自己赚的。根本不是买来的(bought),更不是抢来的(robbed),后面才说的是自己挣来的(earned)。
8. D剩下的四分之一是自己(是多个受调查者当然用themselves)赚的,而不能用它自己(itself),她自己(herself),我们自己(themselves)。
9. A这与我们对富有(wealthy)女性及其财富来源的调查基本相符。全是对有钱人的调查,而不是穷人(poor),普通人(ordinary),和诚实的人(honest)。
10. B 90%是自己当老板开公司赚的,而不是靠挣(earning)工资得来的。不可能是开(making)工资,带走(taking)工资,花(spending)工资就更不对了。
11. C至于支出(spending),几乎所有女性(90%)都说自己的支出习惯是量入为出。前文说的是挣钱,这儿是说花钱,而不是买(buying),浪费(wasting),节约(saving)。
12. D调查
报告中说,这可能是因为(because)她们并不认为自己的极大财富就是成功的全部意义所在。当……时候(when),如果(if),是否(whether),明显不适合这儿的语意。
13. D女性往往没有男性(men)花钱多,也不会四处宣扬自己。全文都是那男女相比,并不是女的和女的(women),年轻人(youth),还有成年人(adults)比。
14. C很多女性也担心财富会对孩子造成不良(bad)影响,而不是严肃的(serious),好的(good),各种各样的(various)影响。
15. B所以不希望乱花钱,以免给孩子树立(set an example是固定短语)坏榜样。送(send),做(do),给(give)都不和an example搭配构成这个意思的短语。
16. A与此同时,70%的女性说,她们会在必要的(necessary)时候买好东西,而不是比较不合理的可能的(possible)时候,高兴的(pleased)时候,焦急的(anxious)时候。
17. B有93.5%的女性说,买大件的主意(即是决定decisions)都是由她们定,
计划(plans),指定(appointments),建议(suggestions)都没用这个更合理,因为是花钱购置东西,是一个行动的结果。
18. C这暗示(implies)她们经常花钱买大件。并没有直接这样说,故不是注意到(notices),强调说(stresses),打算(intends)之意。
19. B当然,对于真正的大件──比如在科罗拉多州买座房子,一架湾流(Gulfstream)私人飞机,一艘Feadship游艇,夫妇两人可能会一起(together)作决定,根本不是远处(away),也一样(as well),出去(out)之意。
20. A不过买其他东西(要买的东西就是purchases)的时候呢?你认为男性还是女性的高端花销更多?影响(effects),不同(differences),例子(examples)统统不符合逻辑。

Passage 7

Romance does not have to fizzle out(失败) in long-term relationships and progress into a companionship/friendship-type love, a new study has found. Romantic love can last a lifetime and lead to happier, healthier   1  .
"Many believe that   2  love is the same as passionate(多情的)love," said lead researcher Bianca P. Acevedo, PhD, then at Stony Brook University (currently at University of California, Santa Barbara). "It isn't. Romantic love has the intensity, engagement and sexual chemistry that passionate love has, minus the obsessive component(过度成分). Passionate or obsessive love includes   3  of uncertainty and anxiety. This kind of love   4  drive the shorter relationships but not the longer ones."
These findings   5  in the March issue of Review of General Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association.
Acevedo and co-researcher Arthur Aron, PhD, reviewed 25 studies with 6,070 individuals in short- and long-term relationships to    6  whether romantic love is associated with more satisfaction. To determine this, they   7  the relationships in each of the studies as romantic, passionate (romantic with obsession) or friendship-like love and categorized them as long- or short-term.
The researchers looked at 17 short-term relationship studies, which included 18- to 23-year-old college students who were   8  , dating or married, with the average relationship lasting less than four years. They also   9  at 10 long-term relationship studies including middle-aged couples who were typically married 10 years or more. Two of the   10  ncluded both long- and short-term relationships in which it was possible to distinguish the two samples.
