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英语动词部分语法详解和配套练习  

2012-06-24 10:42:18|  分类: 【英语语法】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 英语动词部分语法详解

 

(一)动词的种类

动词是表示动作或状态的词,按其词义和在句子中的作用可分为行为动词,连系动词,助动词和情态动词。

1.行为动词

行为动词可分为及物动词 (vt)和不及物动词(vi),及物动词表示动作或状态,有完整的词义,能单独作谓语,后跟宾语;不及物动词表示动作或状态,有完整的词义,能单独作谓语,但后面不能直接跟宾语,如要带宾语则与介词或副词构成短语。 如:

More and more people study English.(vt)

The students are listening to the teacher carefully.(vi)

2.连系动词

连系动词本身有一定的词义,但不能独立作谓语,必须与表语一起构成谓语。常用的连系动词有 be, get, turn, become, look, feel, grow, seem, sound, taste, smell等。 如:

Our country is becoming stronger and stronger.     It feels damp. 

3.助动词

助动词本身无词义,不能单独作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词,表示否定,疑问及动词的时态、语态、人称和数等语法特征,助动词有 be,do,have,shall,will等。

如: How do you usually come to school?    The children are playing yo-yo now. 

4.情态动词

情态动词本身有一定的意义,但不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词原形一起构成谓语,表示说话人的语气和情态。情态动词没有人称和数的变化。情态动词有 can (could),may(might),must, need, ought to, dare等。 如: Can I help you?

- Must we go now? –No, you needn't .

a. can与be able to的用法有所区别。can只用于一般现在时和过去时,指本身有能力的“能”;be able to用于各种时态均可,指须经过努力而“能”。

b. must与have/has to的用法。must表示说话人主观认为“必须”,只用于一般现在时和一般将来时;have/has to表示客观需要,意为“不得不”,它可用于各种时态。

c.need和dare既可作情态动词也可作行为动词。

(二)动词不定式

动词不定式 to do没有人称和数的变化,在句中不能独立作谓语,但可以和助动词或情态动词构成谓语,又可以在句子中作宾语、宾语补足语、状语、定语、主语、表语等。但它毕竟是动词,因此,具有动词的许多特点,如它可以有自己的宾语或状语构成不定式短语。 1.作主语。 如: To learn English is very important.

但实际上不定式作主语常用 it来作形式主语,而将不定式移至谓语动词后作真正的主语。如上句可表达为: It's very important to learn English. 

2.作表语。 如: My idea is to ring him up at once. 

3.作宾语。 如: I have decided to go to Binjiang Primary School. 

4.作宾语补足语。a. ask, want, teach, tell, know, would like, allow等动词后面接动词不定式作宾语补足语。 如: The policemen asked him to get off the bus.

b. hear, see, look at, feel, watch, notice, listen to等动词后接不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语。 如: We often see Miss Li clean the classroom.

c. let, make, have这些使役动词后接不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语。但在被动语态中这些不带to的都须带上to。 如: In those days the bosses often made the workers work day and night.

d.动词help接动词不定式作宾语补足语,可带to也可不带to。

如: Can you help me (to) carry the heavy bag? 

5.作定语。

a.与被修饰词有动宾关系。如:I have something important to tell you.但如果不定式动词为不及物动词,后面的介词千万不要省略。如:Maybe they have three rooms to live in.

b.与被修饰词有主谓关系。

如: Mr Liang is always the first to come and the last to leave.

c.与被修饰之间只有修饰关系。 如: I have no time to play cards. 

6.作状语,表示目的、原因、方法、方向、结果等。

如: I'll go to meet my friend at the railway station. 

7.不定式复合结构“for sb. to do sth” 作主语时,常用“It is +adj+ for

of sb. to do sth”的句式。形容词good, bad, polite, unkind, kind, ice, clever,

right, wrong, careful等用“It is +adj +of sb. to do sth.”

其他形容词用 for。 如: It's dangerous for you to ride so fast.

It's very kind of you to help me. 

8.动词不定式与疑问句who, what, which, when, how, where, whether等连用。

如: I don't know when to start.

He didn't tell me where to go.

但上面结构相当于一个从句,故上述句子也可表达为:

I don't know when we'll start.

He didn't tell me where he would go. 

注意: a.有些动词或动词短语不能带不定式,只能接动词的-ing形式。 如:enjoy, finish, keep, mind, miss(错过),be busy, go on, keep on, be worth, practise等。

如: The peasants are busy picking apples.

