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英语语法讲解与练习:冠词  

2012-06-16 16:03:03|  分类: 【英语语法】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语语法讲解与练习:冠词  

 


冠词

冠词分为不定冠词(a, an),定冠词(the),和零冠词。

I. 不定冠词的用法:

1

指一类人或事,相当于a kind of

A plane is a machine that can fly.

2

第一次提及某人某物,非特指

A boy is waiting for you.

3

表示“每一”相当于every,one

We study eight hours a day.

4

表示“相同”相当于the same

We are nearly of an age.

5

用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事

A Mr. Smith came to visit you when you were out

That boy is rather a Lei Feng.

6

用于固定词组中

A couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many a time

7

用于quite, rather, many, half, what, such之后

This room is rather a big one.

8

用于so(as, too, how)+形容词之后

She is as clever a girl as you can wish to meet.

II. 定冠词的用法:

1

表示某一类人或物

The horse is a useful animal.

2

用于世上独一无二的事物名词前

the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean

3

表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事

Would you mind opening the door?

4

用于乐器前面

play the violin, play the guitar

5

用于形容词和分词前表示一类人

the reach, the living, the wounded

6

表示“一家人”或“夫妇”

the Greens, the Wangs

7

用于序数词和形容词副词比较级最高级前

He is the taller of the two children.

8

用于国家党派等以及江河湖海,山川群岛的名词前

the United States, the Communist Party of China, the French

9

用于表示发明物的单数名词前

The compass was invented in China.

10

在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪的某个年代

in the 1990’s

11

用于表示单位的名词前

I hired the car by the hour.

12

用于方位名词,身体部位名词,及表示时间的词组前

He patted me on the shoulder.

III. 零冠词的用法:

1

专有名词,物质名词,抽象名词,人名地名等名词前

Beijing University, Jack, China, love, air

2

名词前有this, my, whose, some, no, each, every等限制

I want this book, not that one. /  Whose purse is this?

3

季节,月份,星期,节假日,一日三餐前

March, Sunday, National Day, spring

4

表示职位,身份,头衔的名词前

Lincoln was made President of America.

5

学科,语言,球类,棋类名词前

He likes playing football/chess.

6

与by连用表示交通工具的名词前

by train, by air, by land

7

以and连接的两个相对的名词并用时

husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night

8

表示泛指的复数名词前

Horses are useful animals.

I.冠词填空:在下列句中空白处填入适当冠词,不需用冠词处划×。

  1.There is _______ picture of _______ elephant on _______ wall.

  2.This is _______ useful book.I've read it for _______ hour.

  3. _______ elephant is much heavier than _______ horse.

  4. _______ doctor told him to take _______ medicine three times _______ day.

  5.Let's go out for _______ walk.

  6.It's too hot.Open _______ door,please.

  7.There is _______ woman over there. _______ woman is Meimei's mother.

  8. _______ sun rises in _______ east.

  9. _______ Changjiang River is _______ longest river in _______ China.

  10.Are you going to do it _______ second time?

  11.Washington is _______ capital of _______ USA.

  12. _______ Turners are living at the end of _______ Turner Street.

  13.He joined the army in _______ spring of _______ 1995.

  14. _______ old man is _______ teacher.He likes playing _______ basketball after _______ supper.

  15.After I had _______ quick breakfast,I hurried to school.

  16.Are _______ sheep kept by _______ farmers for producing _______ wool and _______ meat?

  17.They went to _______ People's Park,but we both went to _______ People's Cinema yesterday.

  18.I often watch _______ TV in _______ evening.

  19. _______ day of _______ December 20,1999 is Monday.

  20.Tomorrow is _______ Christmas Day and my father and I went to choose _______ Christmas tree today.

  21.I think _______ maths is more important than any other subject.

  22.He often goes to _______ school by _______ bike.

  23.What does this _______ word mean, _______ Father?

  24.What _______ important news!

  II.选择填空。

  1.—Does Jim have _______ ruler?

  —Yes,he has _______ .

  A.an;some B.a;one C.a;/ D.any;one

  2.There is _______ old bike. _______ old bike is Mr Zhao's.

  A.an ;The B.the;An C.a;The D.the;The

  3. _______ apple a day keeps the doctors aw ay.

