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中考英语专题复习6 动词  

2012-06-13 10:39:54|  分类: 【教学资料】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语专题复习6 动词 

 

【考点直击】

1.动词的八种时态的构成及用法;2.动词被动语态的构成及用法;3.非谓语动词的构成及用法;

4.近义动词的用法区别。

【名师点睛】

一、动词的时态

  英语时态用共有十六种时态,其中常用的有8种,它们是:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、现在完成时、过去进行时、过去完成时和过去将来时。

(1)一般现在时的基本用法

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。

     时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday

     I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。

     The earth moves around the sun.

     Shanghai lies in the east of China.

3) 表示格言或警句中。    Pride goes before a fall.

【注意】此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。

例:Columbus proved that the earth is round..

4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。     I don't want so much.

5) 某些动词如 come, go, move, stop, leave, arrive, be, finish, continue, start 等,在一般现在时句中可用来表示将来肯定会发生的动作。

    The train comes at 3 o'clock.

  6) 在时间状语从句或条件状语从句中,一般现在时代替一般将来时。

    I'll help you as soon as you have problem.     Tell Xiao Li about it if you meet him.

(2)一般过去时的用法:                      

  表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内所发生的动作或情况,通常一般过去式带有表示动作时间状语的词,词组或从句,如 yesterday, the day before last, last week, two days ago 等,上下文清楚时可以不带时间状语。   I worked in that factory last year.

【注意】

1) 过去经常反复发生的动作,也可用used to或would加动词原形来表达,例如: I used to go fishing on Sundays.

 2) “used to”也可用于表示过去曾经存在过的状态。例如: This river used to be clean.

(3)一般将来时的用法

1)表示将来的动作或状态。例如:   I shall attend the meeting tomorrow.

2)表示将来反复发生的动作或存在的状态。例如:He will go to see his mother every Saturdays.

3)表示将来的意愿,决心,许诺, 命令等时常用will,征求对方意见,主语是第一人称时,常用shall。 I will do my best to catch up with them.   Shall I open the door?

4)be + going + 动词不定式。也是一种将来时句型,表示打算,计划,最近或将来要作的某事。 I am going to Beijing next week.

5)be + 动词不定式。表示有职责,义务,可能,约定,意图等。

 There is to be a meeting this afternoon.    We are to meet the guests at the station.

6)be about + 动词不定式,表示马上,很快作某事。 They are about to leave.

(4)现在进行时的用法

  1) 现在进行时的用法表示说话者说话时正在发生或者进行的动作, 它注重现在正在进行的动作,而不管动作从什么时间开始,到什么时间结束。 What are you doing now?

I am looking for my key.

 2) 现在进行时表示目前一段时间内正在进行的动作(但说话时这个动作不一定在进行)。

The students are preparing for the examination.

3) 某些动词的现在进行时可以表示即将发生的动作,这些动词有 arrive, come, leave, start等。 They are going to Hong Kong tomorrow.

【注意】有些动词一般不可以用于进行时态

①表示状态的动词,尤其是静态动词,如:be, have

②表示认识、知觉和情感的动词,如:know, think, hear, find, see, like, want, wish, prefer等。

(5)现在完成时的用法

  1) 现在完成时表示在说话之前已经完成或刚完成的动作。

    I have bought a ten-speed bicycle.    They have cleaned the classroom.

  2) 现在完成时表示动作从过去开始持续到现在,或者还有可能持续下去的动作或状态。 现在完成时常与for 和 since 引导的短语或从句连用。

We have lived here since 1976.   They have waited for more than two hours.

【注意】一般过去时与现在完成时的区别

   过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响;一般过去时常与具体的时间状语连用。

试比较:

I saw this film yesterday.(强调看的动作发生过了,不涉及现在)

I have seen this film.   (强调对现在的影响,电影的内容已经知道了。)

(6)过去进行时的用法

表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。例如:I was watching TV when she came to see me.

【注意】

过去进行时和一般过去时都是过去发生的事情,但过去进行时侧重表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作或所处的状态,强调动作的连续进行,而一般过去时则表示单纯的过去事实,例如:

They were building a house last month. (上个月正在建造,建造好与否不知)

They built a new house last month. (上个月建造好了,动作已经完成)

(7)过去完成时的用法

  过去完成时表示过去某一时刻或某一动作之前完成的动作或所处的状态,过去完成时常和 by , before 等词组成的短语和从句连用。 We had already learned two thousands words by the end of last year.   When we arrived at the station, they had waited for more than twenty minutes.

