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高中英语选修七Unit 3 Under the sea语言点总结  

2012-05-23 16:45:35|  分类: 【教学资料】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 高中英语选修七Unit 3 Under the sea语言点总结

 

 

Unit 3 Under the sea

Word usage

1. share v. 1) have a share of sth with others

        2) give a share of sth to others

        3) a part or portion of a large amount

I have done my share of the work.

The young engineer had a large share in modernizing the factory

My wife shared with me in distress.

We shared in his joy.

2. favourite n/adj 1) best liked

              2) a person or thing liked more than others

Lester, the second son, was his father's favorite.

Pepsi is my favorite drink.

3. annual adj. 1) happening every year

           2) calculated for the year.

Employees are entitled to an annual paid leave of fifteen days.

Mr. Watson's annual income is US$20,000.

Are beans annuals?

4. witness v. 1) be present at sth and see it

          2) give evidence about sth in a law court

        n. 3) what is said about an event

I was a witness to the argument.

He was called as a defense witness.

I witnessed the traffic accident.

The two servants witnessed Mr. Smith's will.

5. sort v. 1) arrange things in groups, separate things of one type

     n. 2) a group or class of people or things

All sorts of lamps are available in that shop.

That's just the sort of thing I want.

He was sorting his foreign stamps.

6. accommodation n. 1) rooms for living in

                   2) lodings, rooms and food

make an accommodation to wartime conditions

They reached an accommodation with neighboring countries.

He called the hotel for accommodations.

7. crash v.  1) fall or srike sth suddenly and noisily

          2) fail suddenly, collapse

          3) a violent fall, blow or breakage.

The motorcycle crashed into the fence.

An airliner crashed west of Denver last night.

His company crashed last year.

8. yell v. 1) utter a loud sharp cry

       2) speak in yelling voice

     n. 3) a loud sharp cry

He yelled with pain

She yelled a warning to us.

I heard a yell inside.

9. grab v. 1) grasp sth suddenly or roughly

       2) seize sb/sth eagerly

      3) take or have sth

The thief grabbed the purse and ran away with it.

Dad grabbed some breakfast and went off to work.

She grabbed at the money.

10. distance n. 1) space between two points or places

             2) distant placer or points

It is a long distance from New York to Hongkong.

They saw a few houses in the distance.

Lately she has seemed to distance herself from me.

11. pack v. 1) put sth into a container

          2) cover or protect sth with

          3) fill

The tourist carried a pack on his back.

He used to smoke a pack of cigarettes a day.

A pack of hounds chased the fox.

He packed his clothes into a trunk.

We packed the books before we moved.

12. wound v/n 1) give a wound to sb

             2) hurt

             3) injury

He had a bullet wound in his chest.

That was a wound to the child's pride.

The shot wounded her left arm.

13. meantime  n/adv 1) meanwhile

                    2) during a period of time

                   3) give food to

The war dragged on. In the meantime, an economic crisis took place in that country

I'll be here first thing in the morning, and meantime she'll get some rest.

14. rough. Adj 1) uneven, not level or smooth

            2) not gentle or calm, move violently

Her hands were rough with work.

They built a rough model out of sticks and wire.

Martin had a rough manner.

15. abandon v. 1) go away from( a person, thing or place) not intending to return, desert

          2) give up

          3) abandon oneself t be addicted to

The crew abandoned the burning ship.

The broken bike was found abandoned by the river side.

She abandoned herself to despair.

16.  approach  v. 1) come near to sb/sth

           2) out of approaching

          3) a way leading to sth, path

He cautiously approached the house.

Have you approached the manager about taking a day off next week?

He approached the question as a scientist.

Snow announced the approach of winter.

Useful phrases

1。 out of  1) at a distance from, not in…

           2) away from

           3) cause, indicating motive

     Fish jumped out of bed when he heard the door bell rang.

     He helped you just out of kindness.

     Please don’t look out fo window.

2.  come on 1) used in the imperative to encourage sb to do sth.

           2) make progress

           3) begin

    Come on now, someone must know the answer.

    The garden is coming on nicely.

    The rain has just come on.

3. upside down  1) with the upper part underneath instead of on top

              2) in or into total disorder or confusion

    That picture is upside down.

    The house was turned upside down.

    He holds his books upside down in his hand.

4. stop…from… :

  prevent…from…

  keep …from

 ban…from…

Who prevents their plans from being carried out?

Of course I can't prevent your going.

    You can’t stop us (from) going if we want to.

5. a pack of : a group of, a number of, a packet

  a pack of wolves

  a pack of cigarettes

  a pack of lies

6. ahead of : in the lead over sb/sth

  His ideas were ahead of his time.

 She was always well ahead of the rest of the class.

7. as conj. 1) during the time when…

         2) since, because

         3) although

         4) in the way….

I read the letters as I walked along the river.

As you weren’t there, I left a message.

Try as he would, he couldn’t open the door.

Leave the table as it is.

 

 

 

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