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高考英语Book5 Module 1单元考试题  

2012-05-06 09:27:36|  分类: 【高三试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高考英语Book5 Module 1单元考试题

             

  一、语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
1. I think _______ man like him won’t be satisfied with _______ little progress he has made in language studies.
 A. the; a  B. a; the  C. the; / D. a; /
2. At the meeting many representatives spoke _______ building a playground for the children.
 A. in place of B. as a result of   C. in favor of     D. in need of
3. Can you think of some other aspects _______ American English is different from British English?
 A. which       B. where        C. that          D. when
4. _______ it has happened, it’s no use regretting that.
 A. Though     B. Now that      C. If            D. As long as
5. When _______ the two countries, we’ve found they have much in common.
 A. compared  B. compare  C. being compared  D. comparing
6. You couldn’t imagine what difficulty they had last week _______ the fire under control.
 A. bringing  B. brought       C.  to bring       D. bring
7. This pair of Li Ning sneakers (运动鞋) cost me 210 RMB _______ a similar Nike is double that price.
 A. when       B. as           C. since           D. while
8. Look at the clock. The train ______. Let’s hurry up.
 A. has started B started       C. is starting     D. starts
9. It’s the tsunami (海啸) not the strong earthquake that has _______ great damage to Japan.
 A. started with  B. added to      C. brought up      D. led to
10. Don’t be anxious for him. He is an expert on this subject _______.
 A. after all    B. on purpose    C. as well         D. in all
11. — I _______ as the manager in this company.
 — May I know since when?
 A. worked  B. had worked C. have worked   D. am working
12. Mr. Smith made a brave _______ to save the company from bankruptcy (破产), but it didn’t work.
 A. attempt      B. announcement C. edition         D. combination
13. She has a very _______ way of walking, so I can recognize her easily.
 A. scientific    B. distinctive  C. standard      D. formal
14. — On the night of the festival, people go on streets with a _______ of lanterns.
 — Oh, that must be fun.
 A. kind        B. bunch      C. variety         D. piece
15. — Henry, I haven’t seen you for ages. _______?
 — Very well, thank you.
 A. How do you find it           B. How do you like  
 C. How are you getting on        D. How do you do
二、完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
One day King Henry was hunting in a large forest. In the evening he told his men to ride home by the main road   16   he chose another way that was somewhat remote (偏僻的).
As he came out of the   17  , he saw a boy by the roadside, who   18   to be waiting for someone.
“Well, my boy,” said the king, “are you looking for your father?”
“No, sir,” answered the boy. “I’m looking for the king. They say he is hunting in the woods, and perhaps will   19   this way. So I’m waiting to   20   him.”
“Oh, if that is what you   21  ,” said King Henry, “get up behind me on the horse and I’ll   22   you to the place where you will see him.”
The boy got up at once and   23   behind the king. The horse ran along, and the king and the boy were soon quite well acquainted (熟悉的).
“They say King Henry   24   has a lot of men with him,” said the boy. “How shall I   25   which is the king?”
“Oh, that will be   26   enough,” said King Henry. “All the other men will   27   their hats, but the king will keep his   28  .”
“Do you   29   that the one with his hat on will be the king?”
“  30  .”
Soon they came into the main road where the king’s men were   31  . All the men seemed   32   when they saw the boy. As they rode up, they   33   the king by taking off their hats.
“Well, my boy,” said King Henry, “which do you think is the king?”
“I don’t   34  ,” answered the boy humorously. “But it must be either you or I,   35   we both have our hats on.”
16. A. although B. because C. if D. while
17. A. forest B. castle C. store D. cave
18. A. tried B. promised C. seemed D. pretended
19. A. ride out B. set off C. run away D. fight back
20. A. help B. see C. attend D. challenge
21. A. find B. receive C. prepare D. wish
22. A. introduce B. leave C. take D. invite
23. A. sat B. hid C. rode D. lay
24. A. once B. always C. soon D. finally
25. A. remember B. recognize C. expose D. believe
26. A. fair B. funny C. special D. easy
27. A. put away B. take off C. pick up D. bring in
28. A. on B. away C. behind D. near
29. A. think B. understand C. mean D. doubt
30. A. Particularly B. Really C. Certainly D. Luckily
31. A. dancing B. waiting C. playing D. eating
32. A. relieved B. satisfied C. surprised D. inspired
33. A. praised B. visited C. approached D. greeted
34. A. know B. admit C. agree D. care
35. A. unless B. when C. but D. for
三、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项。
A
George Bernard Shaw said, “The British and the Americans are two nations divided by a common language.” Although both the countries officially speak English, both have branched off into different directions.
