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初中英语语法讲解与练习:代词  

2012-06-16 15:56:46|  分类: 【英语语法】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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初中英语语法讲解与练习:代词  

I. 代词可以分为以下七大类:

1

人称代词

主格

I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they

宾格

me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them

2

物主代词

形容词性

my, your, his, her, its, our, their

名词性

mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs

3

反身代词

myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

4

指示代词

this, that, these, those, such, some

5

疑问代词

who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever

6

关系代词

that, which, who, whom, whose, as

7

不定代词

one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little,

other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either

II. 不定代词用法注意点:

1. one, some与any:

1) one可以泛指任何人,也可特指,复数为ones。some多用于肯定句,any多用于疑问句和否定句。

One should learn to think of others.

Have you any bookmarks? No, I don’t have any bookmarks.

I have some questions to ask.

2) some可用于疑问句中,表示盼望得到肯定的答复,或者表示建议,请求等。

Would you like some bananas?   Could you give me some money?

3) some 和any修饰可数名词单数时,some表示某个,any表示任何一个。

I have read this article in some magazine.    Please correct the mistakes, if any.

4) some和数词连用表示“大约”,any可与比较级连用表示程度。

There are some 3,000 students in this school.    Do you feel any better today?

2. each和every:

each强调个别,代表的数可以是两个或两个以上,而every强调整体,所指的数必须是三个或三个以上。

Each student has a pocket dictionary. / Each (of us) has a dictionary. / We each have a dictionary.

Every student has strong and weak points. / Every one of us has strong and weak points.

3. none和no:

no等于not any,作定语。none作主语或宾语,代替不可数名词,谓语用单数,代替可数名词,谓语单复数皆可以。

There is no water in the bottle.   How much water is there in the bottle? None.

None of the students are (is) afraid of difficulties.

4. other和another:

  1) other泛指“另外的,别的”常与其他词连用,如:the other day, every other week, no other way,

2)the other特指两者中的另外一个,复数为the others。如:

He held a book in one hand and his notes in the other.

Two students in our class failed, but all the others passed the exam.

  3) another指“又一个,另一个”无所指,复数形式是others,泛指“别的人或事”如:

I don’t like this shirt, please show me another (one). 

The trousers are too long, please give me another pair / some others.

Some like football, while others like basketball.

5. all和both, neither和either

  all表示不可数名词时,其谓语动词用单数。both和all加否定词表示部分否定,全部否定用neither和none.

  All of the books are not written in English. / Not all of the books are written in English.

  Both of us are not teachers. / Not both of us are teachers. / Either of us is a teacher.