The review found that those who reported greater romantic love were more   11  in both the short- and long-term relationships. Companion-like love was only moderately   12  with satisfaction in both short- and long-term relationships. And those who reported greater passionate love in their relationships were more satisfied in the short term   13  to the long term.
Couples who reported more satisfaction in their relationships also   14  being happier and having higher self-esteem.
Feeling that a partner is "there for you"   15  or a good relationship, Acevedo said, and facilitates(促进) feelings of romantic love. On the other hand, "feelings of insecurity are generally associated with   16  satisfaction, and in some   17  may spark conflict in the relationship. This can manifest(表白) into obsessive love," she said.
This discovery may change people's   18  of what they want in long-term relationships. According to the authors, companionship love, which is what many couples see as the natural   19  of a successful relationship, may be an unnecessary compromise(妥协). "Couples should strive for love with all the trimmings(修剪)," Acevedo said. "And couples who've been together a long time and wish to get back their romantic edge should know it is an attainable(可达到的) goal that, like most good things in life,   20  energy and devotion."
(   ) 1. A. scholarships  B. friendships  C. relationships  D. companionships
(   ) 2. A. obsessive   B. romantic   C. passionate   D. companion
(   ) 3. A. feelings   B. factors   C. consequences  D. barriers
(   ) 4. A. contributes   B. helps    C. prevents   D. speeds
(   ) 5. A. occur    B. take    C. write    D. appear
(   ) 6. A. find out   B. work out   C. take out   D. bring out
(   ) 7. A. separated   B. classified   C. divided   D. cut
(   ) 8. A. alone    B. lonely   C. single   D. unique
(   ) 9. A. glanced   B. glared   C. stared   D. looked
(   ) 10. A. findings   B. examinations  C. experiments  D. studies
(   ) 11. A. unpleased   B. disappointed  C. satisfied   D. desperate
(   ) 12. A. referred   B. associated   C. contended   D. conflicted
(   ) 13. A. compared   B. comparing   C. added   D. led
(   ) 14. A. reported   B. said    C. believed   D. hoped
(   ) 15. A. takes    B. makes   C. means   D. depends
(   ) 16. A. higher   B. lower    C. no    D. much
(   ) 17. A. environments  B. states    C. air    D. cases
(   ) 18. A. views    B. expectations  C. remarks   D. statements
(   ) 19. A. progression  B. change   C. results   D. choice
(   ) 20. A. produces   B. satisfies   C. requires   D. consumes
答案及解析
本文说明了浪漫爱情可以持续一生,并且通往更幸福、更健康的关系。完成本题应该结合自己的和实际生活中的人们的爱情观。
1. C 浪漫爱情可以持续一生,并且通往更幸福、更健康的关系(friendships),而学问(scholarships),友谊(friendships),伙伴关系(companionships),明显不合适。
2. B “很多人以为浪漫(romantic)之爱和激情之爱是一回事,全文说的主体就是浪漫爱情,而不是过分关心的(obsessive),也不是多情的(passionate),更不是陪伴(companion)。
3. A激情的或者强迫性的爱情包含了不确定和焦虑的感觉(feelings),无论是那种情都是一种情感感觉,而不是因素(factors),结果(consequences),和障碍(barriers)。
4. B这种爱情有助于(helps)驱动的是短期关系而不是长期关系,贡献于(contributes)要和to搭配,阻止(prevent)和加速(speeds)都显得不合适,不能让语意通顺。
5. D这些研究结果刊登(也就是出现appear)在美国心理学会出版的《普通心理学评论》三月号上,而不是发生(occur),拿走(take),写(write)。
