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高二英语Unit 9主要词组和习惯用法归纳  

2012-04-02 10:22:15|  分类: 【教学资料】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 高二英语Unit 9主要词组和习惯用法归纳

 

 

1. be content with = be satisfied with 对…满意 be content to do sth 满足于做某事…

content oneself with 满足于

2. the United Nations 联合国 The House of Representatives 众议院

3. sustainable development 可持续发展 sustain = support 支撑

4. kill time 消磨时光 kill off 消灭 / 杀光

5. get / gain access to 接近 have free access to 自由利用 give sb access to 答应让某人使用….

6. live in poverty 过着贫穷的生活

7. take part in = join in

8. stress = emphasize 着重 / 强调 lay / put great access on 着重 / 重视 under the stress of 为…所迫

9. be on an equal with sb 与某人平等 be equal to 与…对等 be equal in… 在…平等

10. be responsible for 对…负责 take the responsibility of / for doing 负起做某事的责任 a sense of responsibility 责任感 bear responsibility for 对…. 负有责任

11. take action 采取行动 take apart 拆开 take back one's words 收回某人的话 take charge 负责 take for 认为 take in 吸收 / 接纳 be taken in by sb 被某人欺骗 take on 呈现/ 雇佣 / 承担 take great trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦干某事 take sb in one's arms 拥抱某人 Action speaks louder than words 事实胜于雄辩 bring into action 使行动起来 go into action 行动起来

12. be willing to do sth 愿意干某事 against one's will 违背某人意愿 at will 随心所欲

13. be in harmony with 与…协调be out of harmony with 与…不协调, in agreement with 和….一致 agree with (气候,饮食,环境)与…一致, agree on (双方)就…达成一致意见

14. put an end to sth = sth bring to an end = sth come to an end 结束… end up with / in 以…结束,聋作哑make ends meet 量入为出

15. wipe out 消灭 / 擦洗 / 去除 wipe off 擦掉 wipe away擦掉 wipe off one's debts 还清债务

16. have no choice / alternative but to do sth 别无选择只好做某事

17. car –pooling 合伙用车

18. be affected with… 被传染… affect = have an effect on 影响

19. advise sb (not) to do sth 劝某人(不)做某事

20. make / take a note of = make / take notes of 记录 / 记下 compare notes 交换意见 take note of 注意到

21. make sure of / about sth 保证… make sure that … It is certain that … 一定/必定 be sure to do = be certain to do 务必做…

22. be all for …. 完全赞同 go for 支持… fight for 为…而战 struggle for 为…而奋斗
23. all alone = all by oneself 独自 all along 一直 all the same 仍然 all out 全力 all through 全部 all round   到处 all over 遍及

24. do whatever one can to do try one's best to do 尽某人所能做…. do everything (that) one can to do try all / every means to do   do all (that) one can to do make an effort to do   do as much as one can to do spare no efforts to do

25. Inversion 倒装

A. 完全倒装:In / out / up / down / away / here / there / over / off / next / such / back + come/ go / rush / run等不及物动词

Next came Tom's turn. Such ended his life. (主语是代词时,仍使用正常语序):In he came and the lesson began.

B. 部分倒装:

①Never / little / no / hardly / seldom / not / by no means / in no case / in no time / not until / not a bit / scarcely / barely / no longer / at no time / no sooner …(than) / hardly…(when…)/ not only …(but also…)   Never before have I heard of such a man.

②Only + 地点 / 方式 / 时间状语(从句):

Only in this way can you make progress in English study. Only when one is away from home does one realize how nice home is.

③Cleverest as he is, he doesn't work hard. (=Although he is the cleverest, he doesn't work hard.) Child as he is, he knows a lot. (=Although he is a child, he knows a lot.)

④so / such ….that 引导的结果状语从句 So loudly did he speak that everyone could hear him.

⑤省略if的虚拟语气要把had, should, were 提到句首引起倒装:   Had he worked hard (= If he had worked hard), he would have got through the exams. Should it rain tomorrow (= If it should rain tomorrow), we would have to put off the visit to the Summer Palace.

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