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中考英语专题复习18 阅读理解(二)  

2012-06-14 10:47:29|  分类: 【教学资料】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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扇画艺术 - 金色阳光 - 金色阳光的博客

 

中考英语专题复习18 阅读理解(二) 

 

第八组:

(1)

Little Tom down the street calls our dog "The keep dog".Zip is a sheep dog. But when Tom tries to say" Seep", it comes out "keep". And in a way Tom is right. Zip is always bringing things hoem for us to keep! I'll tell you about some of them.

Zip's first present was a shoe. It was made of green silk.

We didn't know how Zip found the shoe. But after a moment Mary, my big sister, told me the shoe had a strange smell. I nodded(点头)and held my nose. "What do you think it is?"

"It smells like something for cleaning. I think someone tried to clean a spot (污点) off the shoe. Then he put it at the door to dry."

"Along came Zip. And good-bye shoe!" I said."We should take it back."

"We can't ".said my sistter.

"Maybe little Tom is right," Mary said. "Maybe Zip is a keep dog!"

1.The writer and Mary didn't know______.

A.what Zip's first present was         B.how Zip carried its first present home

C.who owned Zip's first present       D.what Zip's first present was made of

2.Tom calls Zip "the keep dog"because ______.

A.the dog likes keeping things        B.the dog likes playing with shoes

C.he doesn't know the dog's name     D.he can't pronounce the word "sheep"well

3.What made the shoe strange was ______.

A.its colour   B.its smell   C.its size   D.that it was a silk one

4.The word "keep"in the last sentence means "_____"

A.keeping things for itself           B.bringing things for other to keep

C.not letting it run about            D.taking care of a small child

5.We can know from the reading that the dog _____.

A. likes to give presents to people     B.has been kept in at the writer's home

C.has brought some trouble          D.likes to be called "the keep dog"

Key: 1.C 2.D 3.B 4.B 5C

 

(2)

 

An old lady in a plane had a blanket(毯子)over her head and she did not want to take it off . The air hostess spoke to her, but the old lady said, “I have never been in a plane before , and I am frightened. I am going to keep this blanket over my head until we are back on the ground again !”

Then the captain came. He said, “Madam, I am the captain of this plane. The weather is fine, there are no clouds in the sky, and everything is going very well. ”But she continued to hide.

So the captain turned and started to go back. Then the old lady looked out from under the blanket with one eye and said, “I am sorry, young man, but I don’t like planes and I am never going to fly again. But I’ll say one thing, ”She continued kindly, “You and your wife keep your plane very clean!”

1. An old lady had _________ .

A. glasses    B. a blanket over her head    C. a coat    D. a basket

2. A. She didn’t want to ________ .

A. take it off    B. turn it off    C. get on    D. talk about it

3. _________ spoke to her .

A. The air hostess    B. The man next to her    C. her husband    D. one of her friends

4. The old lady had never been _________ before .

A. abroad    B. home     C. in a plane    D. in hospital

5. The woman didn’t like planes and she was never going ________ .

A. to fly again B. to travel C. to go abroad D. to go home

Key: 1-5 BAACA

(3)

Dick lived in England. One day in January he said to his wife, "I'm going to fly to New York next week because I've got some work there." "Where are you going to stay there?" his wife asked. "I don't know yet." Dick answered. "Please send me your address from there in a telegram (电报)," his wife said. "All right," Dick answered.

He flew to New York on January 31st and found a nice hotel in the center of the city. He put his things in his room and then he sent his wife a telegram. He put the address of his hotel in it.

In the evening he didn't have any work, so he went to a cinema. He came out at nine o'clock and said, "Now I'm going back to my hotel and have a nice dinner."

He found a taxi (出租车) and the driver said, "Where do you want to go?" But Dick didn't remember the name and address of his hotel.

"Which hotel are my things in?" he said, "And what am I going to do tonight?" But the driver of the taxi did not know. So Dick got out and went into a post office. There he sent his wife another telegram, and in it he wrote, "Please send me my address at this post office."

