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中考英语试题分类汇编专题二、词汇运用(词形填空)  

2012-06-15 10:45:34|  分类: 【初中试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语试题分类汇编专题二、词汇运用(2)  

 


考点二、词形填空

(2010年上海市VI 用括号中所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子每空格限填 一词。 共8分)

57.Joanna received many_______when graduating from middle school.(gift)

58.Alex is _________years old and is taken good care of in the kindergarten.(fourth)

59.Whose school uniform is that on the chair,yours or________?(my)

60.It was _________for human begins to predict weather in the past.(difficulty)

61.There is a beautiful _________on the wall in each room of my house.(paint)

62.You need to explain your opinions quite____________when having a debate.(clear)

63.Let’s hope that all our troubles will_________soon.(appear)

64.The local people are ___________that the whole nation are helping them rebuild the town.(thank)

【答案】57 gifts  58four  59 mine  60difficult  61 painting  62 clearly  63 disappear 64 thankful

(2010江苏省宿迁市B) 根据句意,用括号中所给单词的适当形式或句子的语法要求填空。每小题1分)

53. Playing too many computer games is    ▲    (harm) to you.  

54. We should speak to the old man    ▲    (polite).    

55. —How many    ▲    (tooth) does a dog have?

   —Sorry, I have no idea. Let’s search on the Internet.

56. A computer is    ▲    (expensive) than a TV set. 

57. Have you read    ▲    (today) newspaper? 

58. I    ▲    (not go) to bed until my mother came back at ten last night.

59. You need    ▲    (return) the comic book to the library at once.

60. My sister    ▲    (be) a singer since she left the school.

【答案】53.harmful    54.politely  55.teeth       56.more/less expensive 

57.today’s     58.didn’t go  59.to return   60.has been 

(2010.江苏省盐城市 根据句意完成句子。计 5分)

66.Smoke from those big factories is __________(harm) to the villagers nearby.

67.When the fire happened ,the firemen hurried there and carried the children to_______(safe).

68.It is well _________(know) that the Beijing Olympics in 2008 was a great success.

69.His fans rushed towards him _________(short) after the match.

70.To keep a lamp _________(burn),we have to keep putting oil in it.

【答案】66-70 harmful  safety  known  shortly      burining

(2010.江苏省无锡市.四、词汇运用A)根据句意,在答题卡标有题号的横线上, 写出括号内所给单词的适当形式,每小题1分)

1.It takes ____________(little)time to go there by underground than  by bus.

2.Many_______________(butterfly) have round marks on their wings that look like eyes.

3.Last night it rained ____________(heavy)in the southern part of the city.

4.There’s not much______________(different)in price between the two mobile phones.

5.Thank you for your ___________(value) help and practical advice.

答案: 1.less  2.butterflies  3.heavily  4.difference  5.valuable

(2010江苏省南京市  四、填空B)根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为51-56的相应位置上。

51.You can’t watch TV until you finish ________(do) your homework.

52.Most parents don’t think it is __________(health) for children to stay up too late night.

53.At present,our spacecraft are too slow to_________(carry)people to Mars.

54.The tunnel under the Changjian River makes it much__________(easy)to get to Pukou District than before.

55.It is said that many___________(America)teenagers will come to watch the 2014 Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing.

56.—Mum,today is your day,the Women’s Day.Here are some _________(flower)for you.

  --It’s very thoughtful of you.Thanks ,Kitty.

【答案】 51 doing  52 healthy  53 carry  54easier  55 American  56 flowers

(2010.江苏省无锡市.五、动词填空 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡标有题号的横线上 ,每小题1分)

1.The Great Wall as well as the Palace Museum ___________(attract)lots of tourists from abroad every year.

2.If those wild animals can’t find enough food,they__________(die) or have to leave their habitat soon.

3.The law of gravity____________(discover)by Isaac Newton about 350 years ago.

4.You must try your best to stop him___________(make)the same mistake again.

5.As soon as he came into the office,he____________(shake)hands with every one of us.

6.Since last August,the old lady__________(have)bad headaches three to four times a month.

7.By 5.30 yesterday afternoon he____________(finish)writing the laboratory report.