(8)过去将来时的用法

过去将来时表示从过去某个时间看将要发生的动作或存在地状态,过去将来时较多地被运用在宾语从句中。例如:They were going to have a meeting.  I told him that I would see him off at the station.

二、动词的语态:

(一)语态概述

英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的。英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。

主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。例如:Many people speak Chinese.

谓语:speak的动作是由主语many people来执行的。

被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行为动作的对象。例如:Chinese is spoken by many people.主语English是动词speak的承受者。

(二)被动语态的构成

被动语态由"助动词be+及物动词的过去分词"构成。人称、数和时态的变化是通过be的变化表现出来的。现以speak为例说明被动语态在各种时态中的构成。

十种常见时态的被动语态

  1. 一般现在时

  主动语态:do    被动语态:am/ is are /done

  We clean the classroom every day. 我们每天打扫教室。  The classroom is cleaned by us every day. 教室每天都由我们打扫。  Russian is not taught in our school. 我们学校不教俄语。   

  2. 一般过去时

  主动语态:did    被动语态:was/were done

  We cleaned the classroom yesterday. 昨天我们打扫了教室。  The classroom was cleaned by us yesterday. 昨天教室被我们打扫了。   The window was broken by my son. 窗子是我儿子打破的。  

  3. 一般将来时

  主动语态:will/shall do    被动语态:will/shall be done

  We will clean the classroom soon. 我们很快要打扫教室。  The classroom will be cleaned soon. 教室很快要被打扫了。 Will the school sports meeting be held next week? 校运动会将在下星期举行吗?  

  4. 一般过去将来时

  主动语态:would do    被动语态:would be done

  We told him that we would clean the classroom soon. 我们告诉他我们马上就打扫教室。

  We told him that the classroom would be cleaned soon. 我们告诉他教室很快就会被打扫的。

  5. 现在进行时

  主动语态:am/is/are doing    被动语态:am/is/are being done

  We are cleaning the classroom now. 我们现在正在打扫教室。  The classroom is being cleaned now. 教室现在正在被打扫。

  6. 过去进行时

  主动语态:was/were doing    被动语态:was/were being done

  We were cleaning the classroom this time yesterday. 昨天这个时候我们在打扫教室。

  The classroom was being cleaned this time yesterday. 昨天这个时候教室正在被打扫

  7. 现在完成时

  主动语态:has/have done    被动语态:has/have been done

  The classroom looks tidy. We have cleaned it. 教室看起来很整洁。我们已经打扫了。

  The classroom looks tidy. It has been cleaned. 教室看起来很整洁。它已经被打扫了

   Many foreign films have been shown on TV since last month. 上个月以来,电视中播放了许多外国影片。

  8. 过去完成时

  主动语态:had done    被动语态:had been done

  The classroom looked tidy. We had cleaned it. 教室看起来很整洁。我们已经打扫过了。

  The classroom looked tidy. It had been cleaned. 教室看起来很整洁。它已经被打扫过了。

  9. 将来完成时

  主动语态:will/shall have done    被动语态:will/shall have been done

  We will have cleaned the classroom by five o'clock. 我们将在五点之前打扫完教室。

  The classroom will have been cleaned by five o'clock. 教室将在五点以前打扫完。

   The new books will have been entered in the register before another parcel arrives. 这些新书在下一批书到来前将登记完毕。

  10. 过去将来完成时

  主动语态:would have done    被动语态:would have been done

  I said we would have cleaned the classroom by 500. 我说我们将在五点之前打扫完教室。

  I said the classroom would have been cleaned by 500. 我说教室将在五点以前打扫完。

   The headmaster said the article would have been translated by the end of next month. 校长说文章将在下月底翻译好。

(三)被动语态的用法

 (1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。

例如:Some new computers were stolen last night. 一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。(不知道电脑是谁偷的)

This bridge was founded in 1981.这座桥竣工于1981年。

 (2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。  例如:The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。 This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。 Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。

(四)主动语态变被动语态的方法

 (1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。

 (2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。

 (3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如:All the people laughed at him.   He was laughed at by all people.  They make the bikes in the factory.

The bikes are made by them in the factory.  He cut down a tree.  A tree was cut down by him.