1. Dick flew to New York because ___.

A. he went there for a holiday                B. he had work there

C. he went there for sightseeing (观光)         D. his home was there

2. Why did his wife want a telegram from him?

A. Because she didn't know his address yet   

B. Because she wanted to go to New York, too

C. Because she might send him another telegram

D. Because she couldn't leave her husband by himself in New York

3. Where did Dick stay in New York?

A. In the center of the city.   B. In a hotel.  C. In a restaurant.  D. At his friend's house.

4. Who would send him the name and address of his hotel?

A. The manager (经理) of his hotel.  B. The police office.  C. The taxi driver.  D. His wife.

5. Which of the following is not true?

A. Dick stayed at a nice hotel in the center of the city.

B. Dick didn't work on the first night of his arrival.

C. Dick forgot to send his wife a telegram.

D. Dick wanted to go back to his hotel in a taxi.

Key: 1-5 B A B D C

 

                                     (4)

Bob and Jim once worked in the same factory. One day, Bob lent Jim ten dollars, but then Jim left his work and went to work in another town without paying back the money.

Bob didn't see Jim for a year, and then he knew from another friend that Jim was in another town and staying at a hotel. So he went there to see him late in the evening.

When he got to Jim's room, he saw his shoes near the door. "Well, he must be in," he thought, and knocked again, and said, "I know you are in, Jim. Your shoes are out here."

"I've gone out in my boots," answered Jim.

True or False

1. Bob and Jim once worked in different factories.

2. One day Jim borrowed ten dollars from Bob.

3. Jim paid back the money to Bob and went to work in another town later.

4. Bob hadn't seen Jim for a year when he learned that Jim was in another town. 

Key: 1-4 F T F T

 

                                      (5)

 

I think the most terrible thing in life for my little brother is getting up in the morning. He is almost sick when my mother calls, "Herbert! It's seven o'clock! Get up!"

Herbert answers, "I'm coming!" and goes right back to sleep. I'm not at all like my brother. I don't like to go to bed at night but I don't mind getting up in the morning. I usually wake up before my mother calls me. I jump out of bed and go into the bathroom to take a shower. I get dressed, brush my teeth, comb my hair, and get ready to go downstairs for breakfast as soon as my mother calls.

But not Herbert. He just sleeps. A military band (军乐队) in our bedroom could not wake him up. I call him and say, "Get up! Mum will be up here to pull you out of bed if you don't get up immediately!"

But he just sleeps. After calling a few more times my mother has to come upstairs and pull Herbert out of bed. It's that way every day with my little brother. Perhaps some day he'll learn to get up on time, but I really don't think so.

 

True or False

1. The most terrible thing in life for my little brother is going to school. 

2. I'm not like my brother because I like to go to bed early at night and get up early in the morning.

3. I usually jump out of bed and go into the bathroom for a shower before my mother calls.

4. When mother calls, Herbert doesn't answer and remains in bed.

5. My mother often has to go upstairs and pull Herbert out of bed as he refuses to get up.

6. Sometimes we have to send for a military band to wake Herbert up.

7. The writer thinks some day Herbert will learn to get up on time.

Key: 1-7. F T T F T F F

 

                                       (6)

In England, people often talk about the weather because they can experience (经历) four seasons in one day. In the morning the weather is warm just like in spring. An hour later black clouds come and then it rains hard. The weather gets a little cold. In the late afternoon the sky will be sunny, the sun will begin to shine, and it will be summer at this time of a day.

In England, people can also have summer in winter, or have winter in summer. So in winter they can swim sometimes, and in summer sometimes they should take warm clothes.

When you go to England, you will see that some English people usually take an umbrella (伞)or a raincoat with them in the sunny morning, but you should not laugh at them.

If you don't take an umbrella or a raincoat, you will regret (后悔) later in the day.

1. Why do people in England often talk about the weather?

A. Because they may have four seasons in one day

B. Because they often have very good weather

C. Because the weather is warm just like in spring

D. Because the sky is sunny all day

2. From the story we know that when _________come, there is a heavy rain.

A. sunshine and snow   B. black clouds   C. summer and winter   D. spring and autumn

3. "People can also have summer in winter." Means "it is sometimes too ______in winter."