Would you mind my opening the door?

b.有些动词后可接不定式,也可接动词的-ing形式,但意思不同。

如: Lu Jian forgot to post the letter.(该寄但还没做)

Lu Jian forgot posting the letter.(已经寄过信了)

They stopped to sing a song.(停止在做的工作而去做另一件工作)

They stopped singing.(停止正在做的工作)  

“主谓一致”解题指导

一、主谓一致
主谓一致有许多原则,概括起来不外乎三种一致原则,即语法形式一致,概念一致(语言内容上一致),毗邻一致(谓语动词的单复数形式和紧位于其前的主语一致)。
1. 语法形式一致
(1)单数主语、单个动词不定式、动名词短语以及句子作主语,谓语动词要用单数形式。复数主语,用and或both…and连接的动词不定式短语、动名词短语以及主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用复数形式。例如: 1) The performance was very funny. 2) Serving the people is my great happiness. 3) Whether we’ll go depends on the weather. 4) Many natural materials are becoming scarce. 5) Both you and I are students. 6) What I think and what I seek have been fairly reflected in my paper.
(2)由as well as, with, along with, like, together with, rather than, except, but, including, accompanied by, plus, besides, in addition to, no less than 等引起的结构跟在主语后面,不能看作是并列主语,该主语不受这些词组引导的插入语的影响,主语如是单数,其谓语动词仍然用单数形式。例如:
1) My mother, as well as my father, has a key to the office.
2) The man together with his wife and children sits there watching TV.
3) His sister no less than you is wrong.
4) The reading course book, plus its reference books, is helpful to college students.
 (3)有些代词只能指单数可数名词,当它们在句子中作主语时,尽管在意义上是多数,谓语动词仍要用单数形式。这类代词有either, neither, each, one, the other, another, somebody, someone, something, anyone, anything, anybody, everyone, everything, everybody, no one, nothing, nobody等。例如:
1) Neither likes the friends of the other. (两人都不喜欢对方的朋友。)
2) Everything around us is matter. (我们周围的所有东西都是物质。)
 (4)在neither of与either of的结构里,一般语法书都认为谓语动词可用单数形式也可用复数形式,但在美国的TOEFL考试内要求用单数形式。例如:
1) Neither of them was in good health, but both worked very hard.
2) Has either of them been seen recently?
 (5)当and连结的两个名词是指同一个人或同一件事,and后的名词前没有冠词,谓语动词应该用单数形式;在and后面的名词前有冠词,谓语就用复数形式。例如:
1)The bread and butter is served for breakfast. (早饭供应黄油面包。)
2)The bread and the butter are on sale. (正在出售黄油和面包。)
(6)当one of结构作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:
1)One of those students has passed the examination.
2)A series of pre-recorded tapes has been prepared for language laboratory use.
(7)plenty of, half of, a lot of, lots of等 + 可数与不可数名词作主语时,不可数名词的谓语只用单数,可数名词的谓语视可数名词的单复数而定。例如:
1)Half of this building is to be completed by spring.
2)Half of the buildings have been painted completely.
3)There is plenty of water in the pail.
4)There are plenty of eggs in the box.
(8)如果名词词组中心词是“分数或百分数 + of + 名词”,谓语动词的单、复数形式取决于of后的名词或代词的单、复数形式。例如:
1)Over three-quarters of the swampland has been reclaimed.
2)Two-thirds of the people present are against the plan.
(9)定语从句谓语动词的单复数形式应与先行词一致。例如:
1)He is one of the men who were chosen to represent the group.
2)“Keep cool” is the first of the rules that are to be remembered in an accident.
注:当one之前有the only等限定词修饰时,定语从句的谓语动词用单数形式。例如:
He is the only one of those boys who is willing to take on another assignment.
2.概念一致(语言内容上一致)
(1)有些集合名词如crowd, family, team, orchestra(管弦乐队), group, government, committee, class, school, union, firm, staff, public等,它们作主语时,谓语动词的数要根据语言内容而定。如果它们作为一个集体单位时,动词用单数形式,如就其中的各个成员来说,则谓语用复数形式。例如:
1)His family is going to move.
2)His family are very well.
3)The public is / are requested not to leave litter in the park.
注:如这类词后跟有定语从句时,定语从句的谓语动词也遵循概念一致的原则,强调具体成员时,谓语动词用复数,关系代词用who; 强调整体时,谓语动词用单数,关系代词用which。例如:
1)The government who were responsible for this event attempted to find a solution.
2)The government which was responsible for this event attempted to find a solution.
 (2)有些表示总称意义的名词,形式上是单数,而意义上却是复数,谓语动词要用复数形式,如people, police, militia, cattle, poultry(家禽)等。例如:
1)Cattle were allowed to graze on the village common.
2)The police are searching for a tall dark man with a beard.
 (3)有些名词形式上是复数,而意义上却是单数。如news, means, works.还有许多以ics结尾的学科名称,如economics, physics, mechanics, politics等,它们作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。例如: 1)Politics is a complicated business.
2)Here is the news.
 (4)复数主语与each连用时,应不受each的影响,谓语动词仍用复数形式。例如:
4) The old workers and the young each have their own tools.
 (5)表示重量、度量、衡量、价值的复数名词作主语,谓语动词常用单数形式。例如:
1) Twenty miles is a long way to walk.
2) Three pints isn’t enough to get me drunk.
 (6)国家、单位和书报的名称,作为一个单一的概念,其谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:
1)War and Peace is the longest book I’ve read.
(8)the +形容词作主语时,如主语指的是一类人,谓语动词用复数形式;如果指的是单个人或抽象概念,谓语动词用单数形式。例如:
1) The blind are taught trades in special schools.
2) The departed was a good friend of his.
3.毗邻一致(就近原则)
 (1)由连词or, neither…or, either…or, not only … also, nor等连接的并列主语,谓语动词的单复数形式按毗邻一致的原则,与贴近它的主语一致。例如:
1) He or you have taken my pen.
2) Either you or he is no telling the truth.
3) Not only the switches but also the old wiring has been changed.
 (2)在there be 的结构中,谓语动词的单复数形式一般也采取就近原则。例如:
1)There is a desk and four benches in the office.
2)There are two chairs and a desk in the office. 
 