  A.The B.A C.An D.Two

  4.—How many books do you have?

  —I have _______ book.That's _______ English book.

  A.a;an B.a;one C.one;an D.one;one

  5.At that time Tom was _______ one-year-old baby.

  A.a B.an C.the D./

  6. _______ tiger is _______ China.

  A.The;a B.A;the C.The;from D.The;the

  7.We can't see _______ sun at _______ night.

  A.the;the B.the;/ C.a;/ D./;/

  8. _______ useful book it is!

  A.What an B.How a C.What a D.What

  9.One afternoon he found _______ handbag.There was _______ “s”on the corner of _______ handbag.

  A.a;an;the B.a;a;the C.an;an;an D.the;a;a

  10. _______ old lady with white hair spoke _______ English well at _______ meeting.

  A.An;an;a B.The;/;an C.The;/;a D.The;/;the

  11. _______ Great Wall is _______ longest wall in the world.

  A.A;a B.The;the C.A;the D.The;a

  12. _______ new bridge has been built over Huangpu River.

  A.The;a B.A;/ C.A;the D.An;the

  13. _______ woman over there is _______ popular teacher in our school.

  A.A;an B.The;a C.The;the D.A;the

  14.He used to be _______ teacher but later he turned _______ writer.

  A.a;a B.a;the C./;a D.a;/

  15.They made him _______ king.

  A.a B.the C.an D./

  16.His father is _______ English teacher.He works in our school.

  A.a B.an C.the D./

  17.Is he _______ American boy ?

  A.an B.a C.one D./

  18.Does Tom often play _______ football after _______ school?

  A./;/ B./;the C.the;/ D.a;/

  19.They passed our school _______ day before yesterday.

  A.an B.one C.a D.the

  20.Australia is _______ English-speaking country.

  A.a B.an C.the D./

  21.She has _______ orange skirt. _______ skirt is nice.

  A.a;The B.an;The C.an;A D.the;The

  22.This is _______ apple.It's _______ big apple.

  A.an;a B.a;the C.a;an D.an;the

  23.Look at __ _____ horse over there.

  A.a B.an C.the D./

  24.Don't play _______ basketball here.It's dangerous.

  A.a B.an C./ D.the

  25.There is _______ old woman in the car.

  A./ B.the C.a D.an

  26.Beijing is _______ beautiful city.It's _______ capital of China.

  A.a;a B.the;the C./;the D.a;the

  27.Shanghai is in _______ east of China.

  A./ B.an C.a D.the

  28.I've been a student there for nearly two and _______ half years.

  A.a B.an C.the D./

  29.Bill is _______ English teacher.He likes playing _______ football.

  A.a;the B.an;the C.a;/ D.an;/

  30.The museum is quite far.It will take you half _______ hour to get there by _______ bus.

  A.an;/ B.an;a C.a;/ D./;/

冠词用法专项练习答案与详解

  I.1.a;an;the

  2.a;an。第一个空的a是泛指,第二个空的an是指“一小时”。

  3.An;a。这两个空都是泛指,故都用不定冠词。

  4.The;the;a。前两个空都是特指,故填the;后一个空中的a相当于every或each,three times a day意为“一天三次”。

  5.a。go out for a walk意为“出去散步”。

  6.the

  7.a;The。前者泛指,后者特指。

  8.The;the。第一个空用the表示太阳是世界上独一无二的物体;第二个空用the是因为在方位词的前面一般用定冠词。

  9.The;the,×。第一空用the是因为在河流名称的前面用定冠词;第二空用the是因为在形容词最高级前面用定冠词;第三空“零”冠词是因为专有名词前一般不加冠词。

  10.a。a second time意为“再一次”、“另一次”。the second time意为“第二次”。此句填a是表示动作的重复,而不能用the(表顺序)。

  11.the;the。第一个the是特指美国的首都。第二个the是在由普通名词构成的专有名词前应加定冠词。

  12.The。“the +姓氏的复数”表示“一家人”或“夫妻二人”。由普通名词构成的专有名词前应加the。

 13.the;×。表示在某一年的季节名称前应加定冠词。

  14.The a;×;×。在球类名称前不加冠词。泛指的三餐名称前不加冠词。

  15.a。三餐名称前若有形容词,则可在形容词前加冠词,此处是泛指,故用a。

  16.×;×;×;×。此句意为“农民养羊是为了产毛和肉吗?”前两个空也可填定冠词,意为:“那些农民养的那些羊是为了产毛和肉吗?”