A. warm     B. cool     C. cold     D. rainy

4. In the sunny morning some English people usually take a raincoat or an umbrella with them because ________.

A. their friends ask them to do so           B. it often rains in England

C. they are going to sell them              D. they are their favourite things

5. The best title (标题)for this passage is ________.

A. Bad Seasons B. Summer or Winter

C. The Weather in England D. Strange English People

 

KEY: ABABC

 

                                     (7)

Mr Brown was going away for a week. Before he left, he said to his son, "if anyone asks for me, you can tell him that your father has been out for doing something, and will be back in a week, then be sure to ask him to sit down for a cup of tea."

"OK, Dad," said his son. But he was afraid his son couldn't remember this, he wrote these words down on a piece of paper and gave it to him. His son put it into his small pocket, took it out and looked at it every now and then.

Four days passed, but no one came to see his father. The boy thought that there was no man to come and that the piece of paper was of no more use for him, so he burnt it that evening.

The next afternoon, someone knocked at the door. The boy opened it. A man was standing at the door and said, "Where is your father?" The boy put his hand into his pocket at once and looked for the piece of paper. He could not find it. He suddenly remembered he had burnt it, so he shouted, "No more."

The man was very surprised. He asked, "No more? I met your father last week. When did it happen?"

"Burnt yesterday evening."

1. Mr Brown told his son that _____.

A. he would be away from home for four days      B. he would be back in seven days

C. he would be back in a month                  D. he liked a cup of tea

2. Mr Brown wrote the words down on ________.

A. the wall    B. the door    C. a piece of paper    D. his son's pocket

3. A man came to visit the boy's father on ________.

A. the second day    B. the third day    C. the fourth day    D. the fifth day

4. The man was very surprised because _________.

A. he thought the child's father was dead     B. the child didn't ask him to sit down

C. the child gave him a cup of tea           D. he couldn't find that piece of paper

5. What was burnt? ___________.

A. The piece of paper    B. Mr Smith    C. The visitor    D. The boy

KEY: BCDAA

 

(8)

One of the things to be learnt in a foreign language is guessing all the time what kind of thing to come when listening to someone talking. People do this all the time in their own language, so it is necessary (必要的) to do this in a foreign language, too. Here are some examples.

1. "What's the matter?" "I went to a party last night, so I…"

2. "I feel so tired these days."" I think you'd better…"

3."Of course, she never stops talking. She is one of the most…"

You can see from the above three examples that the context (上下文) helps a lot in understanding what is being talked about. So "guessing "is very important in understanding English, especially (尤其)spoken English.

1.This passage tells us mainly about _________.

A. the importance of "guessing " in learning a foreign language

B. how to guess what one is going to talk about

C. some examples of right guessing

D. how important it is to guess all the time

2.from the context, we can see maybe the finished answer in EXAMPLE I is _________.

A. "… so I didn't have a good time."       B. "…so I went to bed very late."

C. "…. So I felt unhappy."               D. "… so I got up very early."

3. Maybe the finished answer in EXAMPLE 2 is ________.

A. "I think you'd better have a good rest and take good care of yourself."

B. "I think you'd better have something to drink."

C. "I think you'd better get some help from your friends."

D. "I think you'd better be more careful."

4. Maybe the finished answer in EXAMPLE 3 is ______.

A. "… she is one of the most famous film stars."

B. "…she is one of the most beautiful women."

C. "… she is one of the most famous speakers."

D. " .. she is one of the most talkative women."

5. From the passage we can infer (推断) that guessing is _______in learning a foreign language.

A. the only way

B. more important in spoken English than in written English

C. more important than any other way

D. more important in written English than in spoken English

KEY: ABADB

 

(9)

Uncle Li and Uncle Wang are good friends. They live next to each other and their farms are both at the foot of the mountain. So they can help each other. But neither of them likes to use his head. They're both poor though they work hard. Most villagers have built new houses, but they still live in the low and broken houses. They never find out why.