6. A 以检验(就是找到结果,也就是find out)浪漫爱情是否与更高的满意度相联系,计算出(work out),拿出(take out),取出(bring out)等等不符合语意逻辑。
7. B为了证实这一点,他们把每项研究中的爱情关系归类(classified)为浪漫的、激情的(浪漫加上强迫成分)和友谊式的,再分为长期和短期关系两类。Separated:分离,divided:分开,cut:剪开,都不能表示这样的意思。
8. C其对象包括18-23岁的单身(就是single)、恋爱中或已婚的大学生,单身是说没有结婚,而不是单独(alone),孤独(lonely),和唯一一个(unique)。
9. D他们还看了(looked)10个对于长期关系的研究,其对象包括结婚10年或更久的中年夫妇。匆匆一看(glanced),瞪眼看(glared),目不转睛地看(stared),这三个词都与at搭配,但是表示的意思都带有感情色彩,也不符合语意。
10. D其中两个研究(studies)同时包括了短期和长期关系,这两组样本是区分开来的。前文用的都是研究,而不是发现(findings),测试(examinations),和实验(experiments)。
11. C那些报告出更多浪漫成分的人都对自己的爱情关系更满意(satisfied),而不是不高兴(unpleased),失望(disappointed),和绝望(desperate)。
12. B 。在短期和长期关系中,伙伴式的爱情都只有中等程度的和满意度相关(associated),涉及(referred),争斗(contended),和冲突(conflicted),显然不合时宜。
13. A而那些报告出较多激情成分的人在短期关系中比(比较和比较的对象之间是被动关系,故用过去分词compared,而不是现在分词comparing)在长期关系中满意度更高。Added(加上)和led(导致),根本就没有比较的意思。
14. A对爱情关系满意度较高的夫妇或恋人同时也报告(reported)出较强的幸福感和较高的自尊。前文用的就是report,而说(said),相信(believed),和希望(hoped)明显不是针对研究,
15. B感觉伴侣“与你同在”有助于(make for )建立良好的爱情关系,take for的意思是把……当做…..,意味着(means)依赖(depends)通常和for不搭配,构不成一定意义上的短语。
16. B不安全感通常伴随着较低的(lower)满意度,而不是较高的(higher),根本没有(no)和很多(much)。
17. D有时(就是有些情况下 in some cases)还会导致爱情中的冲突。Environments往往指的是自然环境,state说的是物体所处的物理状态。Air是空气和气氛,明显不符合逻辑。
18. B这个发现或许会改变人们对长期关系的一般预期(expectations),观点(views)看上去对,但是这儿不强调人们对爱情的认识,而是能在多大程度上让自己满意,这就是期望或预期,更不是评论(remarks)和陈述(statements)。
19. A研究者称,虽然伙伴式的爱情在很多夫妇看来是成功爱情关系的自然发展()阶段,但它实际上可能是一种不必要的妥协。改变(change),结果(results),选择(choice)不能表达这样的意思。
20. C ,它需要(requires)投入精力才能达成。生产(produces),满足(satisfies),消耗(consumes)不能表达这样的意思。

Passage 8

It is said that Abraham Lincoln searched for exactly the right words to say to his audience in that history-making speech that   1  less than three minutes.
Your speech probably won't be as long-remembered,   2  you can still strive to give your audience the best speech possible by   3  these simple tips:
Write and rewrite the material in your speech until it sounds exactly right to your own ears. Don't use words that are hard to   4  . Avoid technical   5  or keep them to a minimum whenever possible.
Remember to use descriptive phrases so your listeners can get a mental picture in their   6  of what you are talking about. People don't want to be told, they want to be given a   7  picture so they can better understand your words.
Avoid using a lot of statistics that will put your audience asleep in their seats. Keep necessary   8  in your speech to a minimum amount.
Humor can be an effective way to   9  your audience, Humor can also effectively lessen   10  , especially yours. You can use short jokes or personal anecdotes for this purpose. Just make sure your humorous material is appropriate for the audience you are   11  to.
Your speech will probably either inform or   12  your listeners to take action in order to help a charitable organization, etc. Be sure to include localized information in your speech that meet your audience's specific needs.
Read your speech out loud several times to hear how it will sound to your audience. Practice giving your speech in front of a mirror. That way you can see   13  you are going to look to the audience. This technique can help you   14  and feel more comfortable.