(五)含有情态动词的被动语态

含有情态动词的主动句变成被动句时,由"情态动词+be+过去分词"构成,原来带to的情态动词变成被动语态后"to"仍要保留。例如:We can repair this watch in two days.   This watch can be repaired in two days.  They should do it at once.   It should be done at once.

(六)主动形式表示被动意义:

1. 某些连系动词(如look, sound, smell, feel, taste, prove等)要用主动表被动,因为连系动词为不及物动词,它们没有被动语态形式。例如:The school looks beautiful. 这所学校看起来很美。Your idea sounds a good one. 你的想法听起来很好。

2. 当read, wash, clean, cook, cut, wear等用作不及物动词且表示主语的某种属性时,通常要用主动形式表示被动意义。例如:The cloth washes well. 这种布料好洗。The book sells quickly. 这书销售得快。

This shirt will wear very long. 这衬衫可以穿很久。

【注】该用法通常与well, easily, slowly, quickly等副词连用,并且在用于以上意思时通常不宜直接使用被动语态形式。不过在某些特殊情况下也可用被动语态,只是含义稍有不同(用主动形式表示主语的属性,用被动形式表示动作执行者所执行的动作):

The sentences read clearly. 这些句子读起来很清楚。(即这句子没有歧义)

The sentences are read clearly. 这些句子被读得很清楚。(指读的人读得好)

3. 某些表示开始和结束的动词(begin, start, finish, end等),当主语为事物且不强调动作的执行者时,可用主动语态表示被动意义:

When does the concert begin? 音乐会什么时候开始? The play ended at ten o’clock. 戏10点钟结束。

4. 某些“be+形容词+to do”结构中的不定式通常要用主动形式表示被动意义:

The question is difficult to answer. 这问题很难回答。Do you think the water is safe to drink? 你认为这水喝起来安全吗?

【注】这类结构的特点是句子主语就是其后不定式的逻辑宾语,按理说其中的不定式要用被动形式,但习惯上却要用主动表被动。这类形容词常见的有dangerous, difficult, easy, hard, impossible, interesting, nice, pleasant, safe等。

5. 不定式用于某些动词(如have, have got, get, want, need等)的宾语后作定语时,如果不定式的逻辑主语就是句子的主语,则要用主动形式表示被动意义:

I have some letters to write. 我有一些信要写。I want something to drink. 我想喝点什么。

I want to get something to read. 我想找点东西阅读。

【注】如果不定式的逻辑主语不是句子的主语,则应用被动式,比较:

I have something to type. 我有些东西要打(字)。(指自己打字)

I have something to be typed. 我有些东西要打(字)。(指请人打字)

6. be worth后的动名词要用主动表被动:例如:The film is worth seeing. 这部电影值得看。

The machine is not worth repairing. 这台机器不值得修理了。

7. 在need, want, require等少数表示“需要”的动词后的动名词用主动形式表被动意义:

The child needs looking after. 这小孩需要照看。例如:My hair wants cutting. 我的头发要理了。【注】以上结构中的动名词改用不定式则要用被动式表示被动意义:例如:The child needs to be looked after. 这小孩需要照看。My hair wants to be cut. 我的头发要理了。

三、非谓语动词

对非谓语动词的考点是:感官动词后不定式作宾语补足语和动词ing形式作宾语补足语的用法;一些特殊动词的动词不定式作宾语补足语时不带to,但变为被动语态时就要带to;有些动词既可接不定式也可接动词ing形式作宾语,但表达的意思不同。这些都是历年中考的重点。

(1)非谓语动词的形式

非谓语动词指的是在句中起名词,形容词或副词作用的动词形式,而不是作谓语的动词形式。 动词的非谓语形式分为动名词,分词,动词不定式。

(2)不定式作宾语补足语Father will not allow us to play on the street.       

(3)不定式作目的状语He ran so fast as to catch the first bus. 