Once Uncle Li went to town to buy some medicine for his wife. In the town he heard the apples in a city were expensive. He told Uncle Wang about it as soon as he went back. They decided to carry some apples to the city. They borrowed some money from their friends and bought nearly 1,000 kilograms of apples in the villages and carried them to the city on a tractor. Bad luck! A lot of apples has already been carried there when they arrived. A few days later they had to sell them at a low price (价格)。They felt unhappy and returned to their village.

"I can't understand why we sustained (蒙受) losses in business while others always profit (盈利)" Uncle Li asked one day.

"The tractor was too small " Uncle Wang said without thinking. "We'll carry more apples on a truck next time!"

"I agree!" said Uncle Li. "How foolish (傻的) we were !"

1. Uncle Li and Uncle Wang live in the low and broken houses because __________.

A. they hope to save money

B. they're both poor

C. their farms are at the foot of the mountain

D. they're not far from their farms

2. The two farmers carried the apples to the city to _________.

A. make a journey                         B. visit some places of interest

C. meet their friends                       D. make a profit

3. the tow farmers had to sell their apples at a low price because ________.

A. theirs weren't as good as the others'

B. theirs were much less than the others'

C. a lot of apples had been already carried to the city

D. they forgot to carry them on a truck

4. Uncle Li and Uncle Wang were unhappy because _________.

A. they had sustained losses in business

B. they had lost some money in the city

C. something was wrong with the tractor

D. other people profited in the city

5. Which of the following is true?

A. The two farmers found out why they were poor.

B. The two farmers will soon get rich.

C. Neither of the farmers is clever.

D. The two farmers decided to buy a truck.

KEY: BDCAC

 

(10)

On Christmas Eve─the night before Christmas Day─children all over Britain put a stocking at the end of their beds before they go to sleep. Their parents usually tell them that Father Christmas will come during the night.

Father Christmas is very kind and hearted. He gets to the top of each house and climbs down the chimney into the fireplace. He fills each of the stockings with Christmas presents.

Of course, Father Christmas isn't real. In Jim and Kate's house, "Father Christmas" is really Mr Green. Mr Green doesn't climb down the chimney. He waits until the children are asleep. Then he quietly goes into their bedrooms and fills their stockings with small presents. When they were very young, Mr Green sometimes wore a red coat. But he doesn't do that now. The children are no longer young, and they know who "Father Christmas" really is. But they still put their stockings at the end of their beds.

1. Christmas Eve is __________.

A. the night of Christmas Day        B. the evening of Christmas Day

C. Christmas Day                  D. the night before Christmas Day

2. Father Christmas often puts presents ________.

A. into children's hats                 B. into children's stockings

C. under children's beds               D. into children's shoes

3. When the children were very young, __________.

A. they didn't know who Father Christmas was

B. they knew that Father Christmas wasn't real

C. they thought their father was Father Christmas

D. they knew who put the presents into their stockings

4. When the children are older, they __________.

A. know that Father Christmas is real

B. ask their mother to fill their stockings with presents

C. know that Father Christmas is really their father

D. know that Father Christmas is really their friend

5. Father Christmas comes into the house through the ________.

A. chimney      B. back door      C. front door     D. window.

KEY: DBACA

 

(11)

                                     

Now satellites are helping to forecast(预报)the weather. They are in space, and they can reach any part of the world. The satellites take pictures of the atmosphere(大气), because this is where the weather forms(形成). They send these pictures to the weather stations. So meteorologists(气象学家)can see the weather of any part of the world. From the pictures, the scientists can often say how the weather will change.

Today, nearly five hundred weather stations in sixty countries receive satellite pictures. When they receive new pictures, the meteorologists compare(比较)them with earlier ones. Perhaps they may find that the clouds have changed during the last few hours. This may mean that the weather on the ground may soon change, too. In their next weather forecast, the meteorologists can say this.

So the weather satellites are a great help to the meteorologists. Before satellites were invented, the scientists could forecast the weather for about 24 or 48 hours. Now they can make good forecasts for three or five days. Soon, perhaps, they may be able to forecast the weather for a week or more ahead(提前).