代词练习题
1. She heard a terrible noise, ______ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it   B. which  C. this  D. that
2. The teacher gave the books to all the students except _______who had already taken them.
 A. ones     B. some     C. the ones   D. the others   
3. Our manager allowed _______to take a holiday next week.
 A. you and I   B. yourself and me   C.I and you   D. you and me    
4. Although he 's wealthy,he spends___ on clothes. A. little     B. few     C. a little    D. a few  
5. They were all tired, but _____ of them would stop to take a rest.   A. any    B. some     C. none      D. neither 
6. I don’t know whether small oranges are sweeter than big ______.A. those     B. ones      C. one       D. that
7. When they met, they stopped and said hello to_______.
  A. each other   B. each another  C. the other each  D .each one
8. After everyone took_______ place, the meeting began. A. his    B. their   C. there    D. the 
9. -Why don’t we take a little break?   -Didn’t we just have _______?    A. it      B. that    C. one    D. this
10. If you want to change for a double room you’ll have to pay ___$15.   A. another   B. other  C. more  D. each 
11. We should always keep ______ well-informed of the changing information.
   A. us    B. ours    C. ourselves    D. we 
12. Give the message to ______ is at the table.  A. whomever   B. whosever   C. whatever   D. whoever
13. I found ______impossible for ____to work out the maths problem.A . it; him B. it; he C. that; him D. that; he 
14. Few pleasures can equal _____ of a cool drink on a hot day.     A. some     B. any     C. that    D. those 
15. I hate ______ when people talk with their mouths full.      A. it     B. that     C. these    D. them
16. Mary learned Chinese for about two years, _______is, from 1993 to 1995. A. this    B. that    C. it     D. he 
17. She is doing her homework.I'll do_______.  A. such B. so C. the same D. the same as
18. In some restaurants, food and service are worse than ______ used to be. A. they   B. it   C. them   D. that
19. Everyone who comes to the party is given a wooden apple with _____ own names cut in it as a souvenir.
  A. his   B. her   C. their   D. our
20. Children can usually dress ______ by the age of five. A. him   B. them   C. himself   D. themselves
答案与解析(部分)1. B 在非限定性定语从句中指代前面的整个句子,应用which。2. C     3. D。4. A spend所指的是钱,不可数,只能用little或 a little. 本句为although引导的让步状语从句,由句意知后句为否定含义,因此应用little表示几乎不。5. C 根据题干中的all和but来判断,只能选C。6. B    7. A     8. A。9. C one代替上文提到的名词,表示同样的另一物品,在one之后无需加介词短语。10. A  another是不定代词,意为“另一个”,正合题意。11. C   12. D    13. A。14. C  只能用that指代pleasures;句中的equal是动词。15. A  空缺处只能填上形式宾语it。16-20 BBAAD