(4)用不定式和分词作补足语都可以的动词

这样的动词有感官动词如:see, hear, look, notice, observe, feel等,使役动词如:have, make, leave, keep, get等。接不定式表示动作的完整性,真实性;+doing 表示动作的连续性,进行性。 I saw him work in the garden yesterday. 昨天我看见他在花园里干活了。(强调"我看见了"这个事实)

 I saw him working in the garden yesterday.(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作)昨天我见他正在花园里干活。

(5)用不带to不定式的情况

使役动词如: let, have, make等和感官动词如: see, watch, hear, listen to, smell, feel, find 等后作宾补,省略to。在被动语态中则to不能省掉。

(6)接动名词与不定式意义不同

1) stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。  stop doing 停止做某事。

2) forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)  forget doing 忘记做过某事。(已做)

3) remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)   remember doing 记得做过某事  (已做)

4) try to do 努力,企图做某事。   try doing  试验,试着做某事。

5) go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事。go on doing  继续做原来做的事。

6) mean to do  打算、想mean doing 意味着

四、容易混淆的常用动词的辨析

(1) say, speak, talk, tell的用法。

1) say表示讲话,作为及物动词使用,后跟宾语或宾语从句。He said he would go there.

It's time to leave. We have to say goodbye to you.

2)speak表示“讲话”,一般作为不及物动词使用,而有时作为及物动词后面跟上各种语言作为宾语。Do you speak English?  May I speak to Mr Pope, please?

3) talk表示“谈话”,是不及物动词,与to , about, with等连用,才可以接宾语。

What are you talking about?  Mr Jackson is talking with my father in the office now.

4) tell 表示“告诉,讲述”是及物动词,可以带双宾语或复合宾语。She told us an interesting story yesterday.  My teacher told me that we would have an English exam the next month.

(2) look, see, watch和watch的用法。

1) look强调“看”这个动作,是不及物动词,常与at连用,然后接宾语。

Look! The girl is swimming in the lake.   Look at the picture carefully. Can you find something unusual?

2) see 指“看见”某物,强调的是结果。

They can't see the words on the blackboard.  Does Lily often go to see a film on Sunday?

3) watch 指的是“观看”,“注视”之意。

The twins are watching TV now.    He will go to watch a volleyball match.

4) read指“看书”、“看报”、“阅读”之意。Don't read in the sun.   I like to read newspapers when I am free.

(3) borrow, lend和keep的区别:

1) borrow意思为“借入”,常常与from连用,是非延续性动词,表示瞬间即能完成的动作。

Meimei borrowed a book from the library just now.   May I borrow your dictionary?

2) lend 是“借出”之意,常常与to连用,同borrow一样,是非延续性动词,只表示瞬间即能完成的动作。

Uncle Wany has lent his car to Mr Li.   Could you lend us your radio, please?

3) keep是“保存”的意思,动作可以延续。

How long can the recorder be kept?   The farmer kept the pat for two weeks.

(4) bring, take, carry 和get的用法。

1) bring意思为“拿来”、“带来”。指将某物或某人从别处“带来”。

Bring me the book, please.  May I bring Jim to see you next Saturday?

2) take意思是“拿走”,“带走”,把某物或某人从这里“带来”或“拿到”某处之意。

It looks like rain. Take a raincoat with you.  Mother took the little girl to the next room.

3) carry 是“带着、搬运、携带”的意思,指随身携带,有背着、扛着、抱着、提着的含义,不表明来去的方向。

Do you always carry a handbag?  The box is heavy. Can you carry it?

4) get是去某处将某物拿回来。

Please go to my office to get some chalk.  There is no water in the bottle. Why not get some?

(5) wear, put on和dress的区别

1) wear是“穿着”“戴着”的意思,可以用于穿衣服、穿鞋、戴帽子、戴手套、佩戴首饰等,强调“穿着”的状态。

Tom always wears black shoes.   He wears a raincoat even when it is fine.

She doesn't like to wear a red flowers in her hair.

2) put on是“穿上”“戴上”的意思,可以用于穿衣服、穿鞋、戴帽等。着重于穿戴的动作。

It's cold. You'd better put on your coat.   He put on his hat and went out of the room.

3) dress可以作及物动词和不及物动词,有“穿着”“打扮”的意思。作“穿着”解时,只用于穿衣服,不用于穿鞋、戴帽、戴手套。作为及物动词用时,它的宾语是人,不是衣服。dress sb. (给某人穿衣服),而wear作“穿着”用时,也是及物动词,但它的宾语是物,不是人,即wear sth.(穿着衣物)。

She always dresses well.   Get up and dress quickly.   Mary is dressing her child.

(6) take, spend 和use的用法。

1) take指做某事用多少时间,句型是:It takes/took/ will take + sb. +some time + to do sth.