1. Satellites travel _____________.

A. in space   B. in the atmosphere   C. above the ground   D. above space

2. Why do we use the weather satellites to take pictures of the atmosphere? Because __________.

A. the weather satellites can do it easily         B. clouds form there

C. the weather forms there                    D. the pictures can forecast the weather

3. Meteorologists forecast the weather __________.

A. when they have received satellite pictures

B. after they have compared new satellite pictures with earlier ones

C. before they received satellite pictures

D. during they study satellite pictures

4. Maybe we’ll soon be able to forecast the weather for ________.

A. one day       B. two days      C. five days      D. seven days or even longer

5. The main(主要的)idea of this passage is that satellites are now used in _________.

A. taking pictures of the atmosphere       B. receiving pictures of the atmosphere

C. doing other work in many ways        D. weather forecasting

Keys: 1-5 ACBDD

 

(12)

In almost every big university(大学)in the United States, football is a favourite sport. American football is different. Players sometimes kick the ball, but they also throw the ball and run with it. They try to take it to the other end of the field. They have four chances(机会)to move the ball ten yards(码). They can carry it or they can throw it. If they move the ball ten yards, they can try to move it another ten yards. If they move it to the end of the field, they receive six points(点).

It is difficult to move the ball. Eleven men on the other team try to stop the man with the ball. If he does not move the ball ten yards, his team kicks the ball the other team.

Each university wants its own team to win. Many thousands of people come to watch. They all shout for their favourite team.

Young men and women come on the field to help the people shout more. They dance and jump while they shout.

Each team plays ten or eleven games each season.

The season begins in September and ends in November. If a team is very good, it may play another game after the season ends. The best teams play again on January 1, the first day of the New Year. Many people go to see these games and many others watch them on TV.

1. The passage talks about ___________.

A. football    B. how to play football    C. American sports    D. American football

2. We can _______ the football in both American football and Chinese football.

A. kick      B. throw      C. run with      D. catch

3. Why is it difficult to move the ball? Because ___________.

A. ten yards is a long way

B. many men on the other team try not to let the ball come near

C. the playing field is very large

D. eleven men have to catch the ball one by one

4. If they _________, the teams will play on January 1.

A. receive six points                   B. play eleven games in the season

C. are the best teams                   D. move the ball to the end of the field

5. Many people come to watch football and they want their team to win. Which of the following is not their act?

A. Jumping      B. Dancing      C. Crying      D. Shouting

Keys: 1-5 DABCC

 

(13)

“Who has more questions, a teacher or a student?”About this question a great learned man told his student that nobody does but a teacher.

The student got puzzled. With a smile, the teacher drew two circles(圆). Within(在……里面)the larger one is my knowledge of things, and within the smaller one is yours. Out of the circles is still unknown to both of us. Since mine is larger, as you can see, the line that marks out the circle is longer. That makes it clear that who has more chances(机会)to face something still unknown.

1. The great learned man believed that ________.

A. a teacher has more questions                 

B. a student has more questions

C. both a teacher and a student have questions

D. everyone, except a teacher, has more questions

2. The student thought that ________.

A. a student’s knowledge is less than his teacher’s because it comes from the teacher

B. a teacher can not necessarily answer all the questions his students ask

C. those who have less knowledge have more questions

D. anyone who learns more has more questions

3. At the end of the story, the great learned man concluded(推断)that ________.

A. a student should learn from his teacher

B. a teacher does not have so many questions as his student

C. a student knows more than his teacher

D. a teacher has more chances to face what he doesn’t know

4. Which of the following topics can NOT express the idea of the story?

A. You Will Never Learn Enough         B. A Teacher and His Student

C. There Is No Limit to Knowledge       D. One Is Never Too Old to Learn

5. We can often find such an article in ________.

A. the Palace Museum                B. any book

C. a newspaper of magazine           D. An encyclopedia(百科全书)

Keys: 1-5 ACDBA

 

(14)

Mexico's neighbours are the United States to the north and Guatemala and Belize to the south. Mexico is about one quarter of the size of the United States. Mexico has more than ninety million people. The language of Mexico is Spanish. This makes Mexico the world's largest Spanish-speaking country.

