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中考英语试题分类汇编专题九、任务型阅读(3)  

2012-06-16 15:10:48|  分类: 【初中试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语试题分类汇编专题九、任务型阅读(3)  


(2010·吉林省通化市,XI,10)选词填空

从下面方框中选择适当的选项填入短文中,使短文通顺、完整。选项中有两个选项是多余选项。


A.leaves   B.Then   C.large   D.learned   E.ones   F.grow

G:thick    H:flowers  I.means  J:took    K:easy   L:our

   


Everybody  loves oranges.They are sweet and juicy.They’re in sections(分瓣),so it is 61_________to eat them.Some oranges do not have any seeds .Some have a 62________skin(果皮),and some have a thin skin.

The orange tree is beautiful .It has a lot of shiny green 63________.The small white flowers smell very sweet.An orange tree has 64______and fruit at the same time.

There were orange trees twenty millions years ago.The oranges were very small,not like the 65_______today.The orange trees probably came from China.Many different kinds of wild oranges 66_________in China today.The Chinese started to raise orange trees about 4,400 years ago.

Farmers in other parts of Asia and the Middle East 67 ________to raise oranges from the Chinese 68_________they taught Europeans .The Spanish planted orange trees in the New World(North and South America).They 69__________them to Florida first .Oranges are a very important crop to Florida today.

In English ,orange 70._________both a fruit and a color.We use the name of the fruit for the color.

【答案】KGAHE   FDBJI

(2010·陕西省,五,10)

任务型阅读

David is in his school curling(冰壶运动)team in Scotland. He also plays for two clubs.Let’s listen to his story and learn more about curling.

  “I first started playing four years ago when I was 10 years old .My father,my brother and  sister all curl and I would go and watch them play. I enjoy curling because I like the feeling of playing on real ice.I also like it because it is mentally challengint(智力挑战).In the play,you have to think about how to achieve your goal and how to beat the other team.”

   “Sweeping(清扫冰道)is probably the most difficult part of the game.It is vey important because this decides the speed of the stone and keeps it straight.”

   “Games can go on for three or four hours and I play about three times a week.Some of my friends thought it was funny when I started curling.Then they tried it and now they play it,too.’

   “Curling has been a Winter Olympic game since 1998.I would like to play at the Winter  Olympics in the future.I would surely recommend(推荐) curling to everyone,because it’s different from other sports.”

1.       David plays for __________and ____________in Scotland.

2.       He enjoys curling because he likes ________________on real ice and it’s also _____________.

3.       The most difficult part of the game must be______________.

4.       A curling game can go on for __________________.

5.       The reason for recommending curling to others is that it’s ________________.

【答案】1.school team and two clubs  2.the feeling of playing   3.sweeping  4.three or four hours   5.different from other sports.

 

(2010·陕西省,六,5)

B)阅读下面短文,将方框内所给句子抄写在短文的适当位置,使短文意思完整。

In Cities in the USA,there are clocks in most stores,factories,and other buildings.Radio announcars (广播员)give the correct time during the day.6 _________________________.They want to do certain things at certain times.They don’t want to be late.

But time is not so important to people everywhere. 7_________________________You will find that people living there do not like to rush.If you have an appointment(约会)with some friends,they will probably be late,8_____________________Even the radio programs may not begin on time.9_____________________________________

In South America,many people think of a clock as a machine.10.___________________________________.They don’t want a clock or any machine to affect(影响)their lives so much.


A.Suppose you visit a country in South America.

B.They say if people do everything on time,they are letting clocks control(控制)their lives.

C.People there think that it is important to know the time.

D.The radio announcers don’t think it is important to announce the exact time.

E.They don’t want to arrive on time.


【答案】CAEDB

(2010·广西省梧州市,VI,10)

   Now cities are full of cars.Some families even have two or three cars.Parking is a great problem.Something will have to be done to change it.What will the cars of tomorrow be like?Little cars may some day take the place of today’s big cars.If everyone drives little cars in the future there will be less pollution in the air.There will also be more space for parking cars in cities,and the streets will be less crowded .Three little cars can fit(适合)in the space now needed for one car of the usual size.The little cars will cost much less to own and to drive.Driving will be safe,too.What is more,these little cars can go about 65 kilometers per hour(每小时).Little cars of the future will be fine for going around a city,but they will not be useful for long trips.If big cars are still used along with the little ones,two sets of roads will be needed in the future.Some roads will be used for the fast big cars ,and other roads will be needed for the slow little ones.