It took me three days to finish the work.

It will take you a while week to travel thought the forest.

It takes only one hour to fly to Shanghai.

2) spend指某人在某事(物)上花费时间或钱。句型是:Someone spends + money/time + on something(in) doing sth.

She spent more than 500 yuan on that coat.

He didn't spend much time on his lessons.

He spent much time (in) correcting students' exercises.

Mother spent her evenings (in) washing clothes.

3) use表示使用工具、手段等。

Do you know how to use the computer?   Shall we use your car?

(7)reach, get 和arrive的区别:

1) reach是及物动词,后面要直接跟表示地点的名词作宾语。

After the train had left, they reached the station   We reached the top of the mountain at last.

2) get是不及动词,常与to连用,再接名词,后面接表示地点的副词时,不用to,get to常用于口语中。

When the students got to the cinema, the film had begun.

My sister was cooking when mother got home.

3) arrive是不及物动词,表示到达一个小地方时,用arrive at, 到达一个大地方时用arrive in。

The soldiers arrived at a small village   The foreigners will arrive in Shanghai tomorrow.

【专项练习一】

 (   ) 1.  -- How long may I ______ your book?

--For a week. But you musn’t ______ it to others.

A. borrow; lend     B. keep; lend     C. lend; borrow     D. keep; borrow

(   ) 2. It won’t ______ them much time to fly to Beijing from Shanghai.

        A. spend           B. use           C. take            D. pay

(   ) 3. Mr Wang ______ be in Nanjing now, he went to Beijing only this morning.

        A. mustn’t be       B. may not       C. can’t           D. needn’t

(   ) 4. –Do you like the music the Moonlight Sonata?    --Yes, it ______ really beautiful.

        A. feels            B. sounds        C. listens          D. hears

(   ) 5. Lily finished _______ the book yesterday.

        A. read            B. reading       C. to read          D. reads

(   ) 6. Mrs Brown isn’t here. She has to ______ her baby at home.

        A. look at          B. look for       C. look like        D. look after

(   ) 7. I have to go now. please remember to _______ the lights when you leave.

        A. turn off         B. turn down     C. turn up        D. turn on

(   ) 8. Susan’s parents have bought a large house with a swimming pool. It _______ be very expensive.

        A. must           B. can           C. mustn’t         D. can’t

(   ) 9. –It’s too hot. Would you mind _______ the door?   -- _______. Please do it now.

        A. to open; OK                     B. opening; Certainly not

C. opening; Of course               D. to open; Good idea

(   ) 10. I want to _______ this book for a month.

        A. borrow         B. keep          C. lend            D. get

(   ) 11. –How many times _______ you _______ to Beijing this year?    --Three times.

        A. have; been      B. had; been      C. have; gone      D. had; gone

(   ) 12. What a nice bag! But she _______ only thirty dollars for it.

        A. cost            B. took          C. spend           D. paid

(   ) 13. Cotton _______ nice and soft.

        A. is felt           B. is feeling      C. feel             D. feels

(   ) 14. I think this is the best way to solve the problem. Do you _______ me?

        A. play with        B. hear of       C. agree with       D. get on well with

(   ) 15. –Guess who is coming to supper.      – I don’t know. _______ me.

        A. Speak           B. Say          C. Tell            D. Tell

(   ) 16. Please _______ your phones here with you tomorrow.

        A. take            B. bring         C. carry           D. lift

(   ) 17. Don’t _______ your lessons. We’ll help you.

        A. worry          B. worried about  C. be worried about  D. be afraid

(   ) 18. The window is broken. Try to _______ who broke it.

        A. find out         B. find          C. look             D. look for

(   ) 19. He could _______ neither French nor German. So I ______ with him in English.

A. speak; talked     B. talk; told       C. say; spoke      D. tell; talked

(   ) 20. The ticket is on the floor. Would you please _______ for me?

        A. pick it up        B. pick up it       C. pick up them    D. pick them up

(   ) 21. If you don’t know a word, you must _______ the word in a dictionary.

        A. look up         B. look down       C. look over       D. look out

(   ) 22. It’s time for class. We’d better _______.

        A. stop to talk      B. to stop to talk    C. stop talking     D. to stop talking

(   ) 23. There was a strange sound outside. Mary went out and _______ around, but she _______ nothing.

