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中考英语试题分类汇编专题八、阅读理解(文化教育)  

2012-06-15 11:10:09|  分类: 【初中试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 中考英语试题分类汇编专题八、阅读理解(1)

 

考点一、文化教育(2010.江苏省无锡市.三、阅读理解A,每小题2分)

    In the early 1990s,the word”Internet”was strange to most people.But today,Internet has become a useful tool for people all over the world.Maybe Internet has been the greatest invention in the field of communication in the history of mankind(人类)

Communicating with others on the Internet is much faster.We can chat with a person who is sitting in the other part of the world.We can e-mail our friends and they can read the e-mails within a minute.

Giving all kinds of information is probably the biggest advantage of the Internet.We can use search engines to find the information we need.Just type in a keyword or keywords and the search engine will give us a list of suitable websites to look at.

We can enjoy a lot on the Internet by downloading games,visiting chat rooms or surfing (浏览)websites.There are some games for free.We can meet new and interesting people in the chat now.We can also listen to music and see films.

Now ,there is a lot of service on the Internet such as online banking ,job finding and ticket buying.We can also do shopping and find nearly all kinds of goods.Sometimes we can find something that is quite good but very cheap.

26.How many main advantages of the Internet are talked about in the passage?

A.Three.               B.Four.                  C.Five.                  D.Six.

27.What fact doesn’t the passage provide?

A.We can find almost anything we want to know on the Internet.

B.Some games on the Internet are free.

C.We can buy most things we need on the Internet.

D.Goods on the Internet are more expensive than those in real shops.

28.Which title best gives the main idea of the passage?

A.Online Shopping

B.Exchanging Information on the Internet

C.The Advantages of the Internet

D.Surfing the Websites on the Internet

答案: BDC

(2010.四川省自贡市 第 三部分 阅读理解B 满分10分)

You want to know about my staying in  America,right?Well,to tell you the truth,it is really an eye-opening experience study here.

In China,I had English classes five times a week since fifth grade.However,I didn’t know how different textbook English could be from everyday English until I came to Hotchkiss School,Conmecticut.  

When I first studied English,I was told to say, “I am fine.”when people say “How are you ?”But in the US,I found that people say, “I am good.”or “Ilm tired.”

One day ,someone greeted me with “What’s up ?”It ,made me confused.I thought for a moment and then smiled because I didn’t know what to say.

Since  then,I have discovered more and more differences between Chinese and US cultures.

To my surprise,US girls spend a lot of time in the burning sun to get a tan.However ,in China ,girls try every possible way to get their skin paler,or “whiter.”

I also  surprised by how hard-working .US students are.In China,schoolwork is almost everything ,so we study hard and that’ it.But here,a “good”student gets good grades,does a lot for the public and plays sports or music.

The kids here are so talented ,I am starting to be sorry that I gave up playing the piano at an early age and that I have never thought about sports.

61.According to the writer,textbook English is _________everyday English.

A.quite different from          B.the same as              C.more difficult than

62.What does the word “tan ”in the sixth paragraph mean in Chinese?

A晒黑                       B晒白                        C 能量

63.A good US student spends his/her time ________.

A.only in doing homework

B.only on sports or music

C.on studies ,sports or music and public work

64.Which of the following is NOT true?

A.The writer is now in US.

B.American girls love to have white skin.

C.US students are talented and hard-working.

65.Which is the best title for the passage?

A.My Own Travel in the US

B.My Studying in the USC.My Opinion about the US

答案:AACBB

(2010江苏省南京市 三、阅读理解D,10分)

People often say that the Englishman’s home is his castle.They mean that the home is very important and personal to him.Most people in Britain live in houses rather  than flats,and many people own their homes.This means that they can make them individual(个体的);they can paint them,and change them in any way they like.Most house have a garden,even if it is a very small one,and the garden is usually loved.The house and the garden are the private(私人的)space of the individual.

People usually like to mark their space.Are you sitting now in your home or on a train?have you marked the space around yourself as your?If you are on the train you may put your coat or small bag on the seat beside you.If you share a flat you may have one corner or chair which is your own.

Once I was travelling on a train to London.I was in a section for four people and there was a table between us .The man on the space on my side of the table at all. I was angry.Maybe he thought that he owned the whole table.I had read a book about non-verbal communication,so I took various papers out of my bag and put them on his briefcase!When I did this he stiffened and his eyes nearly popped(瞪出)out of his head.I had invaded(侵犯)his space!A few minutes later I took my papers off his case in order to read them.He immediately moved his case to his side of  the table.Of course,it is possible that he just wanted to be helpful to me!