代词强化训练
1.There are several pretty girls standing under the tree, but ___ are known to me. a. neither b. none c. no one d. all
2.In one year rats eat 40 to 50 times ______ weight.   a. its b. and c. their d. theirs
3.You’d better continue to use the same spelling of your name as ______ you used in your application.
  a. one b. the one c. any d. some one
4.The little baby was left alone, with ______ to look after it. a. someone b. anyone c. not one d. no one
5.John can play chess better than ______ else.  a. the one b. no one c. any one d. another
6.The weight of something is another way of describing the amount of force exerted on ______ by gravity.
  a. it b. them c. that d. one
7.It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is quite ______ to perform skillfully yourself.
  a. other b. another c. some d. any
8.Children should be taught how to get along with ______.  a. another b. other c. others d. any other
9.The poor man lived on wild berries and roots because they had ______ to eat.
  a. nothing else b. anything else c. something other d. nothing other
10.I go to the cinema ______ day, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.
  a. each other b. every other c. this and the other d. all other
11.One of the properties of light is ______ traveling in wave form as it goes from one place to another.
   a. it b. it’s c. its d. their
12.______ in the world has been asked to do his duty for the human society.
   a. Each of the tramps b. Every of the tramps c. The each tramp d. The every tramp
13.In some restaurants, food and service are worse than ______ used to be.  a. they b. it c. them d. that
14.Let the porter take all the baggage out and put ______ in the lobby.  a. it b. they c. them d. its
15.Everyone who comes to the party is given a wooden apple with _____ own names cut in it as a souvenir.
   a. his b. her c. their d. our
16.Everybody in the class must give in ______ exercise book within the given time.  a. their b. our c. his d. her
17.During the journey, the boys and girls entertained ______ with songs and games.
   a. themselves b. theirselves c. himself d. itself
18.You’d better buy ______ some fruits when you go on a trip.  a. youself b. myself c. yourself d. you
19.The boys in this town like to bully ______.
   a. one another b. one and other c. each other d. one and the other
20.One common family name is Black,______ is Anderson.  a. another b. the other c. others d. none other
21.I have two novels: one of the two is “Gone with the Wind’, and ______ is “the Tale of Two Cities’.
   a. another b. other c. none other d. the other
22.All girls wear beautiful clothes. Some are dressed in red;______ in green.
   a. other b. another c. others d. none other
23.She can’t seem to help herself. And ______ can help her, either.
   a. none else b. no one else c. not any d. somebody else
24.Children can usually dress ______ by the age of five.  a. him b. them c. hiself d. themselves
25.The gold watch had belonged to me for years, but the police refused to believe it was ______.
   a. me b. my c. mine d. I’s
26.Mother would not let Mary and ______ attend the hockey game.  a. I b. my c. me d. we
27.In a news conference this afternoon, the university announced that ______ intends to make several important
   changes in next year’s budget.   a. he b. it c. she d. they
28.______ but a fool can make such a mistake.  a. Everyone b. No other c. Not all d. None
29.The poem by Browning is so observed that I cannot grasp ______ meaning.  a. its b. it’s c. their d. that
30.The mayor felt that the police, in spite of the reports, had done ______ best.  a. its b. their c. his d. our
31.I haven’t read __ of the last four chapters, so I know little about them. a. anything b. any c. some d. something
32.A pretty face may win friends but it takes character and personality to hold ______. a. it b. them c. that d. one
33.In the discussion, one speaker held that, since we live in a money-oriented society, the average individual cares
   little about solving ______. 
   a. anyone else’s problems b. anyone’s else problems  c. anyone else problems d. problems of anyone else
34.I don’t know whether small oranges are sweeter than big ______.  a. those b. ones c. one d. that
35.‘How much water is left in the bottle?’ ‘______’  a. Nothing b. None c. Not some d. Not one
36.It took two of them to do the work that ______ of us could do. a. someone b. anyone c. any one d. everyone
37.He has five children, and ______ of them is good at painting. a. everyone b. everybody d. every one d. every
38.I have three brothers,____ are in Beijing. a. no one of them b. neither of them c. some of them d. none of them
39.Some of my students study a lot,______ just don’t care.  a. anothers b. the other c. some other d. others
40.As a matter of fact, Saudi Arabia’s oil reserves are second only to ______.
   a. Kuweit b. that of Kuweit c. Kuweits’s d. those of Kuweit
41.This book of _______ used to be one of the best sellers in the shop.  a. his b. him c. that man d. this
