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中考英语试题分类汇编专题八、阅读理解(4)  

2012-06-16 14:47:52|  分类: 【初中试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语试题分类汇编专题八、阅读理解(4)  

(2010?青海省,宁夏,四,10)

B

Who wants to carry a bulky bag to school? No children. Nobody wants one shoulder to be lower than the other, and paining(疼痛)too. In India, most of us would look at the reduction(减少)of textbooks as a way out. But in a country like America, there are always more choices. A company called goReader has created a "school bag" which is the size of a laptop computer(笔记本电脑), weighing about 2.5 kg. The goReader has a color screen and can "hold" all the textbooks that a student may need, says a report in 'The Asian Age' newspaper.

The company plans to work closely with the publishers(出版商) of textbooks so that these books can be supplied on the Internet. All the students will have to do is to download(下载) their textbooks. Making notes and marking important parts of a lesson can be done just as lots of students have done on their textbooks before.

At present, the plan is being tested out in a university. Richard Katzmann, the owner of the company is having his creation tested at Chicago's DePaul University, where he studied. Does that mean it is goodbye to the new paper, and the smell of the black ink?

(   )56. What does the underlined word “bulky” in the first line mean?

A. light                         B. small                        C. big and heavy           D. old

(   ) 57. What would Indians do to solve(解决)the problem?

A. They would reduce the textbooks.                 B. They would tell the parents to help students.

C. They would tell the teachers to help students.  D. They would take students to school by bus.

(   ) 58. The writer may think that Americans have a ________ way to solve the problem.

A. more stupid                     B. worse                      C. better                       D. quicker

(   ) 59. The goReader may be a machine ________.

A. that can work as a teacher                                   B. that can be used as textbooks

C. that can cheat students                                 D. that can hurt students

(   ) 60. When the new machine is used, it is possible that ________.

A. students might study harder                         

B. students might study at home

C. students might not need teachers                  

D. students might study without paper textbooks

【答案】56-60 CACBD

(2010?青海省,宁夏,四,10)

C

Most people want to be happy, but few know how to find happiness. Money and success alone do not bring lasting happiness. Aristotle, a Greek thinker, said, “Happiness depends upon ourselves.” In other words, we make our own happiness. Here are a few suggestions to help you be happier.

The first secret of happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life. Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future —for example, getting into college or getting a good job —that we fail to enjoy the present. You should enjoy life’s simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music, or spending time with close friends. People who have several close friends often live happier and healthier lives.

Another secret to living a happy life is to be active, and have hobbies where you forget your problems and time. Many people experience this dancing, or playing a sport, such as swimming. You can forget about your problems, and only think about the activity. Finally, many people find happiness in helping others. Studies show that people feel good when they spend their time helping others. If you want to feel happier, do good things for someone. You can help a friend with his or her studies, go shopping to buy food for an elderly person, or simply help out around the house by washing the dishes.

(   )61. The best title(标题)of the passage is ________.

A. Money Makes You Happy                              B. The Secrets of Happiness

C. Ideas for Helping Other People to Be Happy    D. Good Friends Make You Happy

(   )62. The second paragraph tells us that ________.

A. the more friends you have, the happier you will be

B. we shouldn’t think about our future

C. happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life.

D. some people fail to live a happy life

(   )63. The passage gives us ________ pieces of advice on happiness.

A. one                          B. two                          C. three                        D. four

(   )64. The writer thinks that ________.

A. everyone knows how to live a happier life      

B. it’s wrong to spend time on work

C. hobbies take up too much time                     

D. doing good things for someone can make you happier

(   )65. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?

A. Reading a good book.                                          B. Traveling to a foreign country.

C. Playing a sport.                                            D. Spending time with close friends.

【答案】61-65 BCCDB

 

(2010?辽宁省沈阳市,三,7.5)

A

    James is a good student and he has lots of friends,but he also has a problem.Some older boys are bullying(欺负)him at school.James is very unhappy and he doesn't know what to do about it.Here are some suggestions to him and other teenagers in this situation.

    Don't feel worried.It's not your fault(过错)! Being bullied can make you feel very lonely and angry,but you are not alone.Don't feel that you have to hide the problem.You should find a person you can trust,and tell them.It might be your teacher,your parents,or even your friend's parents.After you tell someone,you will get some support and feel some relief(解脱).