根据短文内容填空,每空一词。

96.In cities ,________________is a big problem for those people who have cars.

97.In the _______________,little cars will cost much less to own and to drive.

98.A little car’s size of tomorrow may be ____________third of today’s one car’s usual size.

99.If people drive little cars _______________of the big ones,there will be less air pollution.

100.Two sets of roads will be built for the fast big cars and the __________little ones.

【答案】96.traffic  97.future  98.one  99.instead  100.slow

(2010·山东省聊城市,四,10)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容完成后面各项任务。

 Here is woman ,fyv.com (fyu-from your voice)You must meet with some unpleasant things in your life,and you don’t know how to work them out.If so,you can click our website www.fyv.com.You can write them down.Let’s find the solution.OK?

Problems

Solution

Some people always smoke in public.

You could say politely, “Excuse me,could you please put out your cigarette?”

There are too many people in No.16 bus.

Call the bus company.

Some people always drop litter everywhere in our community(社区)

Put up some posters to warn.And if someone is found dropping litter,punish him badly.

Some students talk loudly in the library.

________?___________

My parents don’t allow me to go out to play.Even on weekends,they hope I stay at home and study.

Tell your parents that you need to relas after studying for a long time or ask your teacher for help.

有几个学生上课经常迟到。

Tell them to go to class on time.

1.       If some students talk loudly in the library,you could say politely , “_____________________”

2.       将画线的英语句子译成汉语。

3.       将汉语句子译成英语。

4.       What’s the Chinese for from your voice?

5.       How many problems can you see on the website?

【答案】

1.Please be quite.

2.告诉你的父母,长时间学习后你需要放松,或者求助你的老师。

3.A few students are often late for class.

4.来自你的声音。

5.Six.

(2010·湖北省十堰市,VII,10)

C

Life is a great joke most the time;however ,the problem is the most people treat this joke very seriously.Life is given to us for enjoying and having fun,while we all see lots of unhappiness around us.This amazing-fact is that most of this unhappiness is our creation.We make most mistakes in life because of our greed(贪婪).However ,in all this run we miss many beautiful moments of life.

Life is full of many exciting things which offer a great enjoyment to all of us.We were all born in this world with no thoughts and desires and a child only wants to enjoy his life.However,we expected too much from this poor soul(灵魂)from childhood.In this way a circle of expectations starts moving in the life of every person.The child finds it difficult to go with the changing world and he ends up as an unhappy person.

Enjoyed life is a great art which very few people know on this earth.For enjoying life,a person needs a clear understanding of life free all the common things.We all know that there are many people who even living in big houses are unhappy and there are strange beggars(乞丐)who are always happy even not having anything.This is a strange reality(现实)of life which many people around the world have tried to explain.Life looks strange to people who do not understand it and it becomes a  great joke and excitement for those who master(征服)it.

根据短文内容,完成下面表格的相关信息。(共5分)

The passage mainly tells us _66_is a great art.

Life is a great joke most of the the time,so we can’t treat it _67_.

Some people make most mistakes in life because of _68_

The auothor give an example of a child in the 2nd paragraph to show how a person _69_

We can infer(推断)from the last paragraph that _70_is a view of  life.

【答案】66.enjoying life   67.very seriously   68.their greed   69.becomes unhappy   70.hapiness

(2010·贵州省铜仁市,三,10)(阅读下面短文,然后根据短文内容填一正确的单词完成76—80小题。答案书写于答题卡卷II各小题规定的位置。)

   When we watch a football match or see a film, we often see people put out their fingers to form(形成)a " V ". Perhaps you don't know what it means and how it gets the meaning. Here is a story to answer the question.

   During the Second World War(战争),there was a Belgian(比利时)young people. He called himself Victor. He ran to England and worked for a radio station in London. He spoke to his country in his programmes every day in a hope that it could help his people win the war. One day at the end of 1940, he asked his people to write the letter " V " to show their strong wish to win the victory(胜利).