42.We should always keep ______ well-informed of the changing information. a. us b. ours c. ourselves d. we
43.The climate here is often said to be similar to ______.  a. Japan b. one of Japan c. that of Japan d. in Japan
44.Hunted by constant fear of arrest, the thief ______ to the police at last.
   a. gave it up b. gave up himself c. gave him up d. gave himself up
45.______ of the boys in the class who have passed the test is to receive certificates.
  a. Every b. Every one c. Any d. Anyone
46.Do you believe that she has blamed us for the accident, especially ______?
   a. you and me b. you and I c. I and you d. me and you
47.Of those who graduated with ______,Ellen is the only one who has found a good job.
   a. Betty and he b. he and Betty c. Betty and him d. Him and Betty
48.He is surprised by ______ having to pay for the accident.  a. you b. yours c. your d. your’s
49.This is a left hand glove and that is ______.  a. other b. the other one c. other one d. another
50.Add those examples to ______ you have already noted.  a. one b. the one c. one d. the ones
51.Have you got a ticket? Yes, I’ve got ______.  a. it b. the one c. one d. the ones
52.There’s the doorbell; I hope ______ Tom.  a. its b. it’s c. is d. he’s
53.It’s cheaper to buy old furniture than to have new ______ made.  a. one b. ones c. furniture d. furnitures
54.Those of us who are over fifty years old should get ______ blood pressure checked regularly.
   a. their b. their’s c. our d. ours
55.Every man and woman eighteen years of age or older is eligible to vote for the candidate of ______.
   a. his choice b. their choice c. the choice of him d. the choice of theirs
56.I bite my nails. I must break ______.
   a. the habit of me b. the habit with myself c. myself of the habit d. of the habit myself
57.______ of them shared my opinions, so we have ______ in common to discuss.
   a. Nobody/a little b. Few/little c. A few/little d. None/many
58.When science, business and art learn something of _____ methods and goals, the world will have come closer
to cultural harmony. a. one and the other’s  b. each and the other’s  c. one another’s d. the one’s and the other’s
59.The boy is ______ of a musician.  a. anyone b. anything c. someone d. something
60.For ______ interested in nature, the club offers hikes and overnight camping each week during the summer.
   a. them b. whom c. themselves d. those
61.The use of radar as well as the two-way radio ______ for the police to intercept most speeders.
   a. make it possible b. makes it possible c. makes possible d. make it a possibility
62.The family never agree about ______ shares of the property.  a. her b. its c. their d. his
63.The flock of geese was flying through the sky in perfect formation following ______ leader.
   a. its b. their c. his d. her
64.When Jonathan went to Spain with his sister, he bought a leather coat for her and another for ______.
   a. him b. himself c. he d. his
65.Those of us who wear glasses should have _____ eyes examined at regular intervals. a. their b. our c. his d. her
66.Frank admired his friends Tom and David. He imitated ______.
   a. theirs every action b. every action of theirs c. every of their action d. every action of their one
67.My desk is ______.   a. between his b. between his one c. beside his one d. beside his
68.“May I speak to Iris?”  “This is ______ speaking.”  a. she b. hers’s c. hers d. her
69.Mary is the landlady ______.   a. from who we rent the flat b. from whom we rent the flat
   b. whom we rent the flat d. who we rent the flat
70.Give the message to ______ is at the table.  a. whomever b. whosever c. whatever d. whoever
71.It was through experimentation ______ people found out he behavior of electricity.
   a. that b. which c. / d. the
72.______ Nat Turner who led a revolt against slavery in Virginia in 1831.
   a. Where was b. It was c. He was d. it was him
73.It wasn’t ______ telephoned me.  a. he whom b. him whom c. he who d . his who
74.It was ______ he bought the magazine.
   a. from a second-hand store where   b. a second-hand store in which
   c. in a second-hand store that       d. in a second-hand store where
75.It was ______ late in the evening that the students returned to the dormitories.
   a. till b. before c. when d. not until
76.It was ______ that he did not go to Mount Lao with us.
   a. because he was ill   b. as he was ill  c. since he was ill d. though he was ill
77.It was ______ that he joined the evening party.
   a. finding Comrade Li b. found Comrade Li c. to find Comrade Li d. find Comrade Li
78.Was it ______ she agreed to help?
   a. very reluctantly so that b. very reluctantly that  c. so reluctantly that d. very reluctantly when
79.______ she gave the postcards to?
   a. Whom it was that b. Who it was that c. Who was it that d. It was who that
80.______ the camel can go for three days without food or drink?
   a. That it is why b. That is it why c. Why it is that d. Why is it that