Americans, remember this — never say “butt (烟头)” in the UK. If you say “butt”, a UK native will guess you mean “but” and then think you are a typical crazy American who doesn’t know how to construct a simple sentence. UK natives, remember this — never say “fag (香烟)” in America. It is an expression that would hurt someone. If you mean “cigarette”, just say “cigarette”, “smoke”, or “cancer stick”. This is a part of the vocabulary differences between the words of the two countries. But you can also see there are big differences in meanings for the same word.
Do you notice I did something different with the quote marks in the paragraph below? In America, quote marks are double apostrophe (撇) — like marks (“”) while in the UK it’s just single (‘’). This is the most obvious difference. Another difference is what to call that little dot (小圆点) at the end of a sentence. In America, it’s called a period, but in the UK it’s a full stop.
Both Americans and UK natives have different rules for when to add “the”, “an” or “a” in front of a noun. For example, in America, you have to “go to the hospital”. But in the UK, you “go to hospital”. Another interesting difference is in adverb use. If something is really good, it’s “terribly good”. If something is bad, it’s “jolly rotten”. While in America, if something is bad, it’s “really bad”.
The differences between the countries will increase as time goes by, and you can find some yourselves.
36. According to the author, we can learn that _______.
 A. the difference between American and British English will disappear
 B. the difference between American and British English exists only in words
 C. American and British English develop separately
 D. marks are the biggest difference between American and British English 
37. In England if you say “butt”, the locals will _______.
 A. understand what it means B. think it is the end of a cigarette
 C. think you are going to beat them D. misunderstand your meaning 
38. Which of the following is correctly used in the USA? 
 A. Fag means cigarette while a period means the dot at the end of a sentence.
 B. Cancer stick stands for cigarette while a period for the dot at the end of a sentence.
 C. Fag means cigarette while a full stop means the dot at the end of a sentence.
 D. Cancer stick stands for cigarette while a full stop for the dot at the end of a sentence.
39. Americans and UK natives have different rules for ______.
 A. explaining the hospital 
 B. setting places where smoking is allowed
 C. placing the dot mark
 D. adding an article before a noun
40. “Jolly” in the UK is similar to “ _______ ” in America. 
 A. really   B. well  C. steadily D. rapidly
B
Tim Berners Lee has invented something that affects us all; it is used by millions of people all over the world. Tim Berners Lee has invented the World Wide Web.
He was born on June 8, 1955 in London. His parents were all computer geeks. As a matter of fact they met when they were working on the first computer to be commercially sold. It was natural that they encouraged Tim Berners Lee to think and work innovatively as he grew up. Tim Berners Lee was raised in London and studied at the Queen’s College at Oxford University.
Tim had inherited his parents’ gift for computer technology. In 1976 he set about building his own computer. One of the most common sights would be to find Tim lost in his work oblivious (未察觉的) to the world. Tim Berners Lee’s internet adventure started in the Swiss Alps. He was completing a six-month course as a software engineer at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, in Geneva. In 1980, he came up with a language called HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language). This has been adopted as the official language for the Internet.
The world got its first glimpse (一瞥) at the World Wide Web when Tim put up the first web site called info.cern.ch. It had equipment to produce a database of other web sites. People started putting up all kinds of information on the Internet. The number of Internet users was growing at a great speed. They were doubling in less than two months.
Tim’s greatness lies in the fact that he has not commercially gained from his idea. He never thought of applying for a patent (专利). In 1994 he founded World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science in Cambridge, Massachusetts. All technology standards from this institute are based on this free technology. According to Eric Schmidt, CEO of Novell, “If this were a traditional science, Tim would win a Nobel Prize.”
41. The underlined word “geeks” refers to people who _______.
 A. are addicted to something bad  B. have great talents for something
 C. have made great achievements  D. like to play computer games 
42. We can infer from the second paragraph that Tim ______.
 A. was greatly influenced by his parents
 B. was not interested in computer technology at first
 C. saw the potential of the computer from the beginning
 D. helped his parents invent the first commercially sold computer
43. Tim Berners Lee’s internet adventure started when ______.
 A. he saw his parents work on a computer    
 B. he was studying at college
 C. he was on holiday in Sweden   
 D. he was working with CERN
44. Tim Berners Lee is probably most admired for his _______.
 A. confidence B. determination C. selflessness D. luck
45. What is the text mainly about?
 A. The wide use of the Internet.  B. The life story of Tim Berners Lee. 
 C. How Tim Berners Lee created the World Wide Web.
 D. What the World Wide Web contributes to modern technology.
C
Ever since the breast cancer diagnosis (诊断), my wife had tried so hard to be strong for the kids and me. After six weeks, Becky was facing her final five treatments. She was weak and couldn’t find her usual fighting spirit. I felt so helpless and powerless to see her suffering. Once Becky told me she was okay, I left her to rest and went outside.