 英语动词部分语法专项练习题及答案         

动词专练(一)

 1. Mr Smith’s plane _______ . Let’s wait for him here .

  A. hasn’t arrived  B. didn’t arrive  C. doesn’t arrive  D. couldn’t arrive

 2. Almost all the water _______ gone . Please save water !

  A. are       B. is        C. have     D. were

 3. — Look ! There is a tall tree over there . Can you _______ , Dave ?

   — Yes , let me have a try .

  A. fall off it      B. send up       C. come down it      D. climb up it

 4. Mr Li is out . But he _______ here ten minutes ago.

  A. was      B. is        C. will be        D. would be

 5. — Look ! The bus is coming .      — But it’s full of people . We can’t _______ it .

  A. get off           B. get down      C. get on with        D. get on

 6. It’s six o’clock now . It’s time _______ .

  A. get up    B. got up    C. to get up      D. getting up

 7. Jane _______ a new dress every month when she was in Shanghai .

  A. buys     B. is buying      C. bought           D. will buy

 8. Everyone except Tom and John _______ there when the meeting began .

  A. is        B. was         C. are          D. were

 9. The flowers start to _______ in spring .

  A. come in       B. come out      C. come form        D. come to

 10. Excuse me . May I _______ you to pass me the sugar ?

  A. keep     B. make     C. let       D. trouble

 11. — Who jumps the farthest in your school ?

   — Henry _______ .  A. does         B. jumps        C. has      D. is

 12. You were on the farm yesterday , _______ you ?

  A. didn’t        B. don’t         C. aren’t        D. weren’t

 13. The girl enjoys _______ to the radio very much .

  A. listen         B. to listen       C. listening          D. listened

 14. Mr King _______ in Beijing since 1980 . He teaches English in a middle school .

  A. lives      B. is living       C. lived         D. has lived

 15. How long may I _______ the library book , please ?

  A. lend      B. keep      C. borrow       D. return

 16. — Where is Tom ?   — He hasn’t come to school today . I think he _______ be ill .

  A. has to        B. should        C. may         D. need

 17. Let’s _______ a talk about learning Chinese .

  A. had      B. having        C. to have       D. have

 18. There _______ some milk in the glass .  A. is        B. are       C. have         D. has

 19. Li Ping studied hard , _______ he ?  A. was      B. did       C. wasn’t           D. didn’t

 20. The bag is light . Wang Ping can _______ it by herself .

  A. find      B. watch        C. carry        D. learn

 21. I want to be a doctor when I _______ .

  A. grow up      B. talk about     C. agree with        D. get up

 22. It’s very hot here . You’d better _______ your coat .

  A. put on    B. get on    C. take off       D. put in

 23. Both Kate and I _______ ready for the picnic now .

  A. is not        B. is getting      C. are getting        D. am getting

 24. He _______ the bus and found a seat next to the window .

  A. gets on       B. got on        C. gets off       D. got off

 25. Please write to me as soon as you _______ Shanghai .

  A. arrive        B. reach        C. got to        D. come

 26. I _______ a letter from him since he left .

  A. didn’t receive      B. haven’t got        C. didn’t have        D. haven’t heard

 27. Remember to _______ the lights after school .

  A. turn off       B. turn down     C. turn up       D. turn on

 28. — _______ I visit Lucy on Sunday , Mum ?        — Yes , you _______ .

  A. Must ; can        B. May ; may        C. Need ; need           D. May ; need

 29. A talk on Chinese history _______ in the school hall next week .

  A. is given       B. has been given     C. will be given       D. will give

 30. Do you think _______ an English film tomorrow night ?

  A. is there              B. there is going to have

  C. there is going to be      D. will there be

 31. He wasn’t feeling well . He had to _______ .

  A. stops working         B. stop working  C. stops to work         D. stop to work

 32. The twins _______ from Canada .  A. are       B. is        C. am       D. be

 33. — Excuse me . Where is the zoo ?

   — Sorry , I don’t know . Ask that policeman . He _______ know .