  17.the;the。普通名词构成的专有名词前应加the。

  18.×;the。TV前不加冠词。“早、午、晚”名词前加冠词。

  19.The;×;×。第一空是特指。日期名词前不加冠词。

  20×;a21.×。学科名称前一般不加冠词。

  22.×;×。go to school上学。by bike骑自行车。

  23.×;×。指示代词不能与定冠词连用。

  24×。注意news是不可数名词,故不能加a。

  II.

  1.B。第一空是泛指;第二空的one是不定代词,用以替代前面的ruler。

  2.A

 3.C。这是一句谚语,意思是“一天吃一个苹果,用不着看医生。”

  4.C。one强调数量,用以回答“Howmany...?”问句;第二个空是泛指,故用an。

  5.A。one虽以元音字母开头,但以辅音音素〔w〕开头,故填a。

  6.C。此句意为:“这只老虎来自中国。”

  7.B。在“太阳、月亮、地球”的前面一般都加定冠词the;at night“在夜晚”,注意该短语中没有冠词。

  8C

  9.A。“s”虽为辅音字母,但却以元音音素〔e〕开头,故填an。

  10.D。第一个空填the,是特指那个“白发老太太”;第二个空不填冠词,是因为在语言名称前面一般不加冠词。English后面如有language,就得说the English language。“在会议上”应为at the meeting。

  11.B。the Great Wall长城。

  12.C。第一个空是泛指,用a;第二个空是河流名称,故用the。

  13.B。第一个空:“那边的那个妇女”,是特指;第二个空是指那个妇女的身份、职业,是泛指。

  14.D。第一个空是泛指;第二个空用“零冠词”是因为turn后面的名词前一般都不加冠词。

  15.D。表示某人的职位时可用“零冠词”。

  16.B17.A 18.A。after school放学以后。

  19.D。the day before yesterday前天。

  20.B21.B。第一空泛指,第二空特指。

  22.A。两个空都是泛指。

  23.C

  24.C

  25.D

  26.D

  27.D。in the east of在某地区(内)的东部。

  28.A。two and a half years也可说成two years and a half,意思都是“两年半”。

  29D

30A。half an hour半小时,by bus乘公共汽车。

巩固提高

[   ] 1.I _____800-meter-long bridge is being built across the river.

     A. A                     B. An            C. One                       D. X

[   ] 2. You didn’t spell the word carefully.  _____  “r” is missing.

       A. a                           B. an            C. the                        D. one

[   ]3. Many people have _____interest in films

       A. a                     B. an          C. the                        D. X

[   ] 4.------ Where is your brother?

      ------At_______.

       A. Mr. Brown’s          B. Mr. Brown            C. the Browns’           D.  the Brown’s  

[   ] 5. ______are very kind to me.

       A. The Turner’s           B. Turner’s                C. The Turners           D. Turners

[   ] 6. _____umbrella is ___useful tool on a rainy day.

       A. A ; a                        B. An; an            C. The; the               D. An ; a

[   ] 7. I like to play ____ piano as well as _____ chess.

       A. the;  X                  B. X; the             C. X; X                      D. the; the

[   ] 8. It is ______ one-side view. 

       A. an                   B. a                    C. the                               D. X

[   ] 9. ______time he had yesterday!

      A. What a good              B. What good              C. How good                      D. How a good

[   ] 10. Now plastics has taken ___place of many things.

      A. the                    B. a                    C. an                         D. X

[   ] 11. I like ______music, but I don’t like ____music of Mozart.

      A. X ; X                       B. the; X            C. X; the                   D. the; the

[   ] 12. It is very cold in ___winter, but it is a little warm in ___winter of 1898.

      A. the; the              B. the; X            C. X; the                    D. X ; X

[   ] 13. _____Pacific Ocean is ______largest one in the world.