Having nothing to do, I decided to repair the front porch (门廊). There were some areas that needed to be replaced. As I got outside, long-held frustration (沮丧) and anger erupted in me like a volcano. I took a hammer and suddenly was swinging as hard as I could, and banging on the porch. I imagined the breaking of wood to be the breaking of my wife’s cancer. I couldn’t tear the cancer from her body, but I could destroy our front porch, imagining that with every bit of wood I destroyed, I was destroying her cancer.
Then I saw her standing at the window. The front porch was gone. I walked into our bedroom, not knowing how she would react to what I had done. “Becky, you aren’t mad at me, are you?” She looked at me in surprise. “Mad at you? For what?” I pointed to the front window. “For tearing down the porch,” She laughed. “Look how sunny this room is now. It’s brighter than before. I like it.”
I was relieved and embraced her, grateful to hear laughter. “Well, I couldn’t tear the cancer out of you, so I tore down the porch instead.” “Thanks, honey, for tearing down the porch.” Becky had a huge smile on her face. “You comforted me in my darkest hour, and you found a way to deal with your own frustration. By destroying the porch, you let the sunshine in, and not just into our bedroom.”
As I looked around the brightened room that day, I realized the light that filled the space was the light of hope that shines so brightly after the darkness. We never did rebuild the porch.
46. The writer’s wife attempted to be strong because she ______.
 A. didn’t want her family to feel her suffering
 B. knew that she would get more treatments
 C. expected to get more support from the family
 D. knew that her husband was very sick
47. The writer destroyed the front porch to ______.
 A. build a new one  B. express his frustration
 C. let in more sunshine D. show his anger with the treatment
48. What was the wife’s attitude toward the writer’s tearing down the porch?
 A. Indifferent. B. Curious. C. Opposed. D. Understandable.
49. The husband thought that ______.
   A. his wife would recover very soon
   B. his wife pretended to have a smile
 C. the sunshine in the room meant hope of survival
 D. the front porch affected his wife’s fighting spirit
50. From the text we can infer that ______.
 A. the wife was quite optimistic
 B. the husband felt guilty for his wife
 C. the wife asked her husband not to build the porch again
 D. the room was brighter and warmer than before
D
More than 3,000,000 people are at risk from indoor air pollution because of the heating or cooking fuels. Most live in Africa, India and China. They use fuels like wood, crop waste, animal waste or coal. These fuels may be the least costly fuels. But they are also a major cause of health problems and death.
For more than 30 years, the Aprovecho Research Center has been designing cleaner, low-cost cooking stoves. Dean Still is the director of the group and he points out that every year more than 1,500,000 people die from breathing smoke from solid fuels. “And half of the people use wood for cooking. These are the poorer people, and the richer people use oil and gas. It’s estimated that wood is running out more quickly than oil and gas. And so it’s very important for the poorer people to have very efficient stoves that protect their forests and their health,” he says.
Every year Aprovecho holds a “stove camp” at its testing station. Engineers, inventors and others come together to design and test different methods and materials for improving stoves. Over the years, the group has made stoves using mud, bricks, sheet metal, etc, most of which look like large, deep cooking pots and have an opening at the bottom for the fire and a place on top to put a pot.
In the late 1970s, Aprovecho produced a popular stove called the Lorena. The Lorena was very good at reducing smoke and warming homes. But new tests years later found that it was not very efficient. The Lorena used twice as much wood as an open fire, and took much longer to heat food. Since then, Dean Still says they have experimented with countless other designs.
Aprovecho has partnered with a stove manufacturer (制造商) in China. The company is making Aprovecho’s stoves. They are said to use 40% to 50% less wood than an open fire, and produce 50% to 75% less smoke. A company is selling them through its website for less than ten dollars. Dean Still says that more than 100,000 have been sold so far.