    Speaking to an adult might make you nervous,but here are other things you can do.Some people express their feelings more easily on paper.Write a letter to someone or keep a diary.Include all the details(细节)about what the bullies do, as well as when and where the bullying happens.You can use it as proof to show what is going on.And it is a wonderful idea to

 show your letter or diary to a teacher or another responsible adult.Then the bullies will feel very afraid if their names appear in a letter!

Also,don't show you are sad and don't try and fight withthe bullies. You could get in trouble yourself. Ignore them andjust walk away. The bullies will soon stop.

 

     36. What do you think the text is trying to tell us?

        A. What to do about being bullied.

        B. How to be a good student at school.

        C. What to write well in a diary.

        D. How to give suggestions to teenagers.

    37. Why does the text advise you not to feel worried if bullied?

       A. Because you are not alone.

       B. Because it is not your fault.

       C. Because someone has known about it.

       D. Because you' re doing something wrong.

    38. You'd better go and find a person you can trust and ____.

A. know what happens        B. learn from them

C. ask for help               D. make them lonely

39. If you remember and follow the suggestions above, ____.

       A. nobody will speak to the bullies

       B. everybody will feel some relief

       C. someone will express their feelings

       D. the bullies will soon stop

     40. What does the underlined word "ignore" mean in the text?

        A. take no notice of           B. take care of

        C. make full use of           D. get more help from

【答案】36.A 37.B 38.C 39.D 40.A

 

 

 

 

(2010?辽宁省沈阳市,三,7.5)

                                  B

                           Britain Today

     Food

     British people like good food,and more than half of them go to a restaurant every month. Fast food is also very popular— 30% of all adults have a hamburger every three months, but

46% have fish and chips!

     Sports

     British people don't do a lot of sports. Only 17% of people go swimming every week,about 9% go cycling and 8% play golf—and only 6% of people play football( but 32% go to watch it ).

     Cinema and TV

     Films are very popular in Britain,and about 60% of people between 15 and 24 go to the cinema every month. At home, men watch TV for about three hours every day — two quarters more than women.

     Holidays

     British people love going on holiday,and have 56 million holidays every year. Most of these holidays aren't in the UK—27% are in Spain,10% are in the USA,and 9% are in France. Maybe this is because the weather in Britain isn't very good!

 

     41. Which food could be more popular among British adults,a hamburger or fish and chips?

        A. A hamburger.         B. Fish and chips.

        C. Both.               D. Neither.

     42. Which of the followings can show the right percentage (百分比) about Sports in Britain?

                      

43. Those who are interested in movies are ____.

A. men                     B. women

C. old people                D. young people

    44. How long do British women spend watching TV every day?

A. Three hours.              B. Three hours and a half

C. Two hours                D. Two hours and a half

45. British people's favorite country for a holiday is ____.

       A. Spain    B. France     C. America    D. Australia

【答案】41.B 42.C 43.D 44.D 45.A

 

 

(2010?江苏省连云港市,三,6)

                                     (A)

What’s the most important thing for you to have in your life? Someboy mentions hard-work, others suggest knowledge, love and luck.

If you arrange the 26 English letters alphabetically(按字母表的顺序)and use numbers to represent each of them, for example, 1 for a, 2 for b, 3 for c…, you can change an English word into a number. So hard-work becomes 8+1+18+4+23+15+18+11=98, meaning 98 is its mark; knowledge: 11+14+15+23+12+5+4+7+5=96, while love :12+15+22+5=54, and luck : 12+21+3+11=47, a small mark. None of these words can give one a full mark. What about money or prayer(祈祷)? They can’t , either.

Then what else? Don’t be worried. You can always find an answer to a problem in your life, when you change your way of looking at things or doing things, or your attitude(态度).Yes, attitude is the word. See for yourself: attitude:1+20+20+9+20+21+4+5=100,a full mark.

Different attitudes lead to different courses of life. Most times people hope for a better life. It is possible that one will have a change for the betterr after one has changed one’s attitude.

When you change your manner and became friendly towards others, you’ll meet more smiling faces towards you.In the same way, if you take a positive(积极地)attitude towards failure(失败),you’ll find it’s also rewarding though it has caused you losses.