  A. shall         B. may         C. need         D. would

 34. Mother told me _______ some clothes last night .

  A. wash        B. to wash       C. washed       D. washing

 35. Miss Gao isn’t here . She _______ to the station to meet Mr. Brown .

  A. went     B. has gone      C. has been      D. would go

 36. I will tell you how to get to the place ; you’d better _______ it _______ .

  A. try ; on       B. get ; off       C. take ; down       D. pick ; up

 37. You can _______ what is happening on the other side of the world by telephone .

  A. see      B. make     C, hear      D. learn

 38. Germany and Great Britain are __ countries , but China and India are __ ones .

  A. developing ; developed          B. developed ; to develop

  C. developed ; developing          D. to develop ; developing

 39. This key _______ for locking the door .

  A. is used           B. used      C. use      D. are used

 40. — Must I finish my homework now ?

   — No , you _______ . You _______ do it this evening .

  A. mustn’t ; can      B. needn’t ; may      C. can’t ; must       D. needn’t ; must

 41. The doctor _______ the old man carefully and found something wrong with him .

  A. looked at      B. looked up     C. looked over           D. looked for

 42. The greedy inn-keeper once made the poor heroine _______ twice a day .

  A. dance     B. dances           C. danced           D. to dance

 43. The VIPs (Very Important Persons ) from 21 countries will _______ the APEC in Shanghai this autumn .  A. hold      B. take part in    C. join      D. attend

 44. The government will _______ some new colleges for more students to receive higher education .  A. set up    B. set out    C. put down     D. put on

 45. Computers _______ process difficult problems very , very quickly .

  A. must     B. need      C. should        D. can

 46. — Excuse me . Will you please tell me the way to the railway station ?

   — Oh , sorry ,but I don’t know . You _______ go and ask that policeman .

  A. may      B. must         C. would        D. should

 47. — Do you still remember _______ me somewhere in Beijing ?

   — Yes , of course . Two years ago .  A. to see     B. see       C. seeing    D. saw

 48. If you have got something to ask your teacher in class , you’d better _______ .

  A. stay on your feet           B. stay away from school

  C. stay on for a bit        D. stay out so late

 49. When the headmaster came into the hall , all the students _______ to welcome him .  A. sat down      B. went out      C. stood up      D. turned back

 50. — People now can know what is happening in the world quickly .

   — You’re right . With the help of computers , news can _______ every corner of the would .  A. get       B. arrive     C. return    D. reach

 51. — It’s a lovely day , _______ it ?   — Yes . Let’s go out for a walk .

  A. doesn’t       B. haven’t       C. aren’t        D. isn’t

* 52. — We can use MSN to _______ with each other on the net .

   — Really ? Will you show me how to use it ?  A. speak        B. talk      C. say      D. tell

 53. — What does the sentence “Don’t trouble trouble till trouble _______ you .” mean ?

   — Sorry , I have to idea .  A. trouble       B. troubles       C. troubled      D. will trouble

 54. — _______ your sweater _______ , please .

   — OK , but there is no room is this clothes bag .

  A. Put ; up       B. Put ; down    C. Put ; away     D. Put ; on

 55. — I have bought an English-Chinese dictionary .

   — When and where _______ you _______ it ?

  A. do ; buy      B. did ; buy      C. have ; bought      D. will ; buy

 56. — Let’s have a test , shall we ?   — Not now . I don’t want to stop _______ yet .

  A. work     B. to work       C. works        D. working

 57. — What a nice garden !   — It _______ every day .

  A. is cleaning     B. has cleaned    C. must clean     D. is cleaned

 58. — Did you work out the problem , Tom ?

   — Yes , of course . I _______ to the teacher’s .

  A. have just been         B. have just got

  C. have just come         D. have just gone

 59. — Please wait for me here . I’ll come back soon .

   — All right . We’ll _______ the library till you come back .

  A. leave         B. reach     C. stay at        D. wait for

 60. — Will you please go swimming with me ?

   — Of course . I’ll _______ .  A. glad to        B. want        C. want to       D. be glad to

 61. — _______ do you _______ about spring ?   — The flowers and the green trees .

  A. How ; like     B. How ; think       C. What ; think       D. What ; like

 62. This book _______ Lucy’s . Look ! Her name is on the book cover .

  A. must be       B. may be       C. can’t be      D. mustn’t be

 63. — I hear your father ____ to Japan once .   — Yes . He _____ there last year .

  A. went ; has been     B. has been ; went     C. goes ; went       D. has been ; has been

 64. — Mike wants to know if _______ a picnic tomorrow .

   — Yes . But if it _______ , we’ll visit the museum instead .

  A. you have ; will rain         B. you will have ; will rain

  C. you will have ; rains        D. will you have ; rains

 65. Their telephone number is 7035707 . Have you _______ ?

  A. written it down            B. written down it

  C. written them down         D. written down them

 66. — I’m sorry I _______ my homework at home .

   — That’s all right . Don’t forget _______ it to school this afternoon .

  A. forget ; take       B. forget ; to bring     C. left ; to take       D. left ; to bring

 67. We usually have six lessons a day , and each of them _______ 45 minutes .

  A. last      B. lasts      C. have         D. need

 68. The children are often asked _______ loudly in the library . They must keep quiet .

  A. to speak      B. not to speak       C. don’t speak           D. not speak

 69. I’m going shopping now . I _______ home soon .

  A. return    B. will be back       C. come back    D. go back

 70. — My good friend Mike wants to be a soldier when he grows up .