If you are visiting another country you may feel that you don’t have any private space.Hotel rooms look much the same in every country in the world.All day long ,you share public spaces with o ther pople.You see the local people in their private spaces and you feel lonely and “outside”.Local people can create their private spaces by talking about things you don’t know about .And you even feel that they like you to be outside them so that they will enjoy being inside even more!This is one of the difficulties of being a traveler!But if you understand it then it helps you .Haven’t you enjoyed being part of a group and “owning”a bit of space?

41.The writer was angry as he was travelling on a train to London because______.

A.he had no place to sitB.someone had invaded his “space”

C.too many people shared a section with him

D.some other people talked about things he didn’t know about

42. “… you feel lonely and ‘outside’”in paragraph 4 means that_______.

A.you are alone outside the house

B.you feel lonely because you travel on your own

C.you are alone and therefore you go outside to have some fun

D.you feel lonely and you don’t belong to that place or that group of people

43.In Paragraph 4 ,the pronoun “them’refers to(所指) “___________”.

A.public spaces           B.private spaces          C.local people             D.other countries

44.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A.British people dislike marking their space.

B.You always feel at home in another country.  

C.Most British people prefer living in houses to flats.

D.You can’t mark your private space in a foreign country.

45.Tha main purpose of the passage is to tell readers to _______.

A.own private spaces by living in houses

B.have one corner of their own in public places

C.realize the importance of “space”in communication

D.create their private spaces by talking with local people

答案:BDCCC

(2010山东省潍坊市 四、阅读理解D,满分8分)

When I was a foreign teacher in China,every day I taught English to my students and they taught me about China.One day the topic turned to saying “I love you”.I was shocked to learn that not one of my students had said  this to their mothers,nor had their mothers said it to them. “Does your mom love you?” “Of course ,”they answered.

“How do you know ?”was my logical question.They responded that their mons cooked and always told  them what they were doing wrong to show  their caring.I was stunned .So mon’s cooking and criticzing read out as “I love you ”. “Then how do you say ‘I love you ’to her?”They agreed that getting good gradws,followed by god jobs would be how they showed their love.  come from a culture where most people are expressive enough,so I repeated these queries in classes over time.Gradually,I began to get different response.Some of them had exchanged those sentiments with their moms.

One of my favorite stories of change came from a girl.When she came home from university,her mother met her at the door and hugged(拥抱)her.This had never happened before,but her mom said, “Now that you have gone I have more time to myself.I noticed that in some places mothers and children hug each other and I decided it was a good idea and that I would begin hugging you.”

In my family we all say “I love you”a lot .While it is true that we often say the words without having great depth of feelings at that moment,it is almost like a blessing we give each other.Those three little words carry a world of meaning ,even when said as a greeting,but most especially if they are the last words we say to or hear from those we love. 52.The foreign teacher_______.

A.comes from America                     B.is a young woman

C.is expressive enough               D.knows much about China

53.Chinese people prefer to show love by________.

A.saying “I love you”            B.cooking

C.getting good grades                D.doing something helpful;

54.In paragraph 4,what’s the real meaning of the mom’s hugging?

A.She is meeting her daughter at the door.

B.She loves her daughter and misses her.

C.She is glad that she has more time  to herself

D.She finds it interesting to hug her daughter.

55.What’s the main idea of the passage?

A.Say “I love you”more to your family.

B.Say “I love you ”a lot to Chinese people .

C.Say “I love you ”as a greeting to others.

D.Say “I love you ”without great depth of feelings.

答案:CDBA

(2010湖南省娄底市)www.zk5u.com中考资源网阅读下面的短文,并做后面的题目,从A、B、C 3个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成句子的最佳答案。www.zk5u.com中考资源网(10分)www.zk5u.com中考资源网

Every year there is a Spring Festival in China. Usually it is in January or February. It is the most important festival in China. So before it comes, everyone has to prepare things. They buy pork, beef, chicken, fruits and many other things. And they often make a special kind of food—“dumplings”. It means “come together”. On the day before the festival, parents buy new clothes for their children. Children also buy presents for their parents. On the Spring Festival Eve(除夕)www.zk5u.com中考资源网, all the family members come back to their hometown. This is a happy moment. Some sing and dance, some play cards and others get the dinner ready. When they enjoy the meal, they give each other the best wishes for the coming year. They all have a good time.

26. Which is the most important festival in China?  

A. The Mid-Autumn Festival.   B.The Spring Festival. C.Children’s  Day.

27. When is the Chinese Spring Festival usually celebrated?

A. In March or April.   B. In May or June.  C. In January or February.

28.          is the special kind of food for the Spring Festival in China.