8.Bangkok ,the capital of Thailand,____________(know) as the “City of Angels’.

9.We should do everything we can _____________(protect)the environment.

10.Jack said he_____________(return)the two books to the library in a week.

答案: 1.attracts  2.will die  3.was discovered  4.making  5.shook  6.has had  7.had finished  8.is known  9.to protect  10.would return / was going to return

 

(2010.四川省内江市  动词填空  ,满分10分)

用所给动词的正确形式完成短文,并将答案依次填在短文后面相应的横线上。

Dear Zhang Lin,

     How’s it going?I__81__(have )some problems at school.I find it difficult to work in the evening and I can’t concentrate on anything at the moment.I spend most of my time _82_(listen)to records or watching TV instead of doing my homework .The other students in my class_83_(be)much better than me .I have the following problems as well. I can’t always take down the important things my teacher_84_(say),because I write too slowly, She _85_(tell) me that I’m falling behind my classmates in my studies.I’m not good at _86_(write)and I usually hand in my homework late because I won’t do it until the last minute.So I often have to find different excuses_87_(let)my  teacher know why I haven’t done  the homework.I’m sure I_88_(get) through my final exam in January. I’m now so far behind the other students that I don’t know how I can _89_ (catch)up with them.Last week,when my teacher _90_(help)me with my homework ,she found so many mistakes,which made me more upset.

Could you please give me some good suggestions?

                                                                                                                Yours,

                                                                                                                Wei Hua.

【答案】81. have   82. listening  83.are  84. say s  85. tells

86. writing       87. to let 88. will get 89. catch  90. helped

(2010山东省潍坊市 六、词汇应用 ,满分13分)

During the Second World War,John’s family didn’t have a washing machine.Therefore,_1_(keep) clothes clean became a problem for them.

Before long ,a family friend decided -2_(join) the army and his wife was going with him.John’s family told them that they could take care of their furmiture while  they were away.To the _3_(family)surprise,the frind suggested they should use his Bendix washing machine. “It would be better for it to_4_(use),rather than sitting _5_(quiet),”he said.

Young John helped with the washing ,and he developed a deep love of the old,green Bendix._6_(Late),the war ended and the family’s friend returned .When he came to take the machine away.John became very sad.His mother saw this and said to _7_(he), “Son,you must remember that machine didn’t belong to us in the _8_(one)place.It was a gift for us to be able to use it for such a long time.So ,instead of _9_(be) sad about the loss,let’s be grateful that we _10_(be )able to use it at that time.”

We have all experienced loss:loss of people and things.However ,if we see the thing we _11_(lose)ad a gift that we were given for a time,maybe the sad _12_ (momory) will change into _13_(thank )ones.

【答案】1.keeping/to keep  2.to join 3. family ‘s  4.be used  5. quietly  6. Late r   

7.him  8.first  9.being  10.were  11.have lost 12. momories 13. thankful

(2010·河南省,五,10)阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空,使短文通顺、意思完整。请将答写在短文后相应题号的横线上。每空限填一词,每词限用一次。方框中有两个词是多余的。

 

dirty  with have  always time they large  want  speak lesson  first drop

 

    After a quick breakfast, I went into the lecture hall in a hurry.A famous teacher was  66  to

the students.He was holding up a $100 bill.Then he said to the three hundred students,“Who

would like this $1 00 bill?” The students put up  67  hands at once.Then he said,“I am going to give this $100 bill to one of you,but  68  ,let me do this.”He made the bill into a ball.Then he said. “Who  69  it now?” The hands went back into the air.“Well,” he said,“what if I do this?” and he  70  it on the floor and stepped on it.He picked up the  7l  bill and said.“Who still wants it?” Hands went back again into the air.

  “My friends,”? he said,“you have learned a valuable(有价值的)  72   today.No matter what I did to the $100 bill! Many   73  in our life,we are dropped and stepped on.We feel as if we are worth nothin9.But remember, no matter what  74   happened to you,you will never lose your value:You are  75  valuable to those people who love you.Your value doesn’t come from what you do or whom you know, but who you are.’’

66.          67.           68.           69.           70.         

71.          72.           73.            74.          75.          