51. What’s the purpose of the first paragraph?
 A. To show many people are suffering from air pollution.
 B. To lay the foundations of introducing cooking stoves.
 C. To show the poverty of some developing countries.
 D. To introduce cheap fuels available to poor people.
52. It is implied in Dean Still’s words that ______.
 A. it’s urgent to change the present situation of using fuels
 B. the poor should be forbidden to cut down the forests
 C. the forests will disappear from the earth
 D. using fuels such as gas and oil cannot cause deaths
53. The stove camp is held every year in order to ______.
 A. encourage people to find new fuels
 B. test different methods for improving stoves
 C. find new ways of designing beautiful stoves
 D. celebrate the invention of the best efficient cooking equipment
54. How can you describe the popular stove called the Lorena?
 A. Energy-saving.         B. Very compact.   
 C. Less efficient.          D. Smokeless.
55. What is the best title of the text?
 A. Environmental improvement needs everybody’s effort
 B. How to make full use of fuels?
 C. Health problems related to cooking fuels
 D. Breathing easier: the art of stove making
四、书面表达(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 阅读表达(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,并回答问题(请注意问题后的词数要求)。 
[1] If you haven’t already blogged, you’re missing out on a potentially profitable chance to have some fun and inform readers about something you love. If you’re a business professional, blogging may also help you reach more customers. Read on to find out more.
[2] Why do people write blogs? Though you may have different thoughts on the reasons why people blog, I’ll offer you a list of reasons why people blog. I hope it will help you either start or further develop your own blog for personal or professional purposes.
[3] There are many people who blog for pay, but there are others who blog for fun. People generally blog about things they know and love, and so they see the act of blogging as an escape from their daily lives. Even freelance writers (自由撰稿人) who do nothing but write all day find blogging to be fun, because it can be a personal project requiring no client approval.
[4] Blogging is an excellent way to increase your income. It takes great time, effort, and dedication (奉献) to build a blog that will bring in enough money for you to live on. However, people who receive just a few dollars a month are excited because many of them have never intended to make money with their blogs. Many bloggers write their blogs to inform readers about a particular topic or issue surrounding their jobs and use advertisements to make money.
[5] Regardless of whether the blog is for profit or not, some people write blogs so others can read them. Some bloggers may have a larger target audience than others. So in the process of writing blogs, people are connecting with others who __________.
[6] There are many different blogging platforms and programs available to make the blogging process easy. WordPress is the most popular option because it’s free and offers great flexibility (灵活性). With a program such as Windows Live Writer, blogging couldn’t be easier for even beginners.
56. What’s the best title of the passage? (no more than 6 words)
 ___________________________________________________________
57. List three reasons why some people write blogs? (no more than 15 words)
 ___________________________________________________________
58. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper words. (no more than 6 words)
 ___________________________________________________________
59. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one?
 Many people have never dreamt of making money with blogs, so they feel excited when they get even a few dollars per month by means of their blogs.
 ___________________________________________________________
60. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 into Chinese.
 ___________________________________________________________
第二节 写作(满分30分)
假如你是董华。你的英国笔友Andy想利用业余时间学习汉语,他来信询问你如何才能学好汉语。请你根据以下要点提示给他写一封回信。
1. 每天坚持学习汉语; 2. 选择汉语在线课程; 3. 学唱汉语流行歌曲。
注意:
1. 词数120~150;2. 可适当增加细节;3. 参考词汇:课程course。
 

参考答案:
1-15    BCBBD     ADCDA     CABCC 
16-35    DACAB    DCABB     DBACC     BCDAD 
36-55    CDBDA    BADCC    ABDCA     BABCD
56. Why do people write blogs? / Why do people blog?
57. (1) For fun.
   (2) To tell readers something and make money.
   (3) To connect with others.
58. share a common interest
59. However, people who receive just a few dollars a month are excited because many of them have never intended to make money with their blogs.
60. 尽管你可能对人们为什么写博客有不同的看法,但我将给你提供一些人们为什么写博客的原因。
One possible version:
Dear Andy,
I’m glad that you’re going to learn Chinese in your spare time. Here are my suggestions on how to learn Chinese well.
First, keep on learning Chinese. Devoting one or two hours to learning it every day certainly makes a difference. The more time you spend learning and practicing Chinese, the more quickly you can learn it. Second, if you are not able to join a face-to-face class, the best choice is to learn online. There are quite a few websites that offer Chinese courses and from these sites you will get excellent resources to learn it. Last, listening to Chinese songs is another way to learn Chinese. You can look for some popular songs that interest you, and you will learn the variety of the language that you can’t find in the course.
If you work hard at it, you will become familiar with it. Good luck!
                                                                  Yours,
             Dong Hua

 


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