Mexico City is the capital and largest city of Mexico. The city is also very high. It is 7349 feet high (2240 metres). This makes it one of the highest capital cities in the world. The population, of Mexico City grows bigger every day. About thirty million people live there. It has more people than any other city in the world, even more than Tokyo.

Mexico also has its specialities. Many of the foods we eat started in Mexico. Foods like beans, maize, avocados, tomatoes, peanuts, chili peppers, vanilla, and chocolate come from Mexico. Mexico is also famous for its cactus (仙人掌) plants. Mexico has more kinds of cactus than any other country.

1. Mexico is ____the USA.

A. on the south of    B. on the north of    C. a part of    D. as large as

2. Mexicans speak______.

A. English    C. French   B. Spanish    D. Latin(拉丁语)

3. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Mexico City is the capital of Mexico.

B. The population of Mexico City is 30,000,000.

C. Tokyo is one of the cities with the largest population.

D. Mexico City is the highest city in the world.

4. Tomatoes were originally (最初) grown in ______.

A. America    B. Spain    C. Tokyo    D. Mexico

5. The best title (题目) of the passage is ___.

A. Mexico City    B. Mexico's plants    C. Mexico    D. Mexico's population

[Key] 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. D 5. C

 

(15)

A Trip to the Forest

 

One day Bob took two of his friends in-to the mountains. They put up their tents (帐篷) and then rode off to a forest to see how the trees were growing.

In the afternoon when they were about ten kilometres from their camp(营地), it start-ed to snow. More and more snow fell. Soon Bob could hardly see his hands before his face. He could not find the road. Bob knew there were two roads. One road went to the camp, and the other went to his house. But all was white snow. Everything was the same. How could he take his friends back to the camp?

Bob had an idea. The horses! Let the horses take them back! But what would hap-pen if the horses took the road to his house? That would be a trip of thirty-five kilometres in such cold weather!

It was getting late. They rode on and on. At last the horses stopped. Where were they? None of them could tell. John looked around. What was that under the tree? It was one of their tents!

1. John and his two friends went to the forest to ____.

A. build their camp                      B. find their way home

C. enjoy the mountains in the snow         D. watch the trees in the forest

2. They could not find their way back be-cause ____.

A. there was only one road to their camp

B. they couldn't decide which of the two roads led to their tents

C. there were no roads in the mountains at all

D. everything was covered by the white snow

3. It is clear that they wanted the horses to take them to ____.

A. John's house    B. the camp    C. the forest    D. the mountains

4. The horses stopped because____.

A. it was getting late                         B. they were tired after running for a long way

C. they knew that they had got to the camp       D. they had seen John's house

5. The story happened ____.

A. on a cold winter day                       B. on a dark snowy evening

C. in a cold camp far from villages              D. at night when nothing could be seen

[Key] 1. D 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. A

 

(16)

Two farmers were on their way home one evening after a hard day's work. Both were tired. They happened to look up at the sky and saw a black cloud overhead.

"Ah!" said one farmer, "tomorrow we shall have rain and the rice will grow well." The second answered, "Nonsense (胡说), the rain will only kill the crops (庄稼)."

So they began to quarrel (争吵). Just then a third farmer came along and asked them why they were quarreling. Both farmers explained about the black cloud.

"What cloud?" asked the third farmer. They all looked at the sky. The cloud was no longer there.