   — So _______ I .     A. do       B. am       C. will      D. should

 71. It _______ ten years since they _______ to France .

  A. was ; moved  B. was ; have moved  C. is ; have moved  D. is ; moved

 72. — Excuse me , could you tell me the way to the post office ?

   — Go along this road , and _______ the first turning on the right . Then you will find it .

  A. turn      B. take      C. make     D. walk

 73. Today , the forests have almost gone . People must __ down too many trees .

  A. stop to cut            B. stop from cutting

  C. be stopped to cut          D. be stopped from cutting

 * 74. — I’m afraid no one will agree with you .   — I don’t think it _______ .

  A. minds        B. matters       C. works        D. troubles

 75. — You must come back every month .   — Yes , I _______ .

  A. will      B. must     C. should        D. can

 76. The doctor did what he could _______ that child .

  A. save      B. to save           C. saved        D. saving

 77. Mother said that cooking _______ much time every day .

  A. paid      B. spent         C. made        D. took

 78. I can’t understand _______ the boy alone .

  A. why she left          B. why did she leave

  C. why had she left           D. why she had left

 79. — Hi , Kate .   — Hi , Mary . I _______ you were here .

  A. don’t know       B. don’t think     C. think     D. didn’t know

 80. He _______ wait until the rain _______ .

  A. won’t ; will stop           B. won’t ; stop  C. will ; stops           D. will ; will stop

 81. Cars and buses _______ stop when the traffic lights are red .

  A. can      B. need      C. must     D. may

 82. Will you please _______ your shoes on the floor ?

  A. not to drop        B. not drop      C. don’t drop     D. not dropping

 83. Linda often ____her homework in the evening , but this evening she ______ TV .

  A. does ; watches         B. is doing ; watches

  C. does ; is watching      D. is doing ; is watching

 84. Your daughter is very ill . Have you _______ a doctor ?

  A. sent for       B. heard from    C. paid for       D. looked after

 85. — Your coat looks nice . Is it _______ cotton ?   — Yes . It’s _______ Shanghai .

  A. made of ; made by         B. made of ; made in

  C. made for ; made by         D. made for ; made in

 86. — So you went to see the film with Tom .   — Yes . Bob _______ with me .

  A. won’t go     B. isn’t going     C. doesn’t go     D. wouldn’t go

 87. — Excuse me . Where ‘s the Science Museum ?

   — Take No. 3 bus and _______ at the fourth stop .

  A. get on    B. get off    C. get up    D. get to

 88. — How do you like Beijing , Mr Black ?   — Oh , I _______ such a beautiful city .

  A. don’t visit     B. didn’t visit     C. haven’t visited     D. haven’t visited

 89. — Did Jack come for the meeting last night ?

   — No . He was so tired that he soon _______ in his room .

  A. fell behind        B. fell off        C. fell asleep     D. fell over

 90. — What do you _______ breakfast ?   — Fresh oranges , milk , bread and eggs .

  A. cook with     B. pay for       C. have for      D. think of

 91. — Your name again ? I _______ quite catch it .   — Federico MacAdam .

  A. didn’t        B. don’t         C. wouldn’t         D. won’t

 92. — Is Mrs. Green in ?

   — I’m afraid she isn’t . Would you like to _______ a message ?

  A. take      B. call      C. keep     D. leave

 93. If you finish reading my book , please _______ to me .

  A. give it again       B. give again it       C. give back it    D. give it back

 94. This is an old photo of mine when I _______ .

  A. have short hairs        B. had short hairs

  C. have short hair         D. had short hair

 95. This shirt is so nice , but it _______ too much .

  A. pays     B. costs     C. takes     D. spends

 96. — Can I _______ this book ?        — Yes , but you mustn’t _______ it to othrs .

  A. lend ; borrow      B. borrow ; keep      C. borrow ; lend      D. lend ; keep

 97. When we were on holiday , we _______ too much money .

  A. spent     B. cost      C. took      D. paid

 98. — _______ to the United States ?

   — No , never , but I went to Canada a few years ago .

  A. Have you been     B. Have you gone     C. Did you go    D. Will you go

 99. _______ cross the road before the traffic lights turn green .

