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高考英语必修1Unit 4 Earthquakes检测题  

2012-05-18 10:57:48|  分类: 【高三试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 高考英语必修1Unit 4  Earthquakes检测题

 

一、语法填空
专题训练(一) 巧用派生词,做好语法填空。
◆技巧点拨
英语中有许多单词可带否定前缀或否定后缀,将该词变成一个与原来单词意义完全相反的词。在做语法填空时,要仔细领会短文的意思,理清文章脉络,注意行文逻辑,特别注意上下文之间有无转折、对比、相反关系,如果有此种关系,文中又没有相应过渡词语,就要考虑利用构词法知识,即利用单词的否定前缀或否定后缀来解题。
常用的否定前缀有:
in+adj.—adj. correct—incorrect(不正确的)
active—inactive(不积极的)
im+adj.—adj polite—impolite(不礼貌的)
patient—impatient(不耐烦的)
un+adj.—adj lucky—unlucky(不幸运的)
happy—unhappy(不高兴的)
il+adj.—adj logical—illogical(不合逻辑的)
legal—illegal(非法的)
ir+adj.—adj regular—irregular(不规则的)
responsible—irresponsible(不负责任的)
dis+adj.—adj honest—dishonest(不诚实的)
satisfied—dissatisfied(不满意的)
un+v.—v dress—undress(脱衣服)
load—unload(卸货)
dis+v.—v like—dislike(不喜欢)
cover—discover(发现)
non+n.—adj profit—nonprofit(非盈利的)
stop—nonstop(不间断的)
ill treat—illtreat(虐待)
manner—illmannered(没礼貌的)
常用的否定后缀有:
n.+less—adj care—careless(粗心的) home—homeless(无家可归的)
n.+free—adj. care—carefree(无忧无虑的)
paper—paperfree(无纸张的)
◆活学活用
(一)用所给单词的适当形式填空。
Ann walked out of the chemical factory,annoyed at her  1  (pleasant)interview with Jack,the vice general manager of the factory.Ann was told the factory had been pouring waste water directly into the river,making the water  2  (suit)to drink.Ann thought it was her duty to  3  (close)the matter and had it reported in the newspaper.She also thought it was  4  (responsible)〖JP3〗for the factory to do so.Jack thought it was  5  (proper)and  6  (legal)for Ann to report the whole thing in public without telling them in advance.
However,Ann regarded it most important to ensure the residents near the factory to drink  7  (pollution)water.She told Jack if his factory kept on polluting the river,he was sure to answer for what he had done one day.答案:1.unpleasant2.unsuitable3.disclose4.irresponsible
5.improper6.illegal7.pollutionfree
(二)语法填空。
In the days when an ice cream cost much less,Tom,  1  eightyear old boy,entered a hotel coffee shop  2  sat at a table.A waitress put a glass of water in front of him.“How much is an icecream?” “Fifty cents,”replied the waitress.The little boy pulled  3  right hand out of the pocket and studied a number of  4  in it.“How much is a dish of plain ice cream?”he asked.Some people were now waiting for her service and the waitress grew a little  5  (patient).“Thirty cents,” she said  6  (polite)and loudly,which surprised other 〖JP3〗customers.The boy counted the coins  7  .”I will have a plain ice cream,”he said.The waitress walked  8  .The boy finished the ice cream,paid the cashier and left.It was not long  9  the waitress came back and then she began to wipe the table and suddenly was surprised at what she saw.There,  10  (place)neatly beside the empty dish,were two nickels and five pennies—her tip!
1.an
2.解析:entered与sat并列,所以填and。
答案:and
3.his  4.coins
5~6.解析:这里指服务员不耐烦(impatient)、不礼貌(impolite),注意用否定前缀。
答案:5.impatient  6.impolitely
7.解析:小孩又仔细数了一遍硬币。
答案:again
8.解析:It is not long before是常用句型。
答案:away
9.before
10.解析:倒装句。顺序为two nickels and five pennies were placed neatly beside the empty dish.
答案:placed
二、完形填空
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从1~15各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
As a child, I was very shy. I wanted to be successful, but lacked  1  . When I discovered climbing, I found something I was good at. I began to be  2  by my friends and this gave me the desire to climb  3  and higher mountains. I found that nothing was impossible if I could find the  4  to try to achieve my goals.
Both personal determination and teamwork are  5  when you climb. You need to rely on the  6  of your team and share in the achievement. But personal focus and determination to keep going despite any difficulty are also very helpful to team success.
My greatest achievement in  7  was being the first ever to reach the top of the 5,000foot Troll Wall in Norway, which has the highest and most vertical(垂直的) rock face in Europe. A stone dropped from the top of the mountain will  8  nothing until it lands on the valley floor one  9  below. So it was very adventurous.
Before our climb, the experts in Europe had said it was  10  to climb the Troll Wall. But with three companions, I decided to  11  . It took ten days to make the climb and we  12  on ledges(岩石架)no more than a foot wide when we were tired. Thankfully, we  13  .
Afterwards, I said to myself, “If I can do that, I can do anything.” Some years later, I climbed up Mount Everest-the highest mountain in the world.
Adventure to me is not just  14  a rope along the side of a mountain, but is one field where adventurous people can often  15  themselves. If we look at every day as an adventure, we can test ourselves and continue to grow throughout our life. That is the final adventure.
1.A.money             B.confidence
C.purposes             D.chances
2.A.denied             B.attacked
C.recognized            D.tricked
3.A.harder             B.farther
C.smaller              D.safer
4.A.place              B.secret
C.courage              D.time
5.A.suitable            B.simple
C.equal               D.important
6.A.comfort            B.support
C.interest              D.doubt
7.A.science             B.medicine
C.climbing             D.engineering
8.A.touch              B.stop
C.pollute               D.hurt
9.A.meter              B.inch
C.centimeter            D.mile
10.A.easy              B.impossible
C.exciting              D.useful
11.A.try               B.learn
C.return               D.escape
12.A.ate               B.lived
C.rested               D.stood
13.A.worked           B.decided
C.continued            D.succeeded
14.A.bending over       B.falling off
C.hanging onto         D.leaning against
15.A.hold              B.forgive
C.punish               D.challenge
解答:1.B  2.C  3.A  4.C  5.D  6.B  7.C8.A  9.D  10.B  11.A  12.C13.D  14.C  15.D
三、阅读理解
专题训练(一)阅读中的猜词技巧(4)
根据同等关系猜测词义
◆方法点拨
同等关系指一组词在句中作同一成分,且它们的词义属于同一义域,这些词常用and或or来连接。如:
At fifty he is in his prime of life and always full of energy.
根据full of energy可判断出in his prime of life的意思为“最好的时候、精力旺盛之际”。