A. Chicken  B. Dumpling  C. Fish

29. What’s the meaning of the food “dumplings” for Chinese people in the Spring Festival?  

A. Look up.   B. Help yourself.  C. Come together.

30. The family         when they are having dinner together on the Spring Festival Eve.

A. give each other the best wishes 

B. buy each other presents

C. sing, dance and play cards【答案】26—30 BCBCA

(2010 .河北省卷,Ⅶ.  阅读理解  计 10 分

More and more people like bicycling and it is no surprise. It is fun, healthy and good for the environment. Maybe that’s why there are 1.4 billion bicycles and only 400 million cars on roads

worldwide today. Bikes can take you almost anywhere, and there is no oil cost!

Get on a bicycle and ride around your neighbourhood. You may discover something new all around you. Stopping and getting off a bike is easier than stopping and getting out  of your car. You  can  bike  to  work  and  benefit  (受益)  from  the  enjoyable  exercise  without  polluting  the environment. You don’t even have to ride all the way.

Folding (折叠) bikes work well for people who ride the train. Just fold the bike and take it with you. You can do the same on an airplane. A folding bike can be packed in a suitcase. You can also take a common bike with you when you fly. But be sure to look for information by getting on airline websites. Not all airlines are bicycle-friendly to travellers.

Health Benefits of Bicycling:

?  It helps to prevent heart diseases. ?  Bicycling helps to control your weight.

    A 15-minute bike ride to and from work three times a week burns off five kilos of fat in a year.

?  Bicycling can improve your mood (心情).

Exercise  like  bicycling  has  been  shown  to  make  people  feel  better,  more  relaxed  and self-confident.

?  Bicycling is healthier than driving.

56. From the passage, we know that bicycling is becoming very      .

A. surprising   B. exciting      C. expensive   D. popular

57. When you are riding your bicycle around your neighbourhood, you may  .

A. pollute the environment around B. find something you didn’t notice

C. go everywhere and use a little oil      D. get off your bike and begin to work

58. If you travel with a folding bike, you can fold it and _ .

 A. get out of the car     B. take it onto a train

C. put it in your purse    D. go on airline websites

59. One of the benefits from bicycling is that     .

A. you can fold the bicycle    B. you will be friendly to others

C. you will be more relaxed   D. you may get fatter and fatter

60. Which is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Bicycling is enjoyable exercise for people. B. Driving cars is healthier than riding bikes.

 C. Riding a bike pollutes your neighbourhood. D. Common bikes are welcomed by all airlines.

 【答案】DBBCA

(2010.四川省内江市 第三部分  阅读理解A  10分)

Are you interested in country music?I like it very much !It will take me away for a while after I am tired .The guitars and songs will take me to mountains and fields.

Country music usually talks of everyday life and feelings.It’s the spirit of America ,easy to understand ,slow and simple.

Country music developed in the Southern United States.It was the folk music of American countryside.Many of songs tell about the lives of famers .They talk about love,crops or death. The life of the countryside can be hard,so the words in country music are often sad.At first,people played the music only at family parties.But it became more popular later.In the 1920s,people played country songs on the radio,and they made them into records. 

When people in the countryside moved to towns and cities to look for work,they took their music with them.Country music continued to change and became popular across America.

John Denver was one of America’s most famous country singers in the 1970s.His song “Take Me home,Country Roads”is well-known and people still play it today.

51.Country music is usually about _______.

A.everyday life and feelings        B.farmers’s feelings             C.the lives of workers

52.Country music developed ________.

A.in John Denver’s city

B.in the Southern United StatesC.in  the Northem United States

53.People bagan to make country song records _______.

A.in the 1920s                    B.in 1920                    C.in the 1970s

54.Why did Country music become popular in America?

A.Because city people liked the music.

B.Because farmers moved  to cities with their music and it continued to change.

C.Because country music talked about city people’s lives.

55.Who is famous for the song “Take Me Home,Country Roads”?

A.A farmer in the countryside.           B.A person who moved to towns

C.John Denver. 【答案】BBABC

(2010.四川省内江市 第三部分  阅读理解C 10分)

My mother was telling me about how she and her family got their first television when she was a teenager.Of course it was black and white.She said she only watch it at night.She doesn’t remember over watching it in the morning or afternoon.When I was young we had only about 3 or 4 different channels.My bothers ,my sisters and I would sometimes fight about which channel to watch.But we usually enjoyed the same shows.

Nowadays we can get hundreds of channels on TV.I can’t believe it!There are channels with old movies,cooking ,fishing and so on.It’s amazing!There is a channel for everything.I wonder how much my bothers,my sisters and I would fight if we had hundreds of channels when I was a child.Of course we had only one television set.These days I notice families with 2 or 3 or more television sets in their homes.I guess it stops people from arguing over which channel to choose from .

61.In those days,what kind of television sets did people only have?

A.Black and white ones.                          B.Colors Ones.                 

C.All kinds of televison sets.

62.My mother watched TV ________when she was young.