A. Not      B. Won’t    C. Don’t     D. Doesn’t

动词专练(二) 

单项选择:

1. The no. 12 bus __________ to the Town Hall and not to the station.

A. has come             B. has been going         C. goes                   D. is going

2. Don't use that pen. It __________ smoothly .

A. didn't write    B. don't write          C. doesn't write            D. isn't write

3. If it __________, I won't go for a walk.

A. rains            B. will rain            C. rained                 D. rain

4. The child is playing while his mother __________ dinner.

A. cooked        B. cooks               C. was cooking            D. is cooking

5. He __________ in a cotton factory these day.

A. is working      B. works                C. will be working               D. has been working

6. Don't turn off the light I __________a report now.

A. have been reading    B. read           C. am reading              D. have read

7. John __________ the first party in his life tomorrow night.

A. is given           B. is giving                 C. has given                       D. has been giving

8. My uncle __________ to see me. He'll be here soon.

A. comes             B. is coming                C. had come                D. came

9. At this moment I __________ we have a good chance of victory.

A. feel                 B. am feeling              C. felt                         D. am felt

10. My uncle never __________ a hat even in winter.

A. is wearing        B. are being worn        C. wore                      D. wears

11. By next December, I __________ fifty-five.

A. will have to be   B. will have been                C. will be being           D. shall be

12. Look at these black clouds __________.

A. It'll rain           B. It's going to rain      C. It'll be raining                D. It is to rain

13. Look out! That tree __________ fall down.

A. is going to       B. will be                    C. shall                       D. would

14. "Have you read the book I gave you?"

   "No, but __________ going to read it soon."

A. I'd be              B. I'll be                     C. I've been                 D. I'm

15. We __________ for Shanghai tonight.

A. are starting      B. starts                      C. started                    D. have started

16. I think she __________ right now.

A. reading            B. reads                      C. is reading                D. read

17. Before long, he __________ all about the matter.

A. will have forgotten    B. will forget       C. forgets                    D. forgot

18. We don't go unless you __________ soon.

A. had come         B. came                      C. has said                  D. has been saying

19. Do be quiet! I'm trying to hear what the man __________.

A. says                       B. is saying                 C. has said                  D. has been saying

20. Smith__________ his friends for money.

A. often ask          B. is often asking          C. often asks               D. has been asked

21. Twelve inches __________ one foot.

A. make               B. makes                     C. is making                D. will make

22. While Connie ___ a baseball match, her sister is typewriting a letter in her office.

A. Has watched     B. watches              C. is watching             D. has been watching

23. James Watt __________ the steam engine  

A. was inventing    B. invented                 C. had invented           D. has invented

24. "The possibility of the flood was just reported over the radio."

"I know. I heard abut it. The river __________ the top of its bank."

A. got                   B. get                         C. gets                        D. has got

25. "Where's your uncle's home?" __________ in Boston in the past years.

A. He's lived        B. He's living              C. He lives                  D. He lived

26. I __________ him a lot during the past two weeks.

A. saw                 B. have seen                C. had seen                 D. am seeing

27. They can't leave until they __________ their work.

A. did                  B. are doing                       C. have done               D. had done

28. Will you please lend me the book when you __________ it?

A. will finish        B. have finished           C. will have finished    D. finishing

29. Is that the first time you __________ Beijing?

A. have visited     B. would visited          C. visited                    D. have been visiting

30. She has worked in this factory __________.

A. after 1968        B. in 1968                   C. since 1968              D. for 1968

31. __________ three years since i left school. Now I miss my classmate very much.

A. It was              B. It have been            C. It is                        D. It had been

32. My parents have lived here __________.

A. since 1952       B. for many years ago    C. many yeas ago         D. since 1952 ago

33. My parents have lived here __________.

A. It have been     B. It is                        C. It was                     D. That is

34. So far, she __________ her holiday very much.

A. hasn't enjoyed   B. didn't enjoy             C. doesn't enjoy           D. was not enjoy

35. "Your arm is bleeding !" "Yes, I __________ it with a knife."

A. hurt                       B. was hurting             C. have just hurt          D. had hurt

36. His grandfather __________ for thirty years.

A. died                       B. was dead                 C. has been dead          D. has died

37. My brother __________ the Youth League for two years.

A. has been in      B. has entered              C. has taken part          D. has joined

38. They will be as tall as you soon, it they __________.

A. would help growing like that                       B. keep to grow like it

C. keep growing like that                          D. will keep growing like that

39. We used to go skiing in the Michigan every winter, but __________ for the past five seasons.

A. I don't go         B. I haven't gone          C. I'm not going          D. I didn't go

40. "Have you read the book I gave you?"

"No, But __________ going to read it soon."

A. I'd be              B. I'll be                       C. I've been                 D. I'm

41. I will come when I __________ free.

A. will be            B. shall be                   C. was                        D. am

42. When I arrived in Birmingham the sun __________.

A. has been shining              B. shone              C. has shone                D. was shining

43. James has just arrived, but I didn't know he __________ until yesterday.

A. will come               B. was coming      C. has been coming      D. comes

44. "I heard you talking to somebody just now." "Oh, I __________ to myself."