Make sure to speak a little louder than   15  conversation when you are giving your speech so that you can be easily heard by the entire   16  , not just the first few rows.
When you are giving your speech to your listeners, remember to   17  your speech down a little bit and don't rush through the words.
You can arrange to have helpful visual aids    18  before, during, or right after the end of your speech. This way the audience will have written information they can take home with them and   19  later.
Remember to be an appreciative speaker and to   20  the person or persons who asked you to give the speech. Also remember to thank the audience for listening.
(   ) 1. A. continued   B. lasted    C. broadcast    D. went
(   ) 2. A. but    B. though   C. and     D. therefore
(   ) 3. A. accepting   B. following   C. copying    D. remembering
(   ) 4. A. pronounce   B. understand  C. learn     D. listen
(   ) 5. A. sentences   B. terms    C. pronunciations   D. meanings
(   ) 6. A. minds    B. notes    C. words    D. tapes
(   ) 7. A. intellectual   B. physical   C. mental    D. visual
(   ) 8. A. information   B. terms    C. statistics    D. words
(   ) 9. A. amuse    B. control   C. persuade    D. drive
(   ) 10.A. attention   B. terror    C. sorrow    D. tension
(   ) 11. A. speaking   B. referring   C. leading    D. owing
(   ) 12. A. help    B. persuade   C. force     D. trap
(   ) 13. A. what    B. how    C. why     D. where
(   ) 14.A. sleep    B. rest    C. comfort    D. relax
(   ) 15. A. normal   B. later    C. previous    D. intentional
(   ) 16. A. speeches   B. actors   C. friends    D. audience
(   ) 17. A. slow    B. speed    C. stop     D. burn
(   ) 18. A. checked out  B. passed out   C. brought out   D. left out
(   ) 19. A. sell    B. review   C. throw    D. mail
(   ) 20. A. thank    B. find    C. teach     D. assist
答案及解析
本文说明的是如何让
演讲更有魅力。完成本完形填空要结合日常生活中人们做演讲的实际和作者的思路结合在一起。
1. B 演讲持续了不到三分钟,这四个词中只有last(持续)后面可以接时间,继续(continued)看起来对但是没有这样的用法,广播(broadcast),走(went)就更不合适了。
2. A 你的演讲不会为人们长时间的记住,但是(but)你可以应用以下的方法让听众拥有可能最后的演讲。虽然(though),和(and),因此(therefore)等等都不是表转折的意思。
3. B你可以应用(就是听从并应用:follow)以下的方法让听众拥有可能最后的演讲。心理上的接受(accepting),复制(copying),记住(remembering),这些不能使句意通顺。
4. A 别使用难以发音(pronounce)的词语,因为是做演讲,所以不能是理解(understand),学会(learn),和听(listen)。
5. B 避免使用技术专业术语(terms),而不是句子(sentences),发音(pronunciations),和意思(meanings)。
6. A 在大脑(minds)中形成思维图画,而不是笔记(notes),话(words),和磁带(tapes)。
7. C 上文就说是思维(mental)图画,这儿也是,根本不是智力(intellectual),生理(physical),和视觉(visual)方面的思维。
8. C 保存必要的统计数据(statistics),上文已经提到这个,不会是信息(information),概念(terms),和单词(words)。
9. A 幽默可能是一条有效的让你的听众高兴(使……高兴:amuse)地方法,控制(control),说服(persuade),驾驶(drive),明显不符合常理。
10. D 幽默可以缓解听众的紧张(tension),而不是注意力(attention),可怕(terror),悲伤(sorrow)。
11. A 就是要确保你的幽默对于你正在对着讲(speaking)的听众是合适恰当的。是
讲话,不是涉及(referring),导致(leading),和归功于(owing)。
12. B 你的演讲可能将会要么告知要么是说服(persuade)你的听众采取行动帮助福利组织等等。演讲的功能就是告知或者说服(persuade)别人,而不是帮助(help),强迫(force),和困住(trap)别人。