        A. looked; saw      B. saw; saw       C. watched; looked  D. looked; find

(   ) 24. The woman _______ the child quickly and took him to hospital.

        A. put on           B. dressed        C. had on          D. was wearing

(   ) 25. –Oh, you painted the walls yourself?

        --Yes. It was not hard. The whole work didn’t _______ much.

        A. want            B. cost            C. spend          D. pay

(   ) 26. --_______ all your things, Tom! I hate them here and there.    –OK, Mum.

        A. Put up          B. Put on          C. Put down       D. Put away

(   ) 27. Yuki loves wearing strange hats because she wants people to _______ her.

        A. believe       B. control       C. notice       D. visit

(   ) 28. _______! It’s the music of Mozart. Be quiet.

        A. Hear        B. Sound         C. Sing        D. Listen

(   ) 29. –The room is so dirty. _______ we clean it?      -- Of course.

        A. Will     B. Would      C. Do        D. Shall

(   ) 30. We must do something to stop people from _______.

        A. to throw litter about    B. to throw litter into C. throwing litter about    D. throwing litter into

【 参考答案】

 1—5 BCCBB  6—10 CAABB  11—15 ADDCC    16—20 BCAAA    21—25 ACABB  26—30 DCDDC

 【专项练习二】

    1. She reached the top of the hill and stopped _______ on a big rock.

 A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest

  2. Do you know the boy _______ under the big tree?

   A. layB. lain C. laying D. lying

  3. You’d better ______ your bike _____ at once. It is Monday tomorrow, you know.

   A. to have, mend B. have, mended  C. have, to mend D. to have, mended

  4. --- Look! The lights in the classroom are still on. --- Oh, I forgot _______.

   A. turning them off B. turn them off C. to turn them off D. having turned them off

  5. “Can’t you read?” the officer said _______ to the notice.

   A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily pointed D. point angrily

  6. The computer center, _______ last year, is very popular among the students in this school.

  A. open B. opening C. having opened D. opened

  7. The policeman warned the young man _______ after drinking.

  A. never to driveB. to never drive C. never driving D. never drive

  8. --- What’s the language _______ inNew Zealand? --- English.

   A. speaking B. spokenC. be spokenD. to speak

  9. He didn’t feel like _______ out for a walk, because he had caught a cold.

   A. to go B. goes C. gone D. going

  10. Paul doesn’t have to be made _______. He always works hard.

  A. learnB. to learnC. learned D. learning

  11. The house is not big enough for us all _______.

  A. to live in B. to be lived inC. to live D. for living in

  12. A clock is made for _______ us the time.

  A. tell B. telling C. to tell D. tells

  13. You’d better _______ at home all the time. It’s bad for your health.

   A. don’t stay B. no to stayC. not stay D. not staying

  14. The students are busy _______ ready for the exam now.

   A. getting B. get C. got D. to get

  15. The mother asked the boy _______ down the ladder, but he went on _______ instead.

   A. come; climbingB. to come; to climb C. to come; climbing D. coming; climbing

  16. Isthere any time_______ to the museum?

   A. going B. to goC. goes D. gone

  17. The teacher asked the students to close the windows _______ the wind from _______

   the papers away.

   A. to stop; blowingB. stopping; blowing C. to stop; blowD. stopped; blow

  18. A bird was seen _______ into the classroom yesterday.

   A. flewB. to flyC. fly D. was flying

  19. We should do as much as we can _______ water.

   A. for saving B. to saveC. save D. saved

  20. There are many people _______ to buy cars in the modern world.

   A. wantB. wantedC. wantingD. to want

【 参考答案】1-5 CDBCA6-10DABDB 11-15 ABCAC16-20BABBC

【专项练习三】

  1. — I’m too busy _____ to my family.    — Why not call them instead?

   A. writingB. to write  C. written D. write

  2. The little boy woke up his father, _______ “Happy Birthday!”

  A. call B. to call C. called D. calling

  3. The car _______ in Germany in the 1960s looks old now.

  A. produced B. producing C. to produce D. which produced

  4. —What are on show in the museum? —Some pictures _______ by the Africans.

  A. drawingB. drawn C. drewD. were drawn

  5. The sick man stayed in bed, _______ very terrible.

  A. feltB. feeling C. is feeling D. was feeling

  6. —The boy was seen _____ his bike a moment ago. — I am sorry to hear that.