Choose the right answer

1. The two farmers were _____.

A. going home    B. going to the field    C. going to work    D. going to see their friend

2. The two farmers _____ on that day.

A. had a holiday    B. didn't work    C. worked hard    D. wanted to quarrel with each other

3. When there are black block clouds in the sky, _____.

A. it will rain soon    B. it will be fine    C. it will get hot    D. the sun is shining brightly

4. The two farmers fought in words because _____.

A. they were hungry          

B. it rained

C. one said the rain would do good to the crops and the other didn't think so

D. they both hoped for rain

5. The third farmer came with and said to the other two. He _____.

A. wanted to make friends with them                B. joined them in the quarrel

C. wanted to know why they were quarreling          D. had nothings to do

6. How many farmers said that the rain would be helpful? _____.

A. None B. One C. Two D. Three

Keys: ACACCB   

 

17

In 1620, about half the USA was covered by forests. Today the forests have almost gone. A lot of good land has gone with them, leaving only sand. China doesn't want to copy the USA's example. We're planting more and more trees. We've built the " Great Green Wall" of trees across northern part of our country.The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long, and between 400 and 1,700 kilometres wide. It will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. It will stop the sand from moving towards the rich farmland in the south. More "Great Green Walls" are needed. Trees must be grown all over the world. Great Green Walls will make the world better.

根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

1.In 1620, about ______ the USA was covered by forests.

   A.a third       B.half       C.two thirds      D.a fourth

2.A lot of good land has gone with ______.

   A.sand          B.water       C.wind           D.forests

3.The Great Green Wall in China is ______ long.

   A.7,000 kilometers                 B.1,700 kilometers

   C.7,000 meters                     D.400 kilometers

4.Trees must be grown in ______.

   A.China                            B.the USA

   C.some countries                   D.every part of the world

5.______ will make the world better.

   A.The Great Wall                  B.Tall buildings

   C.Great Green Walls               D.Flowers and grass

KEY: 1.B     2.D     3.A      4.D      5.C

 

18

The students were having their chemistry(化学)class. Miss Li was telling the children what water was like. After that, she asked her students, “What's water?” No one spoke for a few minutes.Miss Li asked again,“Why don't you answer my question?Didn't I tell you what water is like?”

Just then a boy put up his hand and said,“Miss Li,you told us that water has no colour and no smell.But where to find such kind of water?The water in the river behind my house is always black and it has a bad smell.”Most of the children agreed With him.

“I'm sorry,children.”said the teacher,“Our water is getting dirtier and dirtier.That's a problem.

1.The students were having their _______ class.

   A.English         B.Chinese       C.chemistry      D.maths

2.Miss Li was telling the children what ______ was like.

   A.water           B.air           C.earth           D.weather

3.A boy said,“The water in the river behind my house is always _______.”

   A.white           B.black         C.clean           D.clear

4.Most of the children _______ the boy.

   A.agreed with                     B.wrote to

   C.heard from                      D.sent for

5.The water in the river has colour and smell because it is getting _______.

   A.more and more                   B.less and less

   C.cleaner and cleaner             D.dirtier and dirtier

KEY: 1.C       2.A        3.B         4.A         5.D

 

19

“Cool”is a word with many meanings.Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold.As the world has changed,the word has had many different meaning.

“Cool”can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything.

When you see a famous car in the street,maybe you will say,“It's cool.”You may think,“He's so cool,”when you see your favourite footballer.

We all maximize(扩大) the meaning of “cool”.You can use it instead of many words such as “new” or “surprising”.Here's an interesting story we can use to show the way the word is used.A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall(瀑布)they had visited.On one student's paper was Just the one sentence,“It's so cool.Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt.

But the story also shows a scarcity(缺乏)of words.Without “cool”,some people have no words to show the same meaning.So it is quite important to keep some credibility(可信性).Can you think of many other words that make your life as colourful as the word “cool”? I can.And I think they are also very cool.

1.We know that the word "cool" has had ________.

   A.only one meaning                    B.no meanings

   C.many different meanings             D.the same meaning

2.In the passage,the word “express” means“________”.

   A.see         B.show           C.know          D.feel

3.If you are _______ something,you may say,“It’s cool.”

   A.interested in                B.angry about

   C.afraid of                    D.unhappy with

4.The writer takes an example to show he is ________ the way the word is used.

   A.pleased with                     B.strange to

   C.worried about                    D.careful with

5.In the passage,the writer suggests(暗示)that the word “cool”________.

   A.can be used instead of many words

   B.usually means something interesting

   C.can make your life colourful

   D.may not be as cool as it seems

KEY: 1.C     2.B     3.A     4.C     5.D

 

20

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present.On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office,a street urchin was walking around the shining car.“Is this your car,Paul?”he asked.

