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中考英语综合填空题及答案详解  

2012-06-16 16:25:31|  分类: 【初中试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语综合填空题及答案详解  

 


(一)

在短文的空格内填入适当的词。使其内容通顺,首字母已给。每空格限填一词。

Bedtime stories are one of the delights(喜悦) of early childhood. But a________(1) to Dr. Julie Spreadbury from Queensland, parents s________(2) not speed up reading to their children after they entered primary school. She says listening to, reading and d________(3) the stories help

children's relaxation.

My theory (理论) is that when children can read t________(4), most parents stop reading to them, Dr. Spreadbury says.

That may be at the end of the Year 1, which is far too informal (非正式).

Dr. Spreadbury says bedtime reading n________(5) only gives children a good b________(6) at school, but also brings parents and their children closer. This makes it funnier for them to open up and talk to parents about things that are worrying them, o________(7) things they are reading in their everyday life.

 

(二)

先阅读短文,在其后空白处写出各单词的正确形式,单词的第一个字母已给出。

British Milkman Steve Leech saved some shops and flats(公寓) with milk and won a National Bravery Awaid.

Leech, 35 years old, said that when he was sending out milk as u____(1) along Pine Street, he s____(2) heard a loud, strange sound behind him and then he saw smoke coming out of a shop in Cornwall, southern England. "That must be a fire, I t____(3)," Leech said."Then I quickly d____(4) to do something. So I p____(5) the door in and then I s____(6) for the people inside. Then I started pouring milk e______(7). "He used 320 pints of milk to stop the fire. When fire­fighters r____(8) the shop, the fire was under control.

Leech helped save the 1____ (9) of eight people in the flats above the shops. "It was hard work o____(10) all those bottles. But it was even harder trying to tell my boss where all the milk had gone," Leech said jokingly.

 

(三)

根据上下文和括号里的汉语提示,在下面短文的空白处写出正确的单词或词组。使短文意思完整,语句连贯。

Most of us 1_______(忙于) talking about and using the Internet every day, but how many of us know the 2______(历史) of the Internet? Many people are 3_______(感到惊奇) when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s. 4_______ (那时 ), computers were large and 5_______(贵的). Computer networks didn't work 6______ (好) .If there was 7_______(出故障) with one computer in the netr work, the whole network stopped, so a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many 8______(不同的) kinds of computers. If 9______(任何部分) of the network was not working, information could be sent through another part. 10______(用这种方法) computer network system would keep on working all the time....

 

 

(一)答案与解析:

1.according。 依上下文和句式结构,应用介词,according to 意指“根据------”。

2.should。 所缺单词后有谓语动词,填入助动词或情态动词合适,should这里是情态动词,意思是“应该”。

3.discussing。 空白处应填与前面reading并列的单词。

4.themselves。 本题有一定的难度。Read后必须接以“t”打头的宾语,能够想到用反身代词的恐怕不多。

5.not。 后面有but also,前面与之相对的应该是“noy only”。

6.beginning。 good后需填名词,依语意用beginning比较恰当。

7.or。 后面的句式结构与前面相同,填or,意思是“或者”。

 

(二)答案与解析:

1. usual。as usual 意思是“像往常一样”。

2. suddenly。空后是“动宾”结构,此处应用副词,suddenly指事情的突然。

3. thought。前面的must be 表示“推测”,所以用“thought”比较合理。

4. decided。依据前面的“thought”和后面的一系列动作。decide to do sth. 用于表示“决定做某事”。

5. pushed。后面是“door”,又要填一个以“p”打头的词,push the door(推门)搭配合理。

6. shouted。里面着了火,进门后“shout”更合情理。

7. everywhere。前面句子主、谓、宾具全,结合后面的“used 320 pints of milk to stop the fire”,显然是用奶灭的火。用“everywhere”表明“到处都是奶”。

8. reached。结合文意和语法结构,动词后是名词,显然要用一个以“r”打头的及物动词。

9. lives。the lives of eight people意指“八条人命”。

10. opening。结合上下文,倒奶救火、救人。倒奶容易,但“开那么多奶瓶”确是不易。注意,这里的opening是动名词,作句子的真正主语。

(三)答案分析

1. are busy。 "忙于做某事"一般用"be busy doing sth.","be"动词必须与主语在人称和数上保持一致。

2. history。 直译即可。

3. surprised。 "感到惊奇"一般用"be surprised"形式。

4. At the time。 直译即可。

5. expensive/dear。 直译即可。

6. well。 修饰动词"work"要用副词的"好"。

7. something wrong。 根据句式,我们看出这是一个"there be"句型,后面又有"with",应该能想到"There is something wrong with……"句型。

8. different。 直译,用形容词形式。

9. any part。 直译,注意"part"用单数形式。

10. In this way。 直接翻译即可



 

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