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全国各地中考英语试题分类汇编--选词填空(2)  

2012-06-17 10:26:28|  分类: 【初中试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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全国各地中考英语试题分类汇编--选词填空(2)

 

【2011?山东青岛】B. 选择恰当的单词填空,将答案填写在文章下面的横线上,每词限用一次(有两个是多余的)(8分)< xmlnamespace prefix ="o" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />


anyway, impossible, succeed, another, no, six, once, plan, after, because


When he decided to produce his V-8 motor, Henry ford chose to make an eight- cylinder (汽缸) engine-block in one piece. But the engineers said that was 8___________

Ford said, "Produce it ______9_____."

"But," they replied, "it is impossible."

."Go ahead," Ford said, "and stay on the job until you   10   , no matter how much time is

required."

Six months passed and nothing happened. Another   11     months passed, and still nothing

happened, The engineers tried every possible   12    to carry out (执行)the orders , but lire request (要求) seemed impossible.

At the end of the year, the engineers again informed Ford they had found _ 13 way to carry out his orders.

"Go right ahead," said Ford. "I want it, and I'll have it."

They went ahead, and then, as if by a stroke (轻触) of magic, the secret was discovered. Ford had won   14 more!

 Henry Ford was successful      15   one of his principles of success is that he believe what

he wants. If you can do this, you can equal (与……相当) your achievements in any calling for which you are suited.

8. ______________  9. _____________ 10. _______________      11._____________

12.______________ 13 . _____________ 14. _________________     15. _______________

 

8.impossible           9. anyway         10. succeed           11. six  

12. plan               13. another        14. once              15.because

 

 

【2011?山东青岛】Ⅶ.综合填空 (共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

A. 用所给词的适当形式填空,每空限用一次。(7分)


copy,  rise,  experience, save,  regard… as…,  mention,  be


1. _______ careful to look both ways before you cross the sheet.

2. —I___ my money so I can buy a car.

 — So am I.

3. Good boy! You're doing such a good job of____ materials for me.

4. The old teacher used to get up before the sun _____so that he could catch the early bus to work.

5. Every baby_____ the apple of the parents' eye.

6. As a volunteer, she___________ love and hate, sadness and happiness in. the

past ten years.

7. He thinks it necessary____________ his sister in his speech, who has supported

him in his university study.

1. Be

2. am saving

3. copying

4. rose

5. is regarded as

6. has experienced

7. to mention

 

 

 

【2011温州】四、词汇运用(本题有15 小题,每小题1分,共15分)

A.用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次。

nearly  busy  milk  herself  wear

41. My parents are very   ▲   every day except weekends.

42. If you don’t sleep well, you can drink some   ▲   before you go to bed.

43. She often    ▲   a white dress. White is her favorite.

44. Sussan cooked dinner for   ▲   when she studied in Canada.

45. I have learned English for   ▲   10 years and I’m very good at it.

41. busy  42. milk  43. wears  44. herself  45.nearly

 

 

 

【2011浙江衢州】B.用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空。每词限用一次。

quiet  second  center  million   go

           

71. The Internet joins _____of computers all over the world.

72. It’s so ______in the park! I can hardly hear the traffic in the streets and no one is shouting.

73. I’m looking forward to _____to the Forbidden City with my parents.

74. Vien is the capital city of Australia and the ______of European classical music.

75. China is now the third country, after the Soviet Union and the US, to _____ a person into space.

71. millions【解析】millions of 意为“数百万的”。

72. quiet 【解析】句意为“公园里如此的安静! 我几乎听不到街道上的车辆,没有人大声喊叫。”

73. going 【解析】look forward to doing sth. 因为“期望做某事”。

74. center/centre 【解析】句意为“维也纳是奥地利的首都,并且是古典音乐的中心。”

75. send【解析】句意为“中国是继美国和苏联之后的第三个把人送入太空的国家。”

 

 

【江西省2011】(B)请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中选出最恰当的10个,用其适当形式填空白,并将答案写在答题卷的相应位置。每个词限用一次。(每小题1分)

so  start easy  badly  someone  difficult if   thank   class    reporter    medical  succeed

 

 

Proving Them Wrong!