IT 句型结构:
1. It is + 被强调部分 + that ..   该句型是强调句型。将被强调的部分放在前面,其它部分置于that 之后。被强调部分可以是主语,宾语,表语或状语。强调的主语如果是人,that 可以由 who 换用。如果把这种句型结构划掉后,应该是一个完整无缺的句子。
It was they that (who ) cleaned the classroom yesterday. It was in the street that I met her.
It was about 600 years ago that the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.
2. It is not until + 被强调部分 + that ...  该句型也是强调句型。主要用于强凋时间状语,译成汉语 “直到……才……”,可以说是 not ... until ... 的强调形式。
It was not until her mother came back that she went to bed.= Not until her mother came back did she go to bed.= She didn’t go to bed until her mother came back.
3. It is clear ( obvious, true, possible, certain) that  该句型中it 是形式主语,真正的主语是 that 引导的主语从句,常译为 “ 清楚(显然,真的,可能的,肯定……)”是主语从句最常见的一种结构。
It is very clear that he's round and tall like a tree. = That he's round and tall like a tree is very clear.   It is certain that he will come.
4. It is important ( necessary, right, strange, natural...) that ...  该句型和上一个同属一个句型。由于主句中的形容词不同,that 后的从句中要用虚拟语气(should + 动词原形),should 可以省去。建议记住该句型中的形容词。
It is important that we (should) learn English well.  
It is necessary that he (should) remember these words.
It is strange that he have so many friends here.
5. It is+ 过去分词 +that 从句
It is reported that there will be a concert this Saturday night.
It is said that the novel has been translated into several foreign languages.
该句型常为: It is said/hoped/thought/supposed/ known / reported /announced /decided /believed /…that…等, 该句型常可以转换成含有宾语从句的复合句或者含有不定式作主语补足语的简单句。
eg: 据说汤姆已经回国了。
It is said that Tom has come back from abroad.= People say that Tom has come back from abroad. =Tom is said to have come back from abroad.
6. It is suggested ( ordered, required  ) that  该句型和上一个同属一个句型。主句中的过去分词是表示请求,建议,命令等词时,that 后的从句要用虚拟语气(should + 动词原形),should 可以省。常译为“ 据建议;有命令”。
It is suggested that the meeting ( should ) be put off.
It was ordered that he ( should ) arrive there in two hours.
7. It is a pity ( a shame ... ) that ...  该句型中,that 后的从句一般用虚拟语气(should + 动词原形),should 可省去.表示出乎意料,常译为“竟然”。没有这种意义时,则不用虚拟语气。
It is a pity that such a thing(should)happen in your class.这种事竟然发生在你班上,真是遗憾!
It is a pity that he is ill. 他生病了,真遗憾!
8. It + is/was + one's turn (duty, pleasure, a pity, great fun, a habit, time, a rule, a shame, no wonder) + to do sth.
It's your turn to be on duty tomorrow.明天轮到你值日了。
It must be great fun to fly to the moon in a spaceship.乘宇宙飞船飞往月球一定很有趣。
It's a pleasure to work with you. 和你一起工作真令人高兴。
It's a good habit to get up early and go to bed early. 早睡早起是好习惯。
9. It is time ( about time , high time ) that ...  该句型中that 后的从句应该用虚拟语气,值得注意的是① 常用过去时态表示虚拟.② 有时也用should + 动词原形,should 不能省。常译为“是(正是)……的时侯……”。
It is time that children should go to bed.  = It is time that children went to bed.
10. It is the first ( second  ) time that … 该句型要和上一个句型区别开来。该句型中的 that 从句不用虚拟语气,而用完成时态。主句的谓语动词的时态是一般现在时,后面从句用现在完成时态;如果是一般过去时,后面从句则用过去完成时态。该结构中 that 可以省去;it 有时用 this 替换,常译为“是第一(二)……次……”。
It is the first time I have been here. = This is the first time I have been here.
It was the first time that I had been there.
11. It is … since ...  该句型主要用作处理瞬间动词的完成时,又要和表示一段时间的时间状语连用的问题。主句中是时间作表语,其时态是现在时或完成时,since 引导的从句通常是一般过去时态,而且是瞬间动词。如果主句是一般过去时,从句则用过去完成时。
It is ( has been ) 5 years since his father died.
12. It is ... when ...  该句型中的 when 引导的是一个时间状语从句,主句中的 it 指时间,表语由具体的时间充当。常译为“当……的时候,是…”。  It was 5 o'clock when he came here.
13. It happens (seems, looks, appears ) that... 该句型中it是形式主语,that 引导的是主语从句,主句中的happen, seem 等词是不及物动词.
It happened ( so happened ) that he met her in the street.   碰巧……
It seems that he will be back in a few days.   看来……
14. It takes (sb.)some time to do sth.“(某人)花……时间做某事”  该句型中的不定式是真正的主语,it是形式主语,句型中的直接宾语是时间。
It took thousands of people many years to build the Great Wall.
It took me three hours to finish the work.我花了三个小时才做完这工作。
15. It + cost/costs + sb. + some money + to do sth.某人花多少钱做某事”
It cost me 80 Yuan to buy the dictionary. 我买这本词典花了 80 元钱。
16. It is no good (use ) doing sth. 该句型中的真正主语是动名词短语,主句中的表语可以是no good , ( not any good ) , no use , ( not any use )
It is no good learning English without speaking English.
17. It doesn't matter whether ( if ) ... 该句型中whether (if) 引导的从句是真正主语,该句型常译为“不论(是否).. 没关系
It doesn't matter if they are old.  It doesn’t matter whether he will come (or not.)
18. It is kind ( of sb. ) to do sth. 某人做某事如何  该句型中的不定式短语是真正主语,如果不定式的逻辑主语是由 of 引起,主句中的形容词必须是能表示逻辑主语特征的形容词。常见的有: bad, brave, careless, clever, cruel, foolish, good (好心的), honest, horrible, kind, lazy, modest, naughty, nice (有教养的), polite, rude, silly, stupid, wise, wrong (错误的)等。这个句型可以改写为:sb. is kind to do sth.  It is kind of you to say so.= You are kind to say so.
19. It is necessary ( for sb. ) to do sth. 某人做某事如何  该句型与上一个同属一个句型。如果不定式的逻辑主语是由for 引起,主句中的形容词通常是表示重要性,紧迫性,频繁程度,难易,安全等情况的形容词。常见的形容词有:① important, necessary, natural  ② easy, safe, common, normal, hard, difficult, dangerous, unusual, rare, impossible, pleasant 等。在①中的形容词作表语可以用从句改写:
It is important for her to come to the party.=It is important that she (should) come to the party
20. It looks ( seems ) as if ... 该句型中it 无意义。 as if  引导一个状语从句。常译为,“看起来好象…… "如果与事实不相符合,则用虚拟语气.
It looks as if he is ill.(真的病了) It looks as if he were ill. (没有生病)
It seemed as if he were dying.
21. We think it important to learn a foreign language.
该句型中的it 作形式宾语。该句型为:(6123结构)
 6 常用动词:think, believe, make, find, consider, feel ; 1 指的是形式宾语it ; 2 指的是宾补的两种形式:形容词或名词 ;3 指的是真正宾语的三种形式:不定式短语,动名词短语或that 引导的宾语从句。 We think it our duty to clean our classroom every day.  
  He felt it important learning English well.  
  They found it difficult that they would finish their work in two days.
it句型巩固练习:

1. The boy became fatter and fatter each day and ___made his parents sad.  A.which  B.what  C.he  D.it
2. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see ____. A.who is he     B.who he is    C.who is it D.who it is

3. In fact, __is a hard job for the police to keep order in an important football match. A.this B.that C.there D.it

4. Tom’s mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but ___didn’t help. A.he  B.which  C.she D.it

5. Does___matter whether he can finish the job on time?  A.this      B.that   C.he   D.it

6. ___used to be thought that the earth was square.  A.He     B.What        C.It     D.That

7. I took ___for granted that he would believe in us. A.that    B.the thing   C.it       D.this

8. He lived in poverty, and he couldn’t help ___.    A.so   B.such      C.it     D.that

9. We had to be patient because it___some time ___we got the full results.  

     A.has been ; since    B.had been ; until    C.was; after      D.would be ; before    

10. ____four years since I joined the army.   A.There was   B.There is       C.It was      D.It is

11. —Have you ever seen a whale alive? — Yes, I’ve seen ___. A.that B.it  C.such  D.one

12. ____being March 12th, they planted trees on the hill.  A.That  B.It is  C.It  D.This

13. —— Was that the new comer who walked by?   —— _____.    

     A.It must be that         B.It must have been   C.He must be   D.This must have been    

14. Our classroom is very clean. Do you know who___cleaned it?     

     A.was it that            B.it was that       C.was it who             D.he was    

15. It’s the third time __ arrived late this month.  A.that you  B.when you C.that you’veD.when you’ve

16. He said, “_____ a long way to school.  _____ a long way to go yet before we arrived.”  

     A.It is ; There is             B.There is ; It is   C.It is ; It is              D.There is; There is

17. ______ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often.   

