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初中英语动词变名词、动词变形容词方法归纳  

2012-06-16 16:34:55|  分类: 【教学资料】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 初中英语动词变名词、动词变形容词方法归纳  


动词变名词小结

1.在词尾加er,r ,双写加er 或or:

A. play _ player, sing _ singer, wait _ waiter , find _ finder,

thrill _ thriller

B. write _ writer, drive _ driver, come _ comer, explore _ explorer

dance _ dancer

C. run _ runner, win _ winner, rob _ robber, traval _ travaller

D. visit _ visitor, invent _ inventor

2. 在词尾加ing:

build _ building, draw _ drawing, end _ ending, begin _ beginning,

swim _ swimming, skate _ skating, feel _ feeling, say _ saying,

mean _ meaning, cross _ crossing, surf _ surfing, paint _ painting

3.在词尾加ion 或去e加ion:

A. decide _ decision, describe _ description, produce _ production,

celebrate _ celebration,pronounce _ pronunciation, decorate _ decoration

graduate _ graduation,frustrate - frustration,pollute _ pollution

contribute _ contribution, congratulate _ congratulation,

educate _ education,organize _ orgnization,donate _ donation,

appreciate _ appreciation,operate _ operation, invite _ invitation

B. discuss _ discussion, invent _ invention, attract _ attraction

impress _ impression,inject _ injection,instruct _ instruction

4.其它:

know _ knowledge, please _ pleasure, enjoy _ enjoyment,

practise _ practice, die _ death, succeed _ success, weigh _ weight,

sit _ deat, change _ chance,enter _ entrance,fly _ flight,

rob _ robbery, discover _ discovery,faile _ failure,appear _ appearance,

breathe _ breath

动词变形容词小结

1.词尾加ful:

use - useful, care - careful, help - helpful,thank - thankful

peace - peaceful, forget - forgetful, play - playful,

succeed - successful, wonder - wonderful

2.词尾加d或ed:

please - pleased, unite - united, excite - excited,

surprise - surprised, organize - organized, close - closed,

wound - wounded, relax - relaxed,develop - developed,

appreciate - appreciated,frustrate - frustrated,

interest - interested, annoy - annoyed, use - used,

frighten - frightened, crowd - crowded, thrill - thrilled,

pollute - polluted

3.词尾加ing:

interest - interesting, surprise - surprising, excite - exciting

develop - developing, frighten - frightening,thrill - thyrilling

frustrate - frustrating, relax _ relaxing, live - living

rock - rocking, sleep - sleeping

4.词尾变y为i,加ed:

worry - worried, marry - married,fry - fried, terrify - terrified

satisfy - satisfied

5.词尾加able:

know - knowledgeable, enjoy - enjoyabe,suit - suitable

adjust - adjustable, comfort - comfortable

6.其它:

lose - lost, fool - foolish, live - lively / alive /living,

sleep - sleepy / sleeping / asleep,wake - awake, taste - tasty

speak - spoken, break - broken, die - dead, educate - aducational,

world - worldwide   


 

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