I' m John Wood, a doctor at a famous Boston hospital. During the first two years of high< xmlnamespace prefix ="v" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" /> < xmlnamespace prefix ="w" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" />school, I found biology very 56 . My report cards always said things like "must study harder" or "John shouldn't choose science 57 ." It was really terrible for 58 who had always dreamed of becoming a doctor. I lost confidence, so I left high school x j at sixteen and   59   working at a supermarket.

One evening I saw a documentary about Albert Einstein. According to the documentary, Einstein had done really 60 at school. I began to think that Einstein could 61 , then I may have a chance, too. I didn't want to leave my job, 62 I decided to go to night school to finish high school. Two years later, I went to a   63 university.

I've often thought I should contact the   64   the Einstein documentary

and   65   him. As for the biology teacher, I might contact her, too, one day - but not to thank her!

【主旨大意】梦想成为医生的“我”,由于生物学得不好,在老师一句“不适合学理科”评价下,“我”失去信心。然而从爱因斯坦成功事例的鼓舞下,“我”梦想成真。一句话可以成就一个人,也可毁掉一个人。

56. difficult 根据下文“成绩单总是写着‘应努力学习’”可生物对作者来说很难。

57.classes 句意为“不应选择理科”

58.someone 对梦想成为医生的人来说很糟糕

59.started 离开学习开始在超市上班。

60.badly 根据文献爱因斯坦在学校曾经学的很糟。

61.succeed 爱因斯坦能成功,我可能还有机会。

62.so 连词的考察“由于我不想丢掉工作,因此我决定上夜校。”

63.medical 根据上文梦想成为医生,所以应为“上医学院”

64.reporter 我应联系爱因斯坦文献的记者

65.thank我应联系爱因斯坦文献的记者并谢谢他。

【2011贵州安顺】B. 选择方框中的词组填空,有一项多余。


pay attention to; be good for; from now on; be bad for; chat with; are very proud of


 

 

 

6. These days I hardly have time to _____ my friends on the Internet.

7. Thank for your help, more and more pupils can enjoy free lunch at school ______.

8. Li Na has won the tennis champion in France, we ______ her.

9. Tom asked his mother what to _____ when he cooked fish.

10. Don’t eat a lot of sweet food. It will ______ your health.

答案:6. chat with 7. from now on8. are very proud of 9. pay attention to       10. be bad for

B. 用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使短文正确、通顺、连贯(每词限用一次)。

    job, chance, fourth, why, live, easy, honest, good, in order to, come out

 

 

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. I'm here today to share a good lesson with you. It is a true story about an overseas student   < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />71    in Germany.

After years of hard work, this student graduated with amazing achievements. Everyone thought he was going to get a good   72    easily and have a bright future. But to his disappointment, he was not even given the   73    for an interview! The third time he was refused, he couldn't help telephoning the company to ask   74    they didn't want him. The answer was simple. “ We don't offer jobs to   75    people in Germany.”

What was wrong, you might wonder? The truth is, shortly after he arrived in Germany, this clever student found that it was   76    to skip buying subway tickets. So   77    save money, he often went without a ticket. As a result, he had been caught without a ticket in the subway   78    times.

From this story, we learn that we may get short-term benefits in dishonest ways, but the truth will   79    sooner or later and the cost is high. So remember: honesty is the   80    rule.

That's all for my speech. Thank you!

【主旨大意】这是一篇演讲稿。通过一个生动的例子告诉大家一个道理:我们可以用不诚实的方式获取短期的利益,但迟早会真相大白,并为此付出高昂的代价。诚实才是上策。

答案:71. living 现在分词作定语,修饰 student

72. job 前一句说该学生取得了惊人的成绩,都认为他能有一份好工作(job)和光明未来。

73. chance 句意:他甚至没有被给面试的机会。

74. why .why引导的宾语从句表示原因。

75. dishonest由下文知那个学生4次逃票,所以是不诚实的。

76. easy 句意:...发现逃票很容易。注意句型:It is +adj.+to do sth.