13. B 这样一来,你就能看清对于听众来说你看起来将会是怎样的(how),而不是什么(what),为什么(why),更不是在哪儿(where)。
14. D 感觉更舒适,就是放松(relax),而不是睡觉(sleep),休息(rest),和让别人舒适(comfort)。
15. A 确保比平常(normal)
讲话的声音大一些,晚了(later),以前(previous),故意的(intentional)显得不符合语境。
16. D 这样一来就能很容易的让全体的听众(audience)听到你的演讲,而非仅仅是前几排。演讲的对象就是听众,而非演讲(speeches),男演员(actors)和朋友(friends)。
17. A 记得要放慢(slow)语速,不会是加速(speed),停止(stop),和燃烧(turn)。
18. B 你也可以安排提前或在演讲期间把相应的可视
材料分发(passed out)给听众,而不是检票出去(checked out),拿出(brought out),和遗漏(left out)
19. B 这样一来听众就可以把他们记下的内容带回家去看(就是再看一遍:review),根本不会是卖了(sell),扔了(throw),或者邮寄出去(mail)。
20. A 记住去感谢(thank)请你做演讲的人,不是去找到(find),教学(teach),帮助(assist)他们。

Passage 9
What is Math Anxiety?
Math anxiety or fear of math is actually quite common. Math anxiety is quite    1   to stage-fright. Why does someone suffer   2   ? Fear of something going wrong in front of a crowd? Fear of   3   the lines? Fear of being judged   4   ? Fear of going completely blank? Math anxiety conjures(使现出) up fear of some type. The fear that one won't be able to do the   5   or the fear that it's too hard or the fear of failure which often stems(起因于) from having a lack of   6   . For the most part, math anxiety is the   7   about doing the math right, our minds draw a   8   and we think we'll fail and of course the more frustrated and anxious our minds become, the   9   the chance for drawing blanks. Added pressure of having time limits on math tests and exams also cause the levels of anxiety grow for many students.
Where Does Math Anxiety Come From?
Usually math anxiety stems from    10  experiences in mathematics. Typically math phobias have had math presented in such a fashion that it led to limited understanding. Unfortunately, math anxiety is often  11    poor teaching and poor experiences in math which typically leads to math   12   . Many of the students I've encountered with math anxiety have demonstrated an over reliance on procedures in math as opposed to actually understanding the math. When one tries to memorize procedures, rules and routines without much   13   , the math is quickly forgotten and   14   soon sets in. Think about your experiences with one concept --- the division of fractions(小部分). You probably learned about reciprocals(倒数) and inverses. In other words, 'It's not yours to reason why, just invert(反转) and multiply'(乘). Well, you memorized the rule and it   15   . Why does it work? Do you really understand why it works? Did anyone every use pizzas or math manipulative(巧妙处理的) to show you why it works? If   16   , you simply memorized the procedure and that was that. Think of math as memorizing all the procedures --   17   if you forget a few? Therefore, with this type of strategy, a good   18   will help, but, what if you don’t have a good memory. Understanding the math is critical. Once students   19   they can do the math, the whole notion of math anxiety can be overcome. Teachers and parents have an important   20   to ensure students understand the math being presented to them.