Paul answered,“Yes,my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised.“You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you nothing?Boy,I wish…” He hesitated.

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for.He was going to wish he had a brother like that. But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly.

“I wish,” the boy went on,“that I could be a brother like that.” Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, “Would you like to take a ride in my car?”

“Oh yes,I'd love that.”

After a short ride,the boy turned and with his eyes shining,said,“Paul,would you mind driving in front of my house?”

Paul smiled a little.He thought he knew what the boy wanted.He wanted to show his neighbours that he could ride home in a big car. But Paul was wrong again. “Will you stop where those two steps are?” the boy asked.

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

“There she is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it…then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas windows that I've been trying to tell you about.”

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and the three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride.

注:urchin 顽童    hesitate 犹豫    neighbour 邻居    crippled 残疾    cent 美分

1.The street urchin was very surprised when ________.

   A.Paul received an expensive car

   B.Paul told him about the car

   C.he saw the shining car

   D.he was walking around the car

2.From the story we can see the urchin ________.

   A.wished to give his brother a car

   B.wanted Paul’s brother to give him a car

   C.wished he could have a brother like Paul's

   D.wished Paul could be a brother like that

3.The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________.

   A.to show his neighbours the big car

   B.to show he had a rich friend

   C.to let his brother ride in the car

   D.to tell his brother about his wish

4.We can infer(推断)from the story that ________.

   A.Paul couldn't understand the urchin

   B.the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C.the urchin wished to have a rich brother

   D.the urchin's wish came true in the end

5.The best name of the name story is _________.

   A.A Christmas Present

   B.A Street Urchin

   C.A Brother Like That

   D.An Unforgettable Holiday Ride

KEY:  1.B    2.A    3.D    4.B    5.C

 

 

任务型阅读

 2008年山东中考题

  Think of life as a game in which you are playing with five balls in the air. You name them work, family, health, friends and spirit (精神) and you keep all of them in the air. You will soon understand that work is a rubber ball. If you drop it, it will bounce (弹跳) back.

  But the other four balls, family, health, friends and spirit, are made of glasses. If you drop one of these, they will be broken. They will never be the same. You must understand that and try to have balance in your life. How?

  Don’t look down on your worth by comparing yourself with others. It is because we are different and each of us is special.

  Don’t let other people set goals for you. Only you know what is best for yourself.

  Don’t give up when you still have something to give. (83) Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying.

  Don’t be afraid to fight difficulties. It is by taking chances that we learn how to be brave.

  Don’t shut love out of your life by saying it’s impossible. (84) The quickest way to receive love is to give it; the fastest way to lose love is to hold it too tightly (紧紧地); the best way to keep love is to give it wings.

  Don’t run through life so fast that you forget not only where you’ve been, but also where you are going.

  Don’t be afraid to learn. Knowledge is weightless. It’s a treasure (珍宝) you can always carry easily.

  Don’t use time or words carelessly. You can’t get them back.

  Life is not a competition, but a trip, step by step.

  Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery (秘密), and today is a gift: that’s why we call it “the present”.

  A. 根据短文内容简要回答问题。

  81. What are the five balls of life?

  ___________________________________________________

  82. Please say something about knowledge according to the passage.

  __________________________________________________________

  B.将短文中划线的两个句子译成汉语。

  83. _________________________________________________________

  84. ________________________________________________________

  C.  请给短文拟一个适当的标题。

  85.___________________________________________

 08山东

(一)答案:

81. They are work, family, health, friends and spirit.

82. Knowledge is weightless. It’s a treasure you can always carry easily.

83. 直到你停止努力的那一刻事情才会真正结束。

84. 最快捷的得到爱的方法是给予爱;最快速的失去爱的方法是过紧地握住爱,

85. Five Balls of Life

(二)评分说明:

1、本题共10分,每小题2分。

   2、虽与答案表达方式不同,但与所给参考答案意思一致,无语言错误,也可酌情给分。

 

 

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