     A.If it is not       B.Where it not     C.Had it not been           D.If they were not  

18. She finds __ boring __ at home.  A.it;staying B.that;being stayed C.this;to stayD.it;stayed

19. —— Few children are as bright as he is, and also, he works very hard. 

    —— It’s no _____ that he always gets the first place in any examination.    

     A.question            B.doubt      C.problem      D.wonder

20. Now then, children. It’s high time you ______ and dressed.   

     A.washed                   B.should wash      C.were washed        D.are washed   

21.Why did he let you repeat his instruction time and time again?_that I remember what was_after he went out.

     A.To see to it;to be done  B.Making sure;to be done  C.To make sure;to do  D.Seeing to;done

22. ___the people have become the master of their own country___science can really serve the people.

    A.It is only then; that  B.It was that; when  C.It is only when; that     D.It was when; then

23. _____ is no difference between A and B.   A.There  B.Where   C.It   D.What   

24. How long _____ to finish your composition?    

    A.will it take you        B.will take you    C.you will take it       D.you will take  

25. __is just like him to want to do something different from everybody else.
A.It  B.There  C.He   D.Who

 

代词强化练习答案
1B2C3B4D5C6A7B8C9A10B 11C12A13A14C15A16A17A18C19A20A 21D22C23B24D25C26C27B28D29A30B 31B32B33A34B35B36C37C38D39D40D 41A42C43C44D45B46A47C48C49B50D 51C52B53C54C55A56C57B58C59D60D 61B62C63A64B65B66B67D68A69B70D            71A72B73C74C75D76A77C78B79C80D

It句型练习答案

1.D。it指代上文提到的事。另外,指代上文提到的情况,还可用that;指代下文的情况用this。

2.D。it作人称代词,用来指代身份和性别等不明确的人。

3.D。it作形式主语,真正主语为不定式复合结构for sb. to do sth.

4.D。it指代前一分句的内容。

5.D。it作形式主语,代替if从句所表达的内容。

6.C。it作形式主语,代替真正主语that从句。

7.C。it作形式宾语,代替后面的that从句。

8.C。can’t/couldn’t help (it)意为“是没有办法的事”,“控制不了”。

9.D。在it +be+一段时间+before/after/since句型中,before从句中的动作经过该段时间后才会实现;after从句中的动作完成后已经过去了一段时间;since从句中的动作完成后到现在已经有一段时间了。

10.D。参见注9。

11.D。one作为不定代词用来代替上文出现的单数可数名词;it为人称代词,指代前面出现过的某个事物;that常用来指代上文提到的不可数名词。

12.C。it在此指时间,与being March 12th 构成独立主格结构,在句中作状语。

13.B。表示对过去情况的猜测,用“情态动词+have done”;而it代替上文所指的new comer。

14.B。who引导的从句是强调句型,在句中作宾语,用陈述语序。

15.C。it’s the second /third time that 后的从句用完成时态。

16.A。it’s a long way中,it 代替距离,表示“那是一段很长的路”。There is a long way to go.是存在句型,表示“还有一段很长的路要走”。

17.C。Had it not been是if it had not been的倒装形式,意思是“要不是……”。

18.A。it作形式宾语,代替后面的-ing形式短语或不定式短语。

19.D。It’s no wonder that意为“毫无疑问”,“难怪”。而There is no doubt that意为“毫不怀疑”,“毫无疑问”。

20.C。It’s high time that 句型中,that从句应使用虚拟语气。根据dress的用法,应选C。washed和dressed共用助动词were。21.A。第一空为不定式作目的状语,用来回答问句。第二空的主语是what,应用被动意义的to be done. see to it that的意思是“务必使……”,“注意使……”。

22.C。该题为强调句型,强调only when引导的时间状语从句。

23.A。表示“存在区别”应使用there be句型。

24.A。该题包括It takes sb. some time to do sth.这一结构。

25.A。符合句型It’s like sb. to do sth.,句意为“只有他才会做与众不同的事。”



 

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