【答案】66 speaking    67 their    68 first    69 wants  70 dropped

71 dirty       72 lesson   73 times   74 has    75 always

 

(2010·山西省,VII.,5)阅读下面短文,写出括号中所给单词的正确形式,使短文意思完整。

Dear Dad ,

The day before yesterday was Father’s Day .I couldn’t celebrate it for you because Iwas busy taking the high entrance exam . But I have said “I love you , Dad !” in my heart many times .

  You are an ordinary (普通的) man ,but in my eyes ,you are the  71.      (great )father in the world .Every time I have trouble ,you always give me advice and help me out . I remember once I 72 .     (fail) in a competition ,and I felt very upset . Instead of complaining , you just said to me 73._    (quiet) , “It doesn”t matter . A  real man must learn to face many failures (失败) in life bravely .Cheer up !”

 Dad , I am not going to buy you anything as a present because I don’t think it express my thanks to you .I’ll try my best to get good 74 .      (grade).I think that is the best  present

You are looking forward to 75 .      (get). I’m sure I won’t let you down .

Hope my dear dad is healthy forever .

【答案】71.greatest  72.failed   73.quietly   74.grades   75.getting

 

(2010·福建省晋江市,四,10)(B) 遣词造句:根据提供的图画和提示词,写一个符合图意的完整、正确的句子。(10分)

91.                      92.                          93                     

 

 

 

there ,be. under               enjoy, climb                    play, now                   

94                                    95

 

 

make, tomorrow                         brush,  twice

【答案】91. There are some flowers under the tree.

92. The monkey enjoys climbing the tree.

93. He is playing computer games now.

94. We will make a snowman tomorrow./Shall we go to make a snowman tomorrow?/Let’s go to make a snowman tomorrow……

95. You should brush your teeth twice a day./The boy brushes his teeth twice a day.

(2010·新疆省阜康市,六,5)用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空

1.       Please call me if you have any problems __________(work)out.

2.       Marie Curie received the Nobel Prize __________(two)during her life time.

3.       I think it is __________(danger)for children to be close to wild animals.

4.       The old man has been ___________(die)since three years ago.

5.       I know only one of the ___________(visit),how about you?

【答案】1.working   2.twice   3.dangerous   4.dead   5.visitors

 

(2010·陕西省,四,10)

用所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子。

1.       Lots of ___________(foreign)come to visit the old town every year.

2.       Don’t mind _____________(offer)your help to others whenever necessary.

3.       He works in the ____________(big) computer company in the world.

4.       There are ______________(hundred)of people dancing at the square after supper.

5.       My mother was ___________(water) flowers in the garden when I came back.

6.       She is proud of _____________(she)for not giving up easily.

7.       The boy sat down excitedly because he answered the difficult question ___________(correct).

8.       Everybody likes to ask him for help because he often _____________(come)up with good ideas. 

9.       It is a good habit to brush your ____________(tooth)after each meal.

10.   Many school things were ___________(send)to Yushu last month.

【答案】1.foreigners  2.offerring  3.biggest  4.hundreds  5.watering  6.herself  7.correctly  8.comes  9.teeth  10.sent

 

 

(2010·湖北省荆门市,四,6)(每空限填一词)

71. Mind your table manners. It is ____▲_ (polite) to talk with your mouth full.

72. Miss Wang speaks English with excellent ___▲___ (pronounce).

73. Tony is badly ill. We are all ____▲__ (care) about his health.  

74. J___▲_ is the first month of the year.

75. If you try your best, I’m sure you can a__▲_____ your dream one day.

76. Pandas’ favorite food is bamboo l__▲_______.

【答案】71. impolite 72. pronunciation 73. caring 74. January 75. achieve 76. leaves   

(2010·广西省定西市,二,5)用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。

1.       It’s     (real)cold today.

2.       This     (write)writes lots of interesting stories for kids.

3.       Many people don’t enjoy     (live)in big cities.

4.       I am in my     (three)year in this middle school.

5.       As we all know,the weather in southwest China is     (dry)than any other time in history

【答案】1. really  2. writer  3. living  4. third  5. drier

(2010·山东省莱芜市,五,10)阅读下面短文,用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空(必要时可加情态动词或助动词)。

I am John.I am l7 years old,and I live in England.My father works in a horse-riding school.I have been riding since I(61) _____ (be)six.I go horse-riding every Saturday.Now, I can ride quite well.I often(62) _____ (spend)all Saturdays at the riding sch001.I help to get the horses ready.I also help the new students.