      A. The; the             B. The; X            C. X; the                    D. X; X

[   ] 14. _____Browns went for a picnic to the quiet suburb last Sunday.

      A. X                      B. The                       C. A                          D. An

[   ] 15. ____rich ___in some places of South China.

      A. A; are                        B. An; are                  C. The;  are              D. The; is

[   ] 16.His death is heavier than ___Mount Tai.

      A. the                     B. X                   C. a                           D. an

[   ] 17. In Hangzhou Mr Green was so struck by ___beauty of ___nature that he stayed for another night.

      A. X;  X                    B. the;  the       C. the; X                   D. X; the

[   ] 18. That evening ____Turners sat before a bright fire and had ___nice supper..

      A. the; a                        B. X; X              C. X; a                              D. the; X

[   ] 19.___English have a sense of ____humour.

      A. The; the             B. The;  X                C. X; the                         D. X; X

[   ] 20.Most of ___boys in our class are interested in ____Biology.

      A. X; X                  B. the; X            C. a; the                          D. the; X

[   ] 21. At first football is ____boy’s game, but now more and more girls like to play it.

      A. a                B. the                  C. one                               D. X

[   ] 22.Five years ago, her brother was ______university student of ___physics.

      A. a; the                 B. an; the             C. an; X                    D. a; X

[   ] 23. What does he study? He studies ____science of ___sound.

     A. the; X                 B. X; X              C. X; the                    D. the; the

[   ] 24. Professor Smith is ____most interesting as a lecturer.

     A. a                  B. the                        C. some                    D. X

[   ] 25. They were deeply impressed by ____hard work and excellent skills of ____Chinese doctors

     A. X; the         B. the; X                   C. X; X                    D. X; the

 Keys: 1---5BBBAC   6—10  DABAA   11—15 CCABC   16—20 BCABB 

      21—25 ADADB

历届高考题

  [   ] 1.Alice is fond of playing ____piano while Heney is interested in listening to ____music 

        A. X; the                  B.X ; X               C. the ; X            D. the; the        

  [   ] 2. Beyond ____stars, the astronauts saw nothing but _____space.

        A. the; X                  B. X; the            C. X; X              D. the; the            [

  [   ] 3. After watching ____TV, she played ____violin for an hour.

        A. X; X             B. the ; the                 C. the; X            D. X; the            

  [   ] 4. Alexander Graham Bell invented ___telephone in 1876  

        A. X                         B. a                    C. the                        D. one              

  [   ] 5. ---Where is Jack?

        ---I think he’s still in ______bed, but he might just be in ____bathroom  

        A. X; X                      B. the; the           C. the; X                  D. X; the               

  [   ] 6. Many people are still in _____habit of writing silly things in ______public places.

        A. the ; the                B. X; X              C. the; X             D. X; the            

  [   ] 7.She is ____newcomer to ____chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries.

        A. the; the            B. the ; X            C. a; X                       D. a; the               

  [   ] 8. Wouldn’t be ____wonderful world if all nation lived in _____peace with one another?

         A. a; X              B. the; X             C. a; the              D. the; the              

  [   ] 9. Many people agree that ______knowledge of English is a must in _____international trade today. 

         A. a; X                   B. the; an                  C. the; the                 D. X.; the                    

  [   ] 10. -----Have you seen _____pen? I left it here this morning.

          -----Is it ___black one? I think I saw it somewhere

          A. a; the                 B. the; the                  C. the; a              D. a; a            

  [   ] 11. Most animals have little connection with ___animals of ____different kind unless they

         kill them for food.

          A. the; a                 B. x; a                C. the; the           D. x; the             

  [   ]12.---- Where is _____nearest bookstore?

        -----There’s one at ____end of the street.

          A. the; an                B. a; the              C. the; the           D. a; an      

  [   ]13.Summer in ____South of France are for ___most part dry and sunny. 

     

      

      A. x ; a              B. the; x                   C. x;  x             D. the; the    

  [  ]14. Mr. Smith, there’s a man at _____front door who says he has ___news for you of great

        importance.

        A. the; x                      B. the; the                  C. x; x                D. x; the            [

 Keys: 1---5 CADCD    6—10 CCAAD    11—12 BC DA 



 


 

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