77. in order to  句意:...为了节省钱,他经常逃票。

78. four   four times 四次。注意用基数词

79. come out 。   “the truth will come out ”将会真相大白。

80. best .  “honesty is the best rule”诚实才是上策。注意the后的最高级形式。

【2011?四川成都】五、选择填空。(共25小题,每小题1分;计25分)

A. 从下面方框中选出与下列各句中划线部分意思相同或相近,并能替换划线部分的选项。(共4小题,每小题1分;计4分)

A. flies    B. as for    C. gets lost    D. says

26. The radio reports that there will be another strong wind in South China.

27. Well, talking about my study, I'd like to begin with my English learning.

28. Little Kim usually loses her way in the city.

29. Time goes by quickly! ,

答案:26 - 39 DBCA

【2011?四川成都】九、从方框中选择恰当的短语,用其正确形式填空。(共5小题,每小题1分;计5分)

kind of        rum off        make up        break off        in the way

76. He went to bed after he             all the lights.

77. Singing and short plays             most of the programs in the English Evening yesterday.

78. John doesn't get along well with his friends because he is              pushy.

79. Both of the businessmen felt sorry as their talk             without an agreement.

80. Smoking and sleeping late can get             of your health.

答案:76. turned off     77. made up    78. kind of    79. broke off    80. in the way

 

二、短文填空。用下面方框中单词或词组的适当形式填如短文空格内,使短文意思正确、通顺(每词限用一次)。(共10小题,每小题1分;计10分)

all   any   behave   difference   drink  eat   enjoy    fine   other   real   surprise these

Once there was a teacher who took all his students for tea. What made the students    1   was that all the cups on the table were   2   . Each of them took a cup and started   3  their own tea, looking at the   4   cups.

The teacher said; "Do you notice your   5  ? You are all looking at each other's tea cups and   6   of you even envy (羡慕) the   7   cups of others." Then he went on: "I put the different cups here on purpose! Life is like    8   tea. You all have the same thing in your cups— tea. And yet you can't   9   enjoy it in your envy of another's cup. You forget   10   your own life when you envy someone else's life. So now, taste your own tea! Does it matter from which cup it comes from?"

【主旨大意】这是一篇哲理短文。通过老师带学生们喝茶使用不同的茶具,导致学生们只顾茶具而忽视了茶的味道这件事,告诉同学们一个人生哲理:只顾羡慕别人的生活而忽视了自己的生活乐趣。

答案:1. surprised      2. different      3. drinking      4. others'       5. behavior 6. some      7. finer      8. this      9. really      10. to enjoy

【泸州市2011】短文填空 (共10小题,每小题1分, 满分10分)

通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后面的括号内选出可以填入短文空格处的词,并将所选次的相应字母代号填入答题蓝中对应题号后的横线上,不能答在机读卡上。

Zhang Qin is a nineteen-year-old young man. Two years ago, when he __46__ middle school, he found work in a shop. Usually he worked __47__ nine o’clock in the evening. When he got home, he always felt very tired. After a quick supper he went to bed and fell __48__. So he never made any noise and his grandfather was very pleased with him.

One day he went back from work a little __49__. On his way home he met Li Jun, one of his __50__. They were both very happy. Zhang Qin asked Li Jun to his house, and Li Jun agreed. Li Jun __51__ some fruit and drink. They talked about their school, their teachers, their classmates and their __53__. They talked for a long time.

“ Have a look at your watch, please.” Said Li Jun, “ What’s the time now?”

“ Sorry, there is something wrong with my watch.” Said Zhang Qin. “ Where is __53__?”

“ I __54_ it at home.”

Zhang Qin thought for a moment and found a way. He began to jump on the floor.

The sound woke his grandfather up. The old man shouted __55__. “ It’s twelve o’clock,Zhang Qin. Why are you still jumping upstairs?“

( A. asleep B. future(s) C. downstairs D. finished E. until F. classmates G. left H. earlier I. brought J. yours )

46._______ 47. ________ 48. ______ 49. _______ 50. ________ 51. ________ 52. ________ 53. _______ 54. ______ 55. ________

【主旨大意】本文讲述了一位年轻人张勤,偶然邂逅了同班同学李军,并邀请李军去家中。他们尽兴地谈到了学校、老师与将来。时间不早了,但是不知道几点。于是张勤想出了办法:大跳了起来,吵醒了楼下的爷爷:“十二点了,为什么你还在楼上大跳呢?”。

46.D 考查动词。句意“当他结束了中学学业”,即毕业的时候.