Look,there are some people(63) _____ (train)horse-ridin9.The girl named Xinyi (64) _____ (walk)the horse around(遛马)and getting ready to get onto the horse.She is from China.She looks beautiful.She(65) _____ (study)here three times.Last time,I helped her move up and down at the same time as the horse(随着马动的频率).while we were learning how to jump the horse,suddenly she fell off the horse and(66)_____(hurt)her knees badly.I felt sorry that I(67)_____(not help)her at that time.I thought she wouldn’t come this Saturday.To my surprise。she came again! What a brave girl! Last month,she(68) ____ (invite)to come to England for a fashion show.She said she was glad to have the chance to come here and she enjoyed herself.

    Oh,Xinyi is riding towards me.

    “Hi,Xinyi! You’re great! I have never seen such a brave girl like you.”

    ‘Thanks.John! I am leaving for Beijing tomorrow.Thanks for helping me these days.I will never forget the exciting experience.I(69) _____ (share)it with my friends.”

    “I hope(70) _____ (meet)you soon.”

【答案】61.was    62.spend    63.training    64.is walking

65.has studied  66.hurt    67.couldn’t help  68.was invited

69.will share    70.to meet

 

B)阅读短文,然后从短文括号中所给词的适当形式填空。

    Climbing the highest mountains in the world is not an   78   (easily) job.You have to fight bad weather,illness and fear.But Jordan Romero,a thirteen-year-old boy from America,will climb 79 (Asia) highest mountain,Mount Qomolangma.He will set out this month. 80  (He)parents and helpers will climb with him.He plans to take   81   (second)months for his climb.“I'm ready.But if I don't reach the top   82   (successful),I'll try next time,”he said. Jordan has already climbed the highest mountains of six other continents(洲).If he   83   (get)to the top this time,he will become the youngest person to climb the world's highest mountain.

【答案】78.easy 79.Asia’s/Asian 80.His 81.two82.successfully 83.gets

 

 

(2010·江苏省镇江市,四,10)

A)根据句意,用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空,每空一词。

36 So far, I haveto made a  (decide) about where to go for the coming summer holidays.

37 This year it has rained so  (heavy) in South China that lots of problems are caused.

38 When we walked past the playground yesterday, we found him  (lie) on the grass, enjoying the sunset.

39 Jack is busy preparing for a party to celebrate his sister’s  (twelve) birthday. He wants to give her a big surprise.

40 —On April 14th, an earthquake hit Yushu and destroyed its  (beautiful) completely.

—It’s  a great pity.

【答案】36 decision37 heavily38 lying39 twelfth40 beauty

(2010·广东省,五,5)根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完整单词。(每空只写一词)

66. When will you come back, Dad? I m      you so much.

答案:miss

67. After the examinations, I need to take a good r      .

答案:rest

68. The concert last night wasn’t very good. Before it ended, the theatre was almost e   .

答案:empty

69. There weren’t enough chairs in the meeting room, so some of the students had to s   on

答案:stand

70. Tomorrow is my cousin’s birthday. I’m going to buy a g       for her.

答案:gift

 

(2010·甘肃省兰州市,八,10)B)

91. The old should be spoken to ______(polite).
92. My family lives in the ______(center) park of the city.
93. He is too ______(care) to pass the final exam.
94. Poetry is a beautiful way to express ______(think) and feelings.
95. Children’s ______(expect) ideas often surprise the adults.
96. Betty is often seen ______(help) the old man with his housework.
97. He prefers ______(take) part in the public activities rather than stay at home alone.

98. They ______(agree) with each other, so they argued for a long time.
99. Animals are our friends, so ______(protect) them is our duty.
100. You have ______(award) a scholarship to study violin at our School of Music.
【答案】91. politely  92.central  93. careless     94. thoughts     95.unexpected

96. to help    97. to take     98. disagreed/didn’t agree  99. protecting  100. been awarded

 

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