31.In the writer’s opinion , what is the most important things in a person’s life?

   A.Hard-work.           B.Knowledge.             C.Money.           D.Attitude.

32.According to the passage, if you meet with problems, the best way out is to ___________.

   A. ask for helpf from others                        B.say your prayers to God

   C.change your attitude                            D.try maths-solving methods

33.From the passage we can learn that ______________.

   A.diffrent attitudes come from different courses of life.

   B.mathematics can solve every problem easily in our daily life

   C.failure sometimes can bring you good if you take a positive attitude

   D.none of the English words except “attitude” equals to 100 or more

【答案】   31~33DCC     

 

 

(2010?湖北省宜昌市,VII,10)

A

“When can I get a cell phone?”  The answer is when your parents think you need one, though many kids seem to be getting them around age 12 or 13. Some younger kids may have them because their parents see it as a matter of safety and convenience. For example, a kid can call mom and dad when sports practice is over. And a cell phone can give kids almost instant access(快捷通道) to their parents if something goes wrong or they need help. It can give parents quick access to their kids so they can check on them and make sure they’re OK.

If you do get a cell phone, make some rules with your parents, such as how many minutes you’re allowed to spend on the phone, when you can use your phone, when the phone must be turned off, and what you will do if someone calls you too often, and so on.

You’ll also have to learn to take care of the phone in your life. Keep it charged(充电) and store it in the safe place so it doesn’t get lost. And whatever you do, don’t use it in the bathroom. I know someone who dropped her phone in the toilet! 

56. Parents buy cell phones for their kids because ___________.

   A. they think it is necessary  

B. they think their kids are old enough 

   C. they have asked the author for advice

   D. they want to follow their kids wherever they are.

57. The autho r of the passage ___________.

   A. wants to describe how children use cell phones

   B. knows nothing about when children can have a cell phone

   C. may have done a survey on kids using cell phones

   D. has been a teacher for many years

58. Which of the following is true?

   A. It is too young for kids of 12 or 13 to get a cell phone.

   B. A cell phone is useful for kids and their parents.

   C. The author is against the idea of kids to have cell phones.

D. Mos t kids are considering having cell phones.

59. Who is the passage most probably written by?

   A. Parents who have bought phones for their kids.

   B. Someone who does cell phone business.

   C. A teacher who cares most about school safety.

   D. Someone who works for children’s education.

60. Which might not be a rule for kids with a cell phone?

   A. Keep it on all the time.

   B. Make a call if something goes wrong.

   C. Don’t use it in the bathroom.

   D. Take care not to lose it.

【答案】56~60 ACBDA

 

(2010?湖北省宜昌市,VII,10)

B

Every morning, the newspaper chief editor(主编) holds a meeting with the reporters. They discuss the main events(事件) of the day. Reporters are then sent to cover the events.

   As soon as the reporters know what to write about, they get down to work. They telephone people and fix a time for a face-to-face interview with them. Sometimes they do telephone interviews. Checking information is very important. They go to the newspaper’s own library to look up any information that they need. This is called “doing one’s homework”.

   At the same  time, the picture editor decides which photographs will be used for the next day’s paper. All the people who work on a newspaper must be able to work fast. Reporters have to stop working on one story and start working at once on the important new one. They must find out the new information as quickly as possible. Later in the day, everything is put together at the news desk. Reporters return, type their stories into the computer and hand them to the editor.

    The chief editor decides which will be the most important story on the front page. Sometimes this will have to be changed if something more important happens late in the day. Other editors read the stories which the reporters have written and make any necessary changes.

Finally, there is no more time left for adding new stories, and the time for printing(印刷) the newspaper has come. This is done on fast-moving printing machines. The newspapers are then delivered(发送) by truck, plane or rail. Speed is important. People want to buy the latest newspaper; nobody wants to buy yesterday’s.

61. What is the work in a newspaper office like?

   A. Interesting and confusing                         B. Important and patient.

   C. Particular and necessary.               D. Fast and busy.

62. According to the passage, the right order for a reporter’s work is ____________.

   a. writing stories          b. doing interviews         c. joining in a discussion

   d. doing homework        e. handing stories to the editor

   A. cbade                 B. cdeab                       C. cbdae                      D. cadbe

63. The front page cont


 

 

 

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