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初中英语延续性动词与非延续性动词转换练习  

2012-06-16 16:30:57|  分类: 【初中试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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初中英语延续性动词与非延续性动词转换练习

 

动词按其动作发生的方式、发生过程的长短可分为延续性动词与非延续性动词。

    一.延续性动词表示能够延续的动作,如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。延续性动词可以与表示时间段的状语连用。

    表示时间段的短语有:for+一段时间,for 2 years; since从句,since he came here; since+时间点名词,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。

   二.非延续性动词也称终止性动词、瞬间动词,表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。 如:open, die, close, begin, finish, come, go, move, borrow, lend, buy等。

非延续性动词在肯定句中与表示时间点的状语连用,如:two years ago; at 5 o'clock;

 否定的终止性动词可以与表示时间段的时间状语连用。

三.延续性动词与非延续性动词之间的转换:leave --- be away, borrow --- keep, buy --- have,   begin/start --- be on,   die --- be dead,  finish --- be over,  join --- be in+组织机构, be a member of+组织机构,  open sth --- keep sth open,  fall ill ---  be ill,  get up---be up,   catch a cold --- have a cold,  come here --- be here, go there --- be there,   become --- be,   come back --- be back,  fall asleep --- be asleep,  get to/ arrive/reach --- be (in),  leave --- be away from,  get to know --- know, go (get) out →be out,  put on→ wear;catch a cold →have a cold等。   例:The old man died 4 years ago.  ----The old man has been dead for 4 years.    ---- It is 4 years since the old man died.  ----Four years has passed since the old man died.       He joined the Party 2 years ago.   -----He has been in the Party for 2 years.      I bought the book 5 days ago.  ---- I have had the book for 5 days.

补充练习:

1.      When he arrived at the bus stop, the bus ________ for 20 minutes.

A. has left    B. had left   C. has been away     D. had been away

2. I ______ the League for 5 years so far.  

A. joined    B. have joined   C. have been in

3.      The factory ________ since the February of 1988.  

A . has been open  B. has opened   C. was open   D. opened

4.      Mary and Rose _______friends since they met in 2000.  

A. have made  B. have been  C. made    D. have become

5.You mustn't ________ until he comes back.    

A. be away   B. leave   C. be left

6.The meeting  _______ for a week now. 

A. has finished   B. has ended  C. has been over

7.Miss Gao ______ this school for nearly 5 years. 

A. has been in  B. has come to  C. has taught

8.Ben ______ a teacher for 4 years . 

A. has been  B. has become  C. was    D. became

9. I ______ home for a week.   

A. have returned   B. have been back   C. returned

10. How long _______ he ________ ? 

A. died    B. has, died   C. has, been dead

11. He ______ at eight yesterday afternoon.

A. slept    B. was sleeping   C. has sleep   D. had slept

12.He ________ the car for a week.  

A. bought    B. has bought   C. has had 

13.-----How long _____ you _____ ill ? -----Two weeks. 

A. did fall   B. have, fell  C. have, been

14.Since 2000, he _____ his hometown. 

A. has left   B. has moved away   C. has been away from

15.I'll lend you the book , but you can only _____ it for 2 days. 

A. borrow   B. keep   C. take

16.The bus ______ on the road for 2 hours so far.  

A. has stopped   B. stopped   C. has been

17.Are you _____ the jacket these days?    

A. wearing    B. putting on  C. dressing   D. on

18.He ________ foe 2 hours. 

A. got up   B.  has got up    C. has been up

19. Tom is ill in hospital. He _______ a cold for several days.

A. is      B. catches   C. has caught    D. has had

20.----- How long can I ______ the book?    ------ Two weeks.

A. borrow    B. lend   C. get    D. keep

 

1---5 D C A B B;  6---10 C A A B C;   11---15 B C C C B;   16---20 C A C D D


 

 

 

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