   A. fell offB. to fall off C. fall offD. to fall down

  7. There’re so many beautiful presents in the shop that I don’t know _______.

   A. to choose which one  B. what choose  C. which one to choose  D. to choose what

  8. — How bad! They still have no ideas how _______ the problem.

    — Let’s go to help them.

   A. solving B. solved  C. to solveD. solves

  9. What is the best way do you think ______ the wild animals?

   A. protectingB. to protecting  C. protected D. to protect

  10. —You’d better have your sports jacket  _____. It’s too dirty.

     —Thanks. I will.

   A. to wash B. washed C. washing D. wash

  11. —The little boy was made _______ English for another hour.  — Poor boy!

   A. read B. reading  C. readsD. to read

  12. I think it kind _______.

   A. of him to help me  B. for him to help  C. that he help me  D. of him helping me

  13. It’s too hot today. Why not _______ your coat?

   A. take onB. to take off

   C. take offD. taking off

  14. Boys, don’t forget _____ the windows before you leave the classroom.

   A. closingB. closed  C. to closing D. to close

  15. He made it _______ for people ______ the computers by inventing new software.

   A. easy, useB. easy, using C. easily, to use D. easier, to use

  16. All of the plans are very good. I really don’t know _______.

   A. which to talk  B. which to talk about  C. to talk about which D. I asked you for help

  17. Would you please _______ any noise The baby has just fallen asleep.

   A. make B. to make  C. not to make D. not make

  18. —Would you please try _______ late again? — Sorry, I won’t be late again.

  A. not to beB. to be not C. not beD. be

  19. The words _______ with “L” aren’t easily forgotten.

  A. starting B. started C. to startD. whose starting

  20. Have you got anything _______?

  A. to open the box B. opening the box with C. opening the boxD. to open the box with

 【参考答案】

1-5 BDABB 6-10 BCCDB 11-15 DACDD 16-20 BDAAD

【专项练习四】

  1. We must try our best to stop the pollution _______ a happier life.

  A. from livingB. to live C. living D. live

  2.--- Hello, what are you reading? --- A book _______ by Bill Gates.

   A. writingB. written  C. to write D. which written

  3.--- What do you come here for?  --- _______.

  A. Borrow a CDB. To borrow a CD C. Borrowing a CD D. Borrowed a CD

  4. Yesterday I heard a story _______by my friend.

  A. told B. telling C. to tell D. tell

  5. We can’t help crying after _______ the sad news.

  A. hearB. heard C. hearingD. to hear

  6. --- Would you mind _______ for a few minutes? --- No, not at all.

   A. wait B. to wait  C. waitedD. waiting

  7. Have you read this book? It’s worth _______.

  A. to readB. read C. readingD. to be read

  8. Mr Wang would like me _______ my classmates a talk.

  A. to give B. giving C. gives D. give

  9. I find _______ him all about it.

   A. necessary to tell  B. that necessary to C. necessary it to tell  D. it necessary to tell

  10. It’s very nice _______ you to _______ me about it.

  A. for; tellB. of; say C. to; speakD. of; tell

  11. The son wants his mother _______ him up at six o’clock every day.

   A. to ringB. ring C. ringsD. ringing

  12. --- I often use Hotmail to send e-mails.

  --- ReallyWould you please show me_______ it?

   A. how can I use B. what can I use  C. how to use D. what to use

  13. Tell the boy _______ out of the window.

   A. not to look B. to not look C. don’t look D. not look

  14. Did you hear her _______ in the next room just now?

  A. singing B. sing C. to sing D. sang

  15. How long does it take you _______ your homework every evening?

   A. finish doing B. finishing to do C. to finish doing D. finish to do

  16. Have you decided _______ ?

   A. to go with whom  B. whom to go with C. whom go with D. with whom to go

  17. Remember _______ the lights when you leave the office.

  A. to turn off B. turning off C. turn offD. to turning off

  18. Her hope _______ the 2008 Olympic Games.

   A. to take part inB. is to take part in C. taking part in D. will take part in

  19. The room isn’t big enough _______ so many people.

   A. holding B. hold C. to hold D. holds

  20. You’d better not spend more time _______ computer games.

   A. for playingB. in playing C. to play D. plays

 【参考答案】

 1--5 BBBAC   6-10 DCADD   11-15 ACABC   16-20 BABCB

 

 

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