47.E考查连词。连词till意为“直到”。句意:通常在晚上他工作直到九点钟。

48.A考查固定短语。Fall asleep 意为“入睡”是固定短语。

49.H考查形容词。根据后文可知:回家比平时早了一点,故用earlier。

50.F考查名词。根据后文:他们谈起了学校、老师。故可推知句意:李军是他的一个同班同学。

51. I考查动词。句意:李军买了一些水果与饮料。

52. B考查名词。句意:他们谈起了学校、老师与将来。

53.J考查名词性无助代词。yours=your watch。

54. G考查固定用法。leave sth +地点。意为:把……忘在……地方。

55.C 考查副词。根据最后一句话:为什么你还在楼上大跳呢?可推知:声音来自楼下。

   downstairs意为“楼下地”。

(2011四川绵羊)阅读下面短文,然后根据短文内容补全答题卡上对应表格中所缺失的信息,每空不超过2个词或数字。

True or false? Only old women knit.

Not anymore!Knitting has now become a fashionable hobby with women in their 20s and 30s. Young women can be seen knitting in coffee shops, hairdressers, bookstores, and bus stops, and Hollywood stars like Julia Roberts, Cameron Diaz, Madonna, and Gwyneth Paltrow all knit. They are knitting scarves, hats, socks, and sweaters—even bikinis and wedding dresses!

Knitting is being called the "new yoga". It is very relaxing and is the perfect hobby for our busy, stressful, 21st-century lives. It slows down your heart and lowers your blood pressure. Lissy Blomster, a 25-year-old buyer from New York, says "I come home from work mad and stressed almost every day. But after 30 to 45 minutes of knitting, I'm totally relaxed. " Jenny Carter, a 32-year-old advertising executive from Seattle, always knits through her lunch break. "It helps me clear my head and start fresh," she says.

Even some men are taking up knitting. Dave White, a 33-year-old IT manager from San Francisco, started knitting six months ago, after a woman friend introduced him to it. " I like knitting because I can go into my own little world and forget about my problems," he says. But he has not told any of his men friends that he knits, and he never knits in public. Brian Duffey, however, a 26-year-old student from Chicago, said, "I knit anywhere, everywhere. I have never had a negative comment… in fact, I find it attracts women. "

第二节:选词填空(共10小题,每小题2分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,根据文中意思,从方框中选词恰当的词,并在答题卡上对应题号后面的横线上写出各单词的完整、正确的形式,使短文文理通顺,意义完整。

example , mean , most , also , other , around , eat , movie , it , and

 

Most of us have probably heard of Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and many 66 famous Disney characters. Perhaps we have even seen them in 67 But have you ever been to Disneyland? In fact, there are now several different Disneyland amusement parks    68   the world.

Disneyland is an amusement park, but we can 69 call it a theme park. It has all the normal attractions that you can find at an amusement park, but 70 also has a theme. The theme, of course, is Disney movies and Disney characters. For 71 , you can find a roller coaster in 72 amusement parks, but in Disneyland, the theme of the roller coaster is Disney characters. This 73 that you can find Disney characters all over the roller coaster. You can also watch Disney movies, 74 in Disney restaurants, 75 buy Disney gifts. And you can see Disney-characters walking around Disneyland all the time!

66. other 67 movies  68. around  69. also  70. it  71. example  72. most   73. means  74. eat  75. and

【2011新疆阜康】五、综合填空(共10空,计10分)

根据短文意思,用方框内的词选择性填空,使句子意思完整。

注意:1每个词只能用一次。   2.有些词要根据需要做适当的词性变化  3.所给词中有两个多余。(每空1分,共10分)

they  free  until  busy  quite  good  finish  learn  luck  enough  many

Most people have their jobs. They go to work nearly every day. Some people are 1_________.Either they have very interesting jobs or they make a lot of money. Most people are not so lucky. Either their jobs are not very interesting or they don’t make 2_________ money. The most interesting jobs are often the most difficult. People spend a long time 3_________ how to do them. Doctors study for at least six years after 4_________ school.

Some young people have interesting and high-pay jobs. Many young players do their work successfully. Football and tennis stars are usually under 35 years old. Older people usually cannot play these sports very 5__________. They cannot move fast 6___________. Golf, however, is a good sport for older people. Many golf players are 7__________ old. But they can play it successfully.

Most people work 8_____________ they are 60 or 65 years old. Then they retire(退休) and have a lot of 9____________ time. Some people never retire though. These people usually have very interesting jobs. Writers, artists, scientists and actors usually work until they die. Their work is 10___________ life.

1.lucky, 2. much  3.learning  4. finishing  5.well  6.enough  7.quite  8. until  9. free  10. their


 

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