A.in the morning          B.in the afternoon C.at night

63.Nowadays,how many channels can we g et on TV?

A.3 or 4 different channels. B.Only once channel           C.Hundreds of channels.

64.When I was a teenager ,my brothers ,my sisters and I usually enjoyed______.

A.four shows        B.the same shows C.different show

65.Which of the following in NOT true ? A.My bother ,my sisters and I would sometimes fight about which channel to watch when I was a child. 

B.These days,there is only one channel with old movies,cooking and fishing.

C.People have many channels to choose from now.

【答案】ACCBB

(2010山东省潍坊市 四、阅读理解B,满分8分)

When we talk about stars ,especially women stars ,it seems that they are always young,pretty and own charming body shapes.But recently a Britain’s Got Talent(英国达人)star Susan Boyle has changed our views absolutely.

Simon Cowell ,one of the judges of the talent show spoke of his shock over Ms Boyle’s voice. “This lady camp up ,and I’m thinking, ‘This will take five seconds and I can go to have a cup of tea’.That changed when she began to sing I Dreamed to Dream from Les Miserables.She knew we were going to have that reaction and just to see that look of satisfaction on her face widway through –it was one of my favorite moments,”Cowell said. The performance was posted on line and before long,the 47-year-old Scottish woman has been famous all over the world.

Speaking from her home in Scotland,Ms Boyle said that she hasn’t thought of changing her appearance.She said that her friend helped her with make-up. “I mean,that’s hardly a makeover,”she added.

Ms Boyle also spoke of the reason she first began  to explore her vocal talents, “I was kind of slow at school,so getting like singing was a good way of hiding behind that and thus it built my confidence.”

44.Susan Boyle is 

A.a judge                    B.a reporter                 C.a beautiful         D.a Scottish woman

45.Susan Boyle had a look of satisfaction on her face when she was singing because______.

A.she was confident of her singing

B.she was satisfied with the judges

C.she was pretty and in good shape 

D.she sang the song I Dreamed a Dream from Les Miserables

46.According to the passage,which is NOT true?

A.It was the vocal talents that built Susan’s confidence

B.Susan Boyle was not good at her lesson when at school.

C.Susan Boyle became famous because of her appearance.

D.Simon Cowell didn’t think Susan Boyle a good singer at the first sight.

47.What can we learn from Susan Boyle’s success

A.It’s never too old to learn.

B.It’s easier to succeed at the age of 47.

C.If you have a dream,try to make it come true!

D.If you are not able to study well,to be a singer instead.

【答案】DACC

(2010山东省潍坊市 四、阅读理解C,满分8分)

Expo 2010 is held in Shanghai from May 1to October 31.People all over the world are looking forward to it.Here are several golden rules on how to best plan your trip. 

Rule 1:Do your homework

Read everything you can before going.Really study the maps .Know the pavilions.Arrive at the entrance nearest to the things you want to see.Have a plan.It will make a big difference.

Rule 2:Allow plenty of time 

Expo 2010 is the largest attraction event in the history of the world.It will take many days too see it.Plan to spend from five to eight days of more seeing it.

Rule 3:Pace yourself

Expo is enormous .The distances are punishing .It is better to spend a day seeing a single area than  to run back and forth all over the site.Remember to wear the most comfortable shoes.Never mind what they look like.

Rule 4 :Get going in May 

At many Expos the crowds are smaller in May and in early June than any other  time.And beware the last two weeks.During every Expo,people delay their visits and then in early October they suddenly realize. “Expo will close soon! I haven’t seen it!”As a result ,the last several weeks usually have the most crowed days of the entire Expo.  

Rule 5 :Find out what everyone else is doing –and do the opposite

If you don’t like large crowds and long lines,do the opposite.Here is an axample:Most people go on Saturdays or on holidays .So avoid Saturdays and holidays.Go on weekdays when most people are at work.

Rule 6 :Turn up

Expo 2010 is the largest celebration in China’s history-am amazing once –in-a-lifetime event.When it is  gone and it will never be seen again.So whatever you do,don’t miss it!

48.Expo 2010 will last ________.

A.five to eight days                    B.several weeks          C.six months         D.a year

49.According to Rule 4,you’d better not go to Expo on________.

A.May 3                            B.July 5                C.September 16          D.October 20

50.When there are lots of people waiting in line to see the most popular attractions ,what’s your best choice?

A.I’ll wait in line as other people do.

B.I’ll go back and return tomorrow.

C.I’ll visit the less crowded places instead.

D.I’ll sit on a bench to have a rest for about two or three hours.

51.In Rule 6 “turn up” here means __________.

A.don’t miss it                                  B.come and see          

C.make the sound louder                  D.never be seen again

 

 

 

 

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