◆活学活用
(一)利用上述猜词技巧,猜测下列各句划线部分的意思。
1.He is a serious person who always does everything conscientiously.
2.If you dont stop doing like this,youll impair your health.
3.He strayed because of the darkness,and didn,t know where he was.
4.In the ancient city of Rome,we visited every mansion,battle site,theatre and other public halls.
(二)阅读下列短文,按要求完成读写任务。
(2008年广东卷)Parents and kids today dress alike,listen to the same music,and are friends.Is this a good thing?Sometimes,when Mr.Ballmer and his 16yearold daughter,Elizabeth,listen to rock music together and talk about interests they both enjoy,such as pop culture,he remembers his more distant relationship with his parents when he was a teenager.
“I would never have said to my mom,‘Hey,the new Weezer album is really great.How do you like it?’” says Ballmer.“There was just a complete gap in taste.”
Music was not the only gulf.From clothing and hairstyles to activities and expectations,earlier generations of parents and children often appeared to move in separate orbits.
Today,the generation gap has not disappeared,but it is getting narrow in many families.Conversations on subjects such as sex and drugs would not have taken place a generation ago.Now they are comfortable and common.And parent-child activities,from shopping to sports,involve a feeling of trust and friendship that can continue into adulthood.
No wonder greeting cards today carry the message,“To my mother,my best friend.”
But family experts warn that the new equality can also result in less respect for parents.
“There,s still a lot of strictness and authority on the part of parents out there,but there is a change happening,” says Kerrie,a psychology professor at Lebanon Valley College.“In the middle of that change,there is a lot of confusion among parents.”
Family researchers offer a variety of reasons for these evolving roles and attitudes.They see the 1960s as a turning point.Great cultural changes led to more open communication and a more democratic process that encourages everyone to have a say.
“My parents were on the ‘before’ side of that change,but todays parents,the 40yearolds,were on the ‘after’ side,” explains Mr.Ballmer.“Its not something easily accomplished by parents these days,because life is more difficult to understand or deal with,but sharing interests does make it more fun to be a parent now.”
Ⅰ.根据短文,写一篇30词左右的摘要。
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
Ⅱ.根据所读短文,选出最佳答案。
1.The underlined word gulf in Para.3 most probably means _______________.
A.interest               B.distance
C.difference             D.separation
2.Which of the following shows that the generation gap is disappearing?
A.Parents help their children develop interests in more activities.
B.Parents put more trust in their childrens abilities.
C.Parents and children talk more about sex and drugs.
D.Parents share more interests with their children.
3.The change in today,s parentchild relationship is _____________.
A.more confusion among parents
B.new equality between parents and children
C.less respect for parents from children
D.more strictness and authority on the part of parents
4.By saying “todays parents,the 40yearolds,were on the ‘after’ side.” the author means that todays parents _______________.
A.follow the trend of the change
B.can set a limit to the change
C.fail to take the change seriously
D.have little difficulty adjusting to the change
5.The purpose of the passage is to _______________.
A.describe the difficulties todays parents have met with
B.discuss the development of the parentchild relationship
C.suggest the ways to handle the parentchild relationship
D.compare todays parentchild relationship with that in the past
三、
(一)
1.解析:根据serious可判断出conscientiously为“认真地”之意。
答案:认真地
2.解析:从if条件句的意思可推断出句中impair
 your health的意思为“损害健康”。
答案:损害
3.解析:由句中的because of the darkness可推断出stray的意思为“迷路”。
答案:迷路
4.解析:因为mansion与“战场遗址”、“剧院”、“其它公众厅”并列,所以mansion也应属
于建筑物或场所。
答案:大厦
(二)
Ⅰ.
The text tells us that nowadays parents and their children have a lot in common and they are equal in many ways,which makes it more fun to be a parent.
Ⅱ.
1.解析:可以通过同等关系推测词义的技巧来找出答案,即通过There was just a complete gap in taste和move in separate orbits来推测词义。
答案:B
2.解析:细节理解题 由文章的第一段可以知道答案。
答案:D
3.解析:细节推断题,由文章的第五段可知,现在父母和孩子的关系趋于平等。
答案:B
4.解析:20世纪60年代被看作一个转折点,以前的父母高高在上,固执保守,而现在的父母与孩子一起分享共有兴趣的快乐,所以A项 “紧随潮流的变化”最符合题意。
答案:A
5.解析:推理判断题,要求推断作者的写作意图,纵观全文,只有B项符合。
答案:B

 

 

 

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