A. have only talked    B. only talk    C. was only talking        D. have only been talking

45. The teacher __________ it was important to know English grammar.

A. had always been saying                 B. was always saying

C. had always had said                      D. was always said

46. As he __________ I couldn't ask him anything.

A. will already left                            B. have already left

C. had already left                            D. already leaves

47. By the end of last term, We __________ 2, 500 words.

A. had learned             B. has learned       C. has been learned      D. learned

48. When we got to the airport, we found that the plane __________.

A. had already taken off                           B. already took off

C. was already taken off                           D. was already taking off

49. As soon as John's mother __________ out, he stole some food.

A. goes                B. had gone                 C. was going               D. were going

50. The singer had lived in California before he __________ university.

A. had been sent  B. had been sending     C. was sending            D. was sent

51. The singer had lived in California before he __________ university.

A. would return    B. had return               C. will return              D. should return

52. It was December 20. In five days it would be Christmas Day. The Lord Mayor , together with overseas students, __________ to celebrate it .

A. was going         B. will go                   C. is going                  D. went

53. When I reached the station, the train __________ already __________.

A. had ... left       B. were ... leaving       C. was ... left              D. had ....been left

54. While I __________ my breakfast the morning post came.

A. had had           B. had been having      C. was having              D. have had

55. By eleven o'clock yesterday, we __________ at the airport.

A. had arrived      B. have arrived            C. shall arrive              D. arrive

56. I was hungry. I __________ nothing all day.

A. ate                  B. had eaten                       C. had been eating       D. have eaten

57. "My father will be here tomorrow." —"Oh, I thought that he __________ today."

A. was coming     B. is coming                C. will come               D. comes

58. I thought that honesty __________ the best policy.

A. was                 B. is                           C. were                       D. been

59. When I was at middle school, I knew that William Shakespeare _____ in 1564.

A. was born                B. had been born                C. is born                    D. has born

60. He is so rich that be __________ to work.

A. hasn't been       B. haven't                    C. doesn't have            D. isn't being  

动词专练(三)

用所给动词的正确形式填空:

1. Li Ping often __________ (read) English in the morning.

2. __________ he __________ (clean) the windows once a week.

3. The workers __________ (have) sports on the playground now.

4. How long __________ you __________ (stay) there the day before yesterday.

5. Who __________ (listen) to the music?

6. When I __________ (be) a middle school student, I often __________ (sing).

7. His parents __________(go) to the Great Wall tomorrow morning.

8. __________ they __________ (study) Japanese next term?

9. What time __________ you __________ (do) your homework everyday.

10. Look! The students __________ (clean) the classroom.

11. What _________ your after _________ (do) yesterday?

—He _________ (write) two letters.

12. There __________ (be) a football match on TV this evening.

13. My father __________ (leave) for Japan tomorrow morning.

14. Tom __________ (not listen) to the radio every morning.

15. __________ (be) there any hospitals here twenty years ago?

16. I __________ (come) to see you again before long.

17. __________ there __________ (be) an English evening next Saturday?

18. __________ your uncle __________ (have) a meeting last Friday?

19. What __________ the young Pioneers __________ (do) on the hill now?

20. They __________ (not go) fishing on Sunday.

21. How many classes __________ you __________ (have) every day.

22. It's seven in the evening, Tom's family __________ (watch) TV.

23. He __________ (join) the army in 1985. He __________ (be) still in the army how.

24. I __________ (visit) my friend next Sunday.

25. If it snows tomorrow, we __________ (play) with snow.

26. I __________ (make) a lot of mistakes in my test yesterday.

27. __________ it __________ (snow) outside now? —No, it __________.

28. Where __________ they __________ (live)? They _______ (live) in Shanghai.

29. If it __________ (rain) this morning, we won't go shopping.

30. Listen! Who _________(sing)in the next room?

31. The teacher _________(not teach)us a Chinese song,he ________(teach)us an English song two days ago.

32. If I am free this evening,I ________(help)you with your maths.     

33. ________you ________(be)there tomorrow? No,I ________.

34. Where _________(be)your parents last year? They ________(be)in Xi'an.

35. Why _______ they _______(go)to the library after school yesterday? Because they _________(want)to borrow some books.

36. What _______ you _______(do)these days?

37. Don't make a noise. Grandma _________(sleep).

38. Sometimes he _________(help)his mother with the housework.

39. Please write to us as soon as you _________(get)there.

40. We ________(show)the foreign friends around Beijing when they get here.

41. We'll wait till you _______(make)up your mind.

42. They ______ just _______(talk)about you.

43. Where _____he ______(be)? He _________(be)to the bank.

44. ______ you______(visit)the Science Museum? ---Yes,I________.

45. ______she ______(tell)you the good news? ---No,she _______.

46. How long ____ your mother ____(teach)English in this school? ---For ten years.

47. We _______ already _______(draw)five pictures.

48. My grandson ______________(be)ill for a week.

49. ________ the train _________(arrive)?---No,not yet.

50. Our physics teacher __________(not come)to work today,because he is ill.

51. My brother __(make) o many American friends since he went there two years ago.

52. She _______(work)in a factory for three years before she went to college.

53. Mr. Brown _______________(live)in London for ten years by the end of last month.

54. How many English words _______ you _______(learn)by the end of last term?

55. ______ they _______(pick)all the apples before the farmer got there?

56. I didn't return the book to the library,because I _________(not finish)reading it.

57. The boy said that he ___________(not break)the window.

58. Jack said that he ___________ (not go) over his lessons yet.

59. John told me that he ___________ (fly) to Japan next Wednesday.

60. Did she say when she ___________ (be) back tomorrow?

61. The head master said he _______ (meet) some foreigners at the station soon.

62. I wondered if our team ___________ (win) this evening.

63. He said he ___________ (not make) the same mistakes again.

63. He said he ___________ (not make) the same mistakes again.

64. We ___________ (have) a meeting at that time.

65. Tom ___________ (not have) breakfast yesterday morning.

66. Did he know he ___________ (have) an English lest the next day?

67. ___________ your father ___________ (go) to work by bike every day?

68. Mr Wang ___________ (teach) us maths since 1990

69. They will have a trip to the Great Wall if it ___________ (not rain) next Sunday.

70. When I got home my grandmother ___________(make)cakes

71. I ___________ (give) the note to him as soon as school is over.

72. The English song ___________ (teach) now over the radio.

73. English ___________ (speak) all over the world.

74. The Great Green Wall must ___________ (build) in the world.

75. Can the report ___________ (write)in English?

76. The mountain will ___________ (cover) with the trees in a few years.

77. The young trees must ___________ (tie) to the stick to keep it straight.

78. So far, many man-made satellites have ___________ (send) up into space.

79. English ___________ (speak) in Canada.

80. Tennis ___________ (invent) a hundred years ago.

81. It ________ (snow) hard now. We'd better ________ (not go) home right now.

82. These exercises must ___________ (do) by yourself.

83. Our teacher told us time ___________ (be) life.

84. We ___________ (not see) each other since he ___________ (leave) here.

85. ___________you ever ___________(ride) a horse before?

86. Miss Green ___________(be) in China for 6 years.

87. We ___________ never ___________ (be) to Hawaii.

88. You'd better try to give up ___________ (smoke). It's too bad to your health.

89. Who is doing well in ___________ (describe) things?

90. Have you finished ___________ (read) the book?

91. Have you saw someone ___________ (ski) before?

92. Can a shark stop ___________ (swim)? —No, It can't

93. You'd better try ___________ (do) it by yourself.

94. The students kept ___________(talk)about the football match.

95. I had a computer lessons first. Then I went on ___________ (have) tennis lessons.

96. He hopes ___________ (see) the famous football player as soon as possible.

97. The boy kept ___________ (ask) strange questions to his teacher, it made the teacher unhappy.

98. Edison enjoyed ___________ (try) his new ideas.

99. He asked me ___________ (speak) loudly.

100. Students must study hard ___________ (make) our country strong.

101. The policeman made him ___________ (stand) in the rain for half an hour.

102. Would you like something nice ___________ (eat)

103. I can't decide which sweater ___________ (choose)

104. He hasn't decided whether choose (tell) the truth.

105. He told me where ___________ (buy) a computer.

106. Will you please ___________ (not talk) in the reading room.

107. I have a lot of work ___________ (do).

108. Why not ___________ (come) a little earlier?

109. I'm sorry ___________ (hear) that.

110. When did you finish ___________ (pack) ?

111. ___________ (talk) with her is a great pleasure.

112. English is not so easy ___________ (learn) well.

113. When makes him ___________ (think) I am a scientist.

114. I forgot ___________ (bring) my textbook with me.

115. Last night I heard Mike ___________ (cry) in the room.

116. My idea is ___________ (have) a meeting at once.

117. At night, the robot watched him ____ (sleep). It knew everything about Mr. Mott.

118. In the country, he can hear birds _______ (sing) and sheep _______ (bleat)

119. My job is ___________ (feed) the animals.

120. In about 600 years, we will hardly have enough space __(stand) in on the earth.

121. Forest help to keep water from ___________ (run) away.

122. He printer is used for ___________ (print) documents.

123. He is busy ___________ (write) his composition.

124. The film is worth ___________ (see).

125. They prefer to _______(stay) at home rather than _______ (play) basketball.

126. Your opinion is worth ___________ (consider).

127. Ed starts ___________ (carry) the bag, but trips over his shoes.

128. We are going to have lots of fun ____ (hike) and ______ (eat) a new kind fruit.

129. Are you good at ___________ (read) maps?

130. Mary heard her father ___________ (say) he would set off the next week.

131. Do you enjoy ___________ (live) here?

132. My father likes ___________ (read) newspaper in the evening.

133. There is nothing ___________ (worry) about.

134. A computer tells the robot what ___________ (do).

135. He always tells us how ___________ (learn) English well.

136. It took me about an hour ___________ (go) to work by bus.

137. The box is too heavy ___________ (carry).

138. Cody is a good dog. He likes ___________ (follow) people.

139. They want ___________ (take) some fruit with them.

140. My father often tells me _ (not swim) in the river because it's over 4 metres deep.

141. Ann had no time ___________ (open) these presents.

142. Let the boy ___________ (do) it by himself.

143. When I saw him, he was busy ___________ (read) a new  

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