(    ) 1. A. different   B. similar   C. far     D. familiar
(    ) 2. A. speech   B. performance  C. threatens    D. stage-fright
(    ) 3. A. understanding  B. memorizing  C. forgetting    D. reading
(    ) 4. A. poorly   B. crazily   C. well     D. publicly
(    ) 5. A. Chinese   B. math    C. English    D. physics
(    ) 6. A. wish    B. conscience  C. determination   D. confidence
(    ) 7. A. fear    B. joy    C. pleasure   D. doubt
(    ) 8. A .failure   B. choice   C. blank     D. death
(    ) 9. A. further   B. greater   C. less     D. smaller
(    ) 10. A. unpleasant  B. unfair   C. pleasant    D. successful
(    ) 11. A. because   B. thanks to   C. resulting in   D. due to
(    ) 12. A. fear    B. anxiety   C. failure    D. misunderstanding
(    ) 13. A. forgetting  B. use    C. understanding   D. knowledge
(    ) 14. A. panic   B. excitement  C. disappointment   D. encouragement
(    ) 15. A. opens   B. works   C. starts     D. runs
(    ) 16. A. so    B. possible   C. not     D. any
(    ) 17. A. Where   B. Why    C. When    D. What
(    ) 18. A. memory   B. method   C. brain     D. body
(    ) 19. A. fill    B. realize   C. confirm    D. recognize
(    ) 20. A. task    B. aim    C. appointment   D. role
答案及解析
本文说明了什么事数学焦虑和它是从哪里来的。完成本题要结合自己学数学的经历。
1. B 数学焦虑和舞台怯场是相似的(. similar),而非不同(different),距离远(far),和熟悉(familiar)。
2. D 前文提过舞台怯场,当然这儿先介绍什么事舞台怯场(stage-fright),而不是演讲(speech),表演(performance),和威胁(threatens)。
3. C 担心忘了(forgetting)台词,而不是理解(understanding),记忆(memorizing),阅读(reading)台词。
4. A 担心受到恶(就是糟糕:poorly)评,而不是疯狂地(crazily),好地(well),公共地(publicly)受到评价。
5. B做不出数学(math)题,而非汉语(Chinese)题,英语(English)题,和物理(physics)题。
6. D 这种害怕起因于缺乏自信(confidence),而非愿望(wish),良知(conscience),和毅力(determination)。
7. A 数学焦虑就是害怕(fear)做数学,远非高兴(joy),乐趣(pleasure),和怀疑(doubt)。
8. C 我们的大脑一片空白(blank),失败(failure),选择(choice),死亡(. death)明显不能使语境通畅。
9. B 我们越是焦虑,大脑一片空白的几率就越大(greater),而不是越远(further),越少(less),越小(smaller)。
10. A 通常数学焦虑来自做数学题的不愉快的(unpleasant)经历,不公平(unfair),令人高兴(pleasant),成功(successful),明显不行。
11. D 数学焦虑常常是因为(due to)糟糕的教学和糟糕经历。应该是介词短语而不是连词,因为后面是名词故用due to 而不是because,thanks to 通常表示由于好的原因,result in的意思是导致,而非因为。
12. B 这明显或导致数学焦虑(anxiety),前文都是用这个词,而非害怕(fear),失败(failure),和误解(misunderstanding)。
13. C 当一个人不经理解(understanding)而去记忆过程、规则、和程序时,这些数学内容很快就会忘掉,根据常理,理解而记忆的内容不易遗忘,而不是忘记(forgetting),使用(use),和知识(knowledge)。
14. A 这样一来,害怕(panic)就会进来。前文就是害怕,绝非兴奋(excitement),失望(disappointment),和鼓励(encouragement)。
15. B 是的你记住了,这就起作用(works)了,而不是打开了(opens),开始了(starts),和跑了(runs)。
16. C 如果这不(not)起作用的话,你只是记住了过程,而绝不是是这样(so),可能(possible),和任何(any),这些都不适合这儿的语言环境和作者的思路。
17. D 你要是忘了一点怎么办(what if:如果……会……),这儿不是哪儿(where),为什么(why),何时(when),what if……是固定句式。
18. A 好的记忆力(memory)是有帮助的,方法(method),大脑(brain),身体(body)显得与前面的不照应。
19. B 一旦学生认识到(realize)他能学数学,整个担心焦虑都会被克服,远非装填(fill),证实(confirm),和辨认出(recognize)。
20.D 老师和家长在确保学生理解数学方面有重要作用(role),而非任务(task),目标(aim),和约定(appointment)。

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