   During that night, the letter " V " was seen on the walls, trees, buildings and other places. This encouraged(鼓舞)hundreds of thousands of people in this country.

76.The story happened nearly ____ years ago.

77.The young man was not a _____,but he tried his best to fight for his country.

78.He hoped that his ____could help his people win the war.

79.The people wrote the letter " V " _______ during that night.

80.From the story we know that the letter " V " means______.

【答案】76.sixty  77.soldier   78.speech   79.everywhere   80.victory

(2010·黑龙江省哈尔滨市,五,10)

                              (B) (2010·哈尔滨)

    Both the British and Americans speak English. However, there are several differences between American English and British English. For example, the words they use in daily life are not the same. The British call the first floor of a building the ground floor. The floor above the ground floor is the first floor., which Americans call the second floor. Once you go to Britain and America, you may notice other differences. The British usually hide their feelings. They don’t often start a talk with strangers. On the train the British often spend their time reading newspapers or books. But Americans are more active and easier to talk with.

任务2: 根据英文释义及首字母提示,拼写单词。

     71. a_______ at or to a higher point

     72. h_______ to stop somebody or something from being seen.

任务3:同义句转换,每空一词。

     However, there are several differences between American English and British English.

     However, American English is 73._  _ 74.__  _  British English in several ways.

任务4: 根据短文内容简答问题。

    What do the British often spend their time reading on the train?

    75.______________.

【答案】71.above  72.hide  73.different  74.from  75.Newspaper or books

(2010·湖北省荆门市,五,10)阅读下面短文,按要求完成短文后的各项任务。

Have you ever wondered why birds sing? Maybe you thought that they were just happy. After all, you probably also sing or whistle when you are happy.

Some scientists believe that birds do sing some of the time just because they are happy. However, they sing most of the time for a very different reason. Their singing is actually a warning to other birds to stay out of their territory.

Do you know what a “territory” is? A territory is an area that an animal, usually the male, claims( 宣称) as its own. Only he and his family are welcome there. No other families of the same species(物种) are welcome. Your yard and house are your territory where only your family and friends are welcome. (97▲) If a stranger should enter your territory and want to hurt you, you might shout. Probably this would be enough to frighten him away.

If so, you have actually frightened the stranger away without having to fight him. (99▲)一只鸟也将会做同样的事. But he expects an outsider almost any time, especially at nesting(筑巢) season. So he is screaming (尖叫)all the time, whether he can see an outsider or not. This screaming is what we call a bird’s song, and it is usually enough to keep an outsider away.

Birds sing loudest in spring when they are trying to attract a mate(同伴) and warn others not to enter the territory of theirs.

You can see that birds have a language of their own. Most of it has to do with attracting mates and setting up territories.

任务一:从文中找出一个与establish同义的短语。 96._____ ▲___.

任务二:根据(97)处划线部分的意思来完成下面句子。(每空一词,共2词)

97 .You might frighten a stranger away by ____▲___ ___▲____ him if he should enter your territory and want to hurt you.

任务三:根据文章,选择最佳选项:

98. What is a bird’s “territory”?

       A. A place where other families of the same species are welcome.

       B. A place where a bird can sing loudly.

       C. An area where birds often fight against each other.

       D. An area which a bird considers to be its own.   

任务四:将(99)处划线句子翻译成英语。99. ___________▲_______________.

任务五:用一句话概括本文的中心大意(不超过10个单词)。

100. ___________▲__________________.

【答案】96. set up    97. shouting at /to     98. D

99. A bird will also do the same thing. /A bird will do the same thing, too.

/A bird will do the same thing as well.

100. The reason(s) why birds sing

(2010·北京市,七,4)阅读短文,根据短文内容,从短文的五个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 有一个选项为多余选项。

       A funny thing happened to my sister Tina last month. She lives in Japan and teaches English. In Japan, people don’t usually wear their outdoor shoes in the house or in school, and a lot of buildings have places for shoes. So her school ahs a special place for shoes.       61          

       Tina teaches English in the evening. One Friday, she went to school, and she put her shoes in the shoe box—as usual. Then she had an interesting spoken English class with her students.     62        But to her surprise, her shoes weren’t in the box. There was only one pair of those there, and they weren’t her hoes! She had to get home in a hurry.     63          

       On Monday, at her next English class, her shoes were in a shopping bag on her desk! There was a note that said, “I’m so sorry. I took your shoes by mistake!”     64       Somebody felt a lot of shame!

A.      It’s a shoe box.

B.      Tina is my sister.

C.      So she put on the shoes and left.

D.     After class she got ready to leave.

E.      But there was no name on the note.

【答案】61.A 62.D 63.C 64.E

(2010·湖北省黄石市,Ⅷ.,4)

C

       Do you know why different animals or pests (害虫) have their speeinl colors ?Colors in them seem to be used mainly to proteet themselves .

       Some birds like eating locusls, But binrds cannot easily catch them . Why ? It is because locusts change their colors together with the change of the colors of crops . Qhen crops are green , locusts look green . But as the harvest time comes . locusts change to the same brown color as crops have . Some other pests with different colors from plants are casily found and caten by others . So they have to hide themsclves for lives and appear only at night .

       If you study the animal life , you’ll find the main use of colors is proteeting them . Bears(熊), lions and other animals move quietly through forests . They cannot be seen by hunters . This is because they have the colors much like the trees .

       Have you ever noticed an even strange cat ? A kind of fish in the sea can send out a kind of very black liquid (液体) when it faces danger . While the liquid spreads over , the encmies (敌人) cannot find it . And it quickly swims away . So it has lived up to now though it isn’t strong at all .

根据短文内容,按要求完成下列各小题。

A.补全句子,每空一词。

71. From the passage we know that bears and some other animals with the colors much like trees can’t easily _________ _________ by hunters .

72. The best tide may be “The Main Use of Colors for Some _________ and _________.”

【答案】

71.be seen/found/killed

72.Animals  pets

(2010福建三明. VI 任务型阅读 .每小题2分,满分10分)

Waste can be seen everywhere ,and it can bring a lot of problems.Though China is rich in some resources(资源),we are short of others,for example ,fresh water .It is said that we will have no coal or oil to use in 100 years.Also there is not enough food in some areas.So it we go on wasting our resoures ,what can we use in the future and where can we move ?Think about it,I think we should say no to the people who waste things every day.

In our everyday life,we can do many things to stop waste from happening Usually we can try to use the same thing more than once,such as sharing your books with your friends or using both sides of paper .And we must remember to turn off the water taps when we finish washing ,or we can put little sings of “Please save water ”on the water taps-never leave the tap running after using it.Also we should try not to order more food than we need and so on .Little by little,everything will be changed Waste can be stopped one day if we do our best.

任务一:根据短文内容,用简洁的句子或短语完成下列表格

Problems

*Short of fresh water.

*81._____________________________________________

*82._____________________________________________

Ways to stop waste

*Try to reuse something .

*83______________________________________________

*84______________________________________________

任务二:除了文中提到的方法和建议外,你一定还有许多好方法,请写一条与大家分享

*85._______________________________________________________________________

答案:81. we will have no coal or oil to use

      82. there is not enough food in some areas

83.To save water

84. we should not order more food than we need

85.略

(2010·辽宁省沈阳市,六,10)

A

       Is there a chocolate-powered racing car in the world? Hey!You have read too (A)________ children's books! But wait!Now,there is really such a racing car in the world.A team from a British university made it.

       The chocolate-powered racing car's engine(发动机) uses waste from chocolate factories or vegetable oil as fuel (燃料).Its body (B)用土豆制成,its steering wheel is made from carrots,its seat is made of soybeans,(C)________its brake pads(刹车片)are made from nuts!Well,can this car run very fast?  (D) Certainly!It can go from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.5 seconds,and go as fast as 135 miles per hour.When the racing car is running,it cleans itself and lets out oxygen.

  “It took us more than nine months to (E) complete the racing car,”said a team member.“The car is really green. You can find many of the car's parts at a farmer's market or even in a litter bin because most of the materials(材料) are waste in most people’s eyes.It’s fun.”

However,(F)this eco-friendly  (环保的) car cannot be driven in the official(正式的)race because of the engine's unusual fue.

    84.在文中(A)和(C)的空白处分别填入适当的词 ________ ________

85.将文中划线部分(B)译成英语:________

    86.写出文中划线部分(D)和(E)的同义词语或近义词语:________ ________

87.将文中划线部分(F)改写为:the engine's unusualfuel makes it________ to________this eco-friendly car in the officiaI race

88.从文中找出能说明本文中心大意的短语:________

【答案】84.many;and85.is made of/from potatoes86.Of course/Surely:finish 87.impossible:drive88.a chocolate-powered racing car

 

(2010·辽宁省沈阳市,六,10)

B

       Do you carry too much on the way to school or home? Don’t worry.Try e-readers(电子阅读器)and say goodbye to your heavy schoolbag.

      An e-reader has the memory space to hold hundreds of books.So people want to(A)扔掉沉书包 and read with small, light e-readers.For example,Cushing Academy,a high school in Massachusetts,USA,replaced(替换)most of the 20,000 books in (B) its library last summer.Teachers and students will use e-readers instead.

      Most e-readers are thin and weigh less than 500g.They can download(下载)an e-book in 60 seconds.“It's (C) so easy.You can have a lot of books right at your fingers!” said Meghan Chensusky.16.

       Chinese schoolchildren are also trying e-readers.At the Shanghai World Expo(世博会),an e-schoolbag is now on show.It is a special e-reader.Students can use it to download textbooks from the school servers(服务器).(D)It can also send and receive homework.Some Schools in Beijing and Shanghai have tried this e-schoolbag for a few years.“It’s excellent.I (E)don't have to carry a heaw schoolbag anymore,”said Xiao Qi,15,Beijing.

       New e-readers are not just for reading.They have Wi-Fi and multimedia(无线电视和多媒体).Parents worry that these may hurt their children's study habits. “I think Wi-Fi is not necessary for kids,”said Zeng Wenwen,43, Beijing.

89.将文中划线部分(A)译成英语:________________

90.文中划线部分(B)指代的是:________________

    91.写出文中划线部分(C)和(E)的同义词或近义词:________ ________

    92.将文中划线部分(D)改写为:Homework can also_______ _______and received through it.

    93.从文中找出两个修饰或描写e-reader的形容词:________ ________

【答案】89.throw away heaw schoolbags90.Cushing Academy's/(the)high school's

91.very;needn't 92.be;sent93.small,thin,light,excellent,new,special 中的任意两个。

 

 

(2010·江苏省连云港市,七,6)

请认真阅读下面短文,在短文后表格中的空白处填入适当的单词(注意:每空1个单词)。

                                 Future and Today

It is well known that everyone has his own dream as well as his own future. But do you know what future really is ? I have to say that future is now. That is to say we must treasure every minute now. If we want to have a bright future, we should know how important time is and use it well.

There is an old English saying: “Gain time, gain life.” Then what’s time? Time is something that we can’t see or touch, but we can feel it passing by. Time is always with us. When we are at table, time passes; when we play, time goes by unnoticeable. We always say “Time is money”, but time is even more precious(珍贵的)than money, because when money is spent , we can earn it back. But if time is gone away, it will never return. So, some of us even say time is priceless(无价的).

We should always remember: future is now. For us students, we should try our best to work hard in order to create a great future of our own. We should make the best use of every hour and be the master of today.We should do everything before us as well as possible. And never put off what can be done today till tomorrow.

As we all know , “Time and tide wait for no man.” If you waste today, you will regret tomorrow. So from now on, work hard. Tomorrow will be better, and your future will be brighter .Remember: “No pains, no gains.” Today’s hard work is the cause of tomorrow’s harvest.

                 Title: Future and Today

Opinions

Supporting details

Future is now.

Everyone has his own dream as well as his own future. If we want to have a bright future, we should know the (72)            of time and make every minute(73)            .

(74)       is priceless.

Time is money, but time is even more valuable than money, because when money is spent , we can earn it back. But (75)         time will return no more.

Be masters of today

Today’s hard work (76)         to tomorrow’s harvest. As students, we should never put off what can be done today till tomorrow and we should try our (77)      

to do everything well.

【答案】   72. importance/ value          73.useful/ valuable          74.Time

   75.lost /missing/ past           76.leads/ contributes        